-αριά

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Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

In sense 1, derived from similar -άρι (-ári). In rest of senses, a Byzantine Greek creation.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-αριά (-ariáf

  1. used to indicate an approximate age or amount:
    δέκα (déka, ten) + ‎-αριά (-ariá) → ‎δεκαριά (dekariá, around ten, about ten)
    είκοσι (eíkosi, twenty) + ‎-αριά (-ariá) → ‎εικοσαριά (eikosariá, around twenty, about twenty)
  2. used to indicate a device which uses or causes the noun it is suffixed to:
    κλειδί (kleidí, key) + ‎-αριά (-ariá) → ‎κλειδαριά (kleidariá, lock, padlock)
    ζυγός (zygós, balance, scale) + ‎-αριά (-ariá) → ‎ζυγαριά (zygariá, scales)
    ψήνω (psíno, to roast, to cook) + ‎-αριά (-ariá) → ‎ψησταριά (psistariá, rotisserie, barbecue)
  3. added to a fruit/plant/body organ noun, to create words for trees/plants that produce it or when it is used (in the case of body organs) as food
    pine (pine, κουκουνάρι) + ‎-αριά (-ariá) → ‎κουκουναριά (koukounariá, pine tree)
    λυγίζω (lygízo, to bend) + ‎-αριά (-ariá) → ‎λυγαριά (lygariá, osier, wicker)
    συκώτι (sykóti, liver) + ‎-αριά (-ariá) → ‎συκωταριά (sykotariá, offal, entrails)

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