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Borrowed from Sanskrit उल्का (ulkā, meteor), possibly from a Proto-Indo-European root shared with Proto-Celtic *lowtus (ash) (compare Welsh lludw (ash), Breton ludu (ash)). Or, possibly related to Ancient Greek ἤλεκτρον (ḗlektron, amber, gold-silver alloy), Persian ارک(ark, sun) and Pashto اکره(akára, meteor) (Metathesis of *-rk- > *-kr-).

Many sources link it to Latin Vulcanus (god of fire), but Mallory & Adams reject this as Vulcanus may be an Etruscan word.


  • IPA(key): /ʊl.kɑː/, [ʊl̪.käː]


उल्का (ulkāf

  1. (astronomy) meteor
    • (Can we date this quote?), Pradeep Kumar Mishra, अंतरिक्ष नगर [Space City]:
      परंतु पंकज इधर-उधर ऊपर-नीचे होकर बचता रहा। अचानक दोनों के बीच में एक बड़ा सा उल्का पिंड आ गया।
      parantu paṅkaj idhar-udhar ūpar-nīce hokar bactā rahā. acānak donõ ke bīc mẽ ek baṛā sā ulkā piṇḍ ā gayā.
      But Pankaj saved himself going here-and-there, under-and-over. Suddenly, a meteor came between the two.
    उल्का वर्षाulkā varṣāmeteor shower



  • Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press
  • Monier-Williams (1872): A Sanskṛit-English Dictionary Etymologically and Philologically Arranged: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, Gothic, German, Anglo-Saxon, and Other Cognate Indo-European Languages
  • Blažek, Václav (2010): The Indo-european "Smith"