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Old English[edit]


Old English, from Proto-Germanic *-isōną, originally from a substantive particle (Proto-Germanic *-is-) represented in Old English esa "fear" → sian "to terrify", later applied by analogy to other nouns not originally containing the particle



  1. verbal suffix added to adjectives and nouns, generally causing i-mutation in the stem
    clǣnsian ‎(to purify, cleanse), from clǣne "clean, pure"
    blētsian, blēdsian ‎(to consecrate, bless), from blōd "blood"