ᆫ다

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Korean[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From (-n-, present tense) + (-da).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key)[nda̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? nda
Revised Romanization (translit.)? nda
McCune–Reischauer? nda
Yale Romanization? nta

Suffix[edit]

—ᆫ다 (-nda)

  1. A present tense plain style declarative suffix.
    영화 간다.
    Yeonghwareul boreo ganda.
    I go to watch a movie.
    그는 "안다. 그래서?"라며 짜증 목소리되받다.
    Geuneun "Anda. Geuraeseo?"ramyeo jjajeung seokkin moksoriro doebadatda.
    "I know. So?", he retorted, with an irritated voice.
  2. A plain style monologic interrogative suffix; usually used with interrogative words.
    어쩐다...?
    I doneul eojjeonda...?
    What should I do with this money...?

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix ᆫ다 (-nda) is directly attached to the stem of a verb ending in a vowel or with the consonant (l), which is dropped, e.g.

가— (ga-, “to go”) → 아빠일하 간다. (Appaga ilhareo ganda., “Dad goes to work.”)
갈— (gal-, “to replace”) → 아빠형광등간다. (Appaga hyeonggwangdeung-eul ganda., “Dad changes the fluorescent lamp.”)

If the stem ends in a consonant other than (l), 는다 (neunda) is used instead. This is directly attached to the stem, as well.

E.g. 잡— (jap-, “to catch”) → 포수는다. (Posuga gong-eul jamneunda., “The catcher catches the ball.”)

See also[edit]