於羅瑕

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Baekje[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably related to 於陸 (queen).

Noun[edit]

於羅瑕 (*eraγa? or *orIkOkE?) (Nihon shoki オリコケ or ヲリコケ)

  1. king (as used by the elite?)
    Synonyms: 鞬吉支 (*kən-kici), 吉支 (*kici)
    Coordinate term: 於陸 (*oruk, queen)

Reconstruction notes[edit]

Given as 於羅瑕 (MC ʔɨʌ|ʔuo lɑ ɦˠa) in the Book of Zhou, which states that this is an aristocratic word for the king of Baekje as opposed to the commoners' word 鞬吉支 (*k(j)ən-kici).

Given as オリコケ (*orikoke) and ヲリコケ (*worikoke) in katakana glosses to the Nihon shoki.

References[edit]

  • John Bentley (2000), “New Look at Paekche and Korean: Data from Nihon shoki”, in Language Research[1], volume 36, issue 2, Seoul National University, pages 417—443
  • Alexander Vovin (2005), “Koguryo and Paekche: Different Languages or Dialects of Old Korean?”, in Journal of Inner and East Asian Studies, volume 2, issue 2, Koguryo Research Foundation, pages 108—140
  • Alexander Vovin (2013), “From Koguryo to T'amna”, in Korean Linguistics[2], volume 15, issue 2, John Benjamins Publishing Company, pages 222—240