ծառ

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Armenian[edit]

ծառ

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ծառ (caṙ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ծառ (caṙ)

  1. tree

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Disputed.

Pedersen connects with Ancient Greek γάρρα (gárrha, rod, wand), γάρσανα (gársana, brushwood), γέρρον (gérrhon, wattle-fence) and Old Norse kjarr (copsewood, brush-wood, thicket). This is accepted by Walde, Pokorny and Ačaṙean, who reconstruct Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥so- for Armenian, the zero-grade of the root *ǵers- (to twist; to plait things from flexible twigs).

On the other hand, according to Diakonoff we are dealing with a word of Hurro-Urartian substrate origin: compare Urartian [script needed] (ṣârə, orchard), Hurrian [script needed] (sar-me, wood).

Noun[edit]

ծառ (caṙ)

  1. tree
    մատաղատունկ ծառmatałatunk caṙsapling
    հինաւուրց, զառամ ծառhinawurcʿ, zaṙam caṙold tree
    պտղատու ծառptłatu caṙfruit tree
    թզուկ ծառtʿzuk caṙdwarf tree
    ծառ արուեստիcaṙ aruestithe ten Aristotelian categories
    ելանել ի ծառelanel i caṙto climb trees; to mount a tree
    ծառ յօտել, յապաւել զծառսcaṙ yōtel, yapawel zcaṙsto prune; to lop
    պատուաստել զծառսpatuastel zcaṙsto graft
    ծաղկին ծառքcałkin caṙkʿthe trees flourish
    փթթին ծառք ծաղկօք, ծաղկազարդին ծառքpʿtʿtʿin caṙkʿ całkōkʿ, całkazardin caṙkʿthe fruits are in full bloom or blossom
    ծառ կացուցանել զհերսcaṙ kacʿucʿanel zhersto cause the hair to stand on end
    իւրում ծառոց ի վերայ ելանելiwrum caṙocʿ i veray elanelto do according to one's will or pleasure, to follow one's own bent

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “ծառ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 446–447
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ծառ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Diakonoff, Igor M. (1985), “Hurro-Urartian Borrowings in Old Armenian”, in Journal of the American Oriental Society[1], volume 105, issue 4, pages 597–603
  • Pedersen, Holger (1905), “Zur armenischen Sprachgeschichte”, in Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung auf dem Gebiete der Indogermanischen Sprachen[2] (in German), volume 38, issue 2, page 194
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ծառ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 392
  • Walde, Alois (1930), Pokorny, Julius, editor, Vergleichendes Wörterbuch der indogermanischen Sprachen (in German), volume I, Berlin: de Gruyter, page 609