վարունգ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Old Armenian վարունգ (varung).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

վարունգ (varung)

  1. cucumber
    Synonym: խիար (xiar) (dialectal)

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An Iranian borrowing. Compare Parthian 𐫇𐫀𐫅𐫡𐫇𐫗𐫃(wʾdrwng /wādrūng/, lemon balm, balm mint), Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (wʾtlng /wādrang/, citron), Persian بادرنگ(bādrang, a species of cucumber; an orange), وارنگ(vārang, a long crooked cucumber; a large lemon or orange-tree) and Kurdish باروونە(barûne, citron).

Noun[edit]

վարունգ (varung)

  1. cucumber
    • 5th century, Pʿawstos Buzand, Hayoc Patmutʿiwnʿ [History of the Armenians] V.7:[1]
      Եւ ի ժամ աղանդեր մատուցանելոյ՝ եդին առաջի նորա միրգ, խնձոր եւ վարունգ եւ ամիճ, զի կերիցէ․
      Ew i žam ałander matucʿaneloy, edin aṙaǰi nora mirg, xnjor ew varung ew amič, zi kericʿē;
      • Translation by Nina G. Garsoïan
        And at the time for the presentation of dessert, they placed fruit before [Aršak]—apples and cucumbers and amič, that he might eat.
    մանր վարունգmanr varunggherkin
    իշկոյ վարունգiškoy varungelaterium, wild cucumber; colocynth
  2. citron
  3. ripe autumn fruit

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: վարունգ (varung)

Further reading[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “վարունգ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “վարունգ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “վարունգ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

References[edit]

  1. ^ Garsoïan, Nina G. (1989) The Epic Histories Attributed to P‘awstos Buzand (Buzandaran Patmut‘iwnk‘): Translation and Commentary, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, page 199