ᆸ니까

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Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key)[mnik͈a̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? mnikka
Revised Romanization (translit.)? bnikka
McCune–Reischauer? mnikka
Yale Romanization? pnikka

Suffix[edit]

—ᆸ니까 (-mnikka)

  1. Interrogative suffix for sentence-final verbs in the 하십시오체 (hasipsioche, formal polite) speech level.
    안녕십니까?
    Annyeonghasimnikka?
    How are you? (formal, literally, "Are [you] well/peaceful?

Usage notes[edit]

ᆸ니까 (-mnikka) is used after verbs and adjectives with no finals or ㄹ, which falls out. For example:

가— (ga-) + ᆸ니까 (-mnikka) = 갑니까 (gamnikka, “Will you go?”)
알— (al-) + ᆸ니까 (-mnikka) = 압니까 (amnikka, “Do you know?”)

습니까 (-seumnikka) is used otherwise, that is, after verbs and adjectives with finals that are not (l). For example:

먹— (meok-) + 습니까 (-seumnikka) = 먹습니까 (meokseumnikka, “Do you eat?”)

Related terms[edit]