Appendix:Cognate sets for Dravidian languages

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Numerals[edit]

The numerals from 1 to 10 in various Dravidian languages.

Number Tamil Kannada Malayalam Tulu Telugu Kolami Kurukh Brahui Proto-Dravidian
1 onru ondu onnu onji okai okkod oa asi *oru(1)
2 irau erau rau ra renu irā indiŋ irā *iru(2)
3 nru ru mūnnu mūji u mūndiŋ mūnd musi *muC
4 nālu, nālku, nānku nālku nālu nāl nālugu nāliŋ kh čār (II) *nān
5 ainthu aidu añcu ayN ayidu ayd 3 pancē (II) panč (II) *cayN
6 āru āru āru āji āru ār 3 soyyē (II) šaš (II) *caru
7 ēu ēlu ēu yēl ēu ē 3 sattē (II) haft (II) *eu
8 eu eu eu edma enimidi enumadī 3 ahē (II) hašt (II) *eu
9 onpathu ombattu onpatu ormba tommidi tomdī 3 naiyē (II) nōh (II) *to
10 patthu hattu pattu patt padi padī 3 dassē (II) dah (II) *pat(tu)
  1. This is the same as the word for another form of the number one in Tamil and Malayalam. This is used as an indefinite article meaning "a" and also when the number is an adjective followed by a noun (as in "one person") as opposed to when it is a noun (as in "How many are there?" "One").
  2. This is still found in compound words, and has taken on a meaning of "double" in Tamil and Malayalam. For example, irupatu (20, literally meaning "double-ten"), iravai (20 in Telugu), or "irai" ("double") or Iruvar (meaning two people).
  • Words indicated (II) are borrowings from[Indo-Iranian languages.