կակալ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to dialectal կակալա (kakala, walnut; testicle; unripe fruit), dialectal (Khotorjur) կակըլ (kakəl, kernel of an apricot, almond etc.), Northern Kurdish kakil (kernel), Central Kurdish کاکڵ(kakill, kernel) (corresponding exactly to the Khotorjur form) and Georgian კაკალი (ḳaḳali, walnut-tree; walnut; testicle; eyeball; grain; piece).[1] According to Łapʿancʿyan, the Armenian words are borrowed from Zan languages: compare Laz კაკალი (ḳaḳali, walnut; testicle), Mingrelian კაკალი (ḳaḳali, grain; piece; kernel).[2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

կակալ (kakal)

  1. (dialectal, Erzurum, Khotorjur, Hamshen, Tbilisi) walnut (together with the shell)
    Synonyms: ընկույզ (ənkuyz), պոպոք (popokʿ)
    • 17th century, Buniatʿ Sebastacʿi, Girkʿ bžškutʿean tumari :
      [] զկակալն երեն զմոխիրն դմակ եղով ի տեղն քսեն
      [] zkakaln eren zmoxirn dmak ełov i tełn kʿsen
  2. (dialectal, Tbilisi) eyeball

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1913), “կակալ”, in Hayerēn gawaṙakan baṙaran [Armenian Provincial Dictionary] (Ēminean azgagrakan žołovacu; 9) (in Armenian), Tiflis: Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages, page 540a
  2. ^ Łapʿancʿyan, Grigor (1961) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun. Hin šrǰan [History of the Armenian Language. Ancient Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 90
  3. ^ Kapancjan, G. A. (1975) Istoriko-lingvističeskije raboty. Tom II [Historical-Linguistic Works. Volume II] (in Russian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 369

Further reading[edit]

  • Malxaseancʿ, Stepʿan (1944–1945), “կակալ”, in Hayerēn bacʿatrakan baṙaran [Armenian Explanatory Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: State Publishing House
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 346
  • Sargsyan, Artem et al., editors (2001–2012), “կակալ”, in Hayocʿ lezvi barbaṙayin baṙaran [Dialectal Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Hayastan