ἀράχνη

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pre-Greek origin, although related to Latin arānea. Whether it is the source of the Latin term or they both originated from a different source is unclear.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ᾰ̓ρᾰ́χνη (arákhnēf (genitive ᾰ̓ρᾰ́χνης); first declension

  1. Feminine form of ᾰ̓ρᾰ́χνης (arákhnēs).
    • 458 BCE, Aeschylus, Agamemnon 1492:
      κεῖσαι δ᾽ ἀράχνης ἐν ὑφάσματι τῷδ᾽ ἀσεβεῖ θανάτῳ βίον ἐκπνέων.
      keîsai d᾽ arákhnēs en huphásmati tôid᾽ asebeî thanátōi bíon ekpnéōn.
    1. spider web
      Synonym: ᾰ̓ρᾰ́χνῐον (arákhnion)
    2. cow parsnip
      Synonym: σφονδῠ́λῐον (sphondúlion)
    3. A kind of sundial (mollusc).

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: αράχνη (aráchni)
  • Translingual: Arachnida

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]