Appendix:Finnish nominal inflection/vasen

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KOTUS type 37 (vasen) NSK type 60 (vasen)

The word vasen only, and its compound words.

Inflectional stem replaces -n with -mpa-, which is subject to mpmm consonant gradation. The -a- is dropped before the plural marker -i-.

Partitive singular ending -ta attached to the nominative, or -a. Partitive plural ending -a. Genitive plural ending -ten attached to the nominative stem, or -en.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of Finnish nominal inflection/vasen (Kotus type 37/vasen, mp-mm gradation)
nominative vasen vasemmat
genitive vasemman vasempien
vasenten
partitive vasenta
vasempaa
vasempia
illative vasempaan vasempiin
singular plural
nominative vasen vasemmat
accusative nom. vasen vasemmat
gen. vasemman
genitive vasemman vasempien
vasenten
vasempainrare
partitive vasenta
vasempaa
vasempia
inessive vasemmassa vasemmissa
elative vasemmasta vasemmista
illative vasempaan vasempiin
adessive vasemmalla vasemmilla
ablative vasemmalta vasemmilta
allative vasemmalle vasemmille
essive vasempana vasempina
translative vasemmaksi vasemmiksi
instructive vasemmin
abessive vasemmatta vasemmitta
comitative vasempineen

Consonant gradation detail[edit]

Summary[edit]

grade mp → mm
nominative vasen
genitive weak vasemman
partitive strong vasempaa
elative weak vasemmasta
illative strong vasempaan

Complete declension highlighting consonant gradation (mp → mm)[edit]

Inflection of Finnish nominal inflection/vasen (Kotus type 37/vasen, mp-mm gradation)
nominative vasen vasemmat
genitive vasemman vasempien
vasenten
partitive vasenta
vasempaa
vasempia
illative vasempaan vasempiin
singular plural
nominative vasen vasemmat
accusative nom. vasen vasemmat
gen. vasemman
genitive vasemman vasempien
vasenten
vasempainrare
partitive vasenta
vasempaa
vasempia
inessive vasemmassa vasemmissa
elative vasemmasta vasemmista
illative vasempaan vasempiin
adessive vasemmalla vasemmilla
ablative vasemmalta vasemmilta
allative vasemmalle vasemmille
essive vasempana vasempina
translative vasemmaksi vasemmiksi
instructive vasemmin
abessive vasemmatta vasemmitta
comitative vasempineen