धारयति

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Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *dʰāráyati, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰāráyati, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰor-éyeti. Causative of धरति (dhárati, to hold, support, seize), itself from √धृ (dhṛ, to hold back, stop, restrain).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /d̪ʱɑː.ɽɐ́.jɐ.t̪i/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈd̪ʱɑː.ɽɐ.jɐ.t̪i/
  • Verb[edit]

    धारयति (dhāráyati) (root धृ, class 1, causative)

    1. to maintain, to hold
      • c. 400 BCE, Bhagavad Gītā 6.13
        समं कायशिरोग्रीवं धारयन्नचलं स्थिरः
        samaṃ kāyaśirogrīvaṃ dhārayannacalaṃ sthiraḥ
        Maintaining (dhārayann) body, head and neck alevel, moveless, fixed
    2. to practise
    3. to undergo, to bear

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 519