שכן

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Arabic سَكَنَ(sakana, to reside, inhabit).

Root
שׁ־כ־ן

Verb[edit]

שָׁכַן (shakhán) (pa'al construction, infinitive לשכון \ לִשְׁכֹּן‎, future ישכון \ יִשְׁכֹּן‎)

  1. to dwell, reside
    • Numbers 23:9, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      כִּי־מֵרֹאשׁ צֻרִים אֶרְאֶנּוּ וּמִגְּבָעוֹת אֲשׁוּרֶנּוּ הֶן־עָם לְבָדָד יִשְׁכֹּן וּבַגּוֹיִם לֹא יִתְחַשָּׁב׃‎‎
      ki-merósh tsurím 'er'énu umig'va'ót 'ashurénu hen-'ám l'vadád yishkón uvagoyím ló yitkhasháv.
      kī-mērōš ṣūrīm ʾerʾénnū ūmiggəḇāʿōṯ ʾăšūrénnū hen-ʿām ləḇāḏāḏ yiškōn ūḇaggōyīm lō yiṯḥaššāḇ.
      For from the top of the rocks I see him, and from the hills I behold him: lo, it is a people that shall dwell alone, and shall not be reckoned among the nations.
  2. to be housed, located

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

שָׁכֵן (shakhénm (plural indefinite שְׁכֵנִים‎, feminine counterpart שְׁכֵנָה‎)

  1. neighbor

Related terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

שָׁכֵן (shakhén) (feminine שְׁכֵנָה‎, masculine plural שְׁכֵנִים‎, feminine plural שְׁכֵנוֹת‎)

  1. neighboring

Yiddish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrew שָׁכֵן‎.

Noun[edit]

שכן (shokhnm, plural שכנים(shkheynem)

  1. neighbour