Appendix:Glossary of Ayurveda

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[This is a glossary of terms and concepts used in Ayurveda. Ayurveda is an ancient medical science of India, based on tradition. It is closely associated with the Atharvaveda, and mythical sage (rishi) Dhanvantari is believed to be the first practitioner of ayurveda. It is a traditional system of medicine, based on observation and experience, and it expounds that all the ailments originate on account of imbalances of wind, bile and phlegm in the human bodies. The treatment involves mainly use of water, minerals, herbs and several other natural substances with or without processing.

A partial list of various terms and phrases used in Ayurveda is presented below.


Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A[edit]

Abhyanga
A unique way of anointing the body and perform strokes in a regular fashion.
Agada Tantra
the study of toxicology
Agni
literal meaning fire – in the sense of a term of Ayurveda, agni governs and controls digestion and metabolism
Ahara Shakti
appetite and the capacity to digest
Akash
sky or ether
Ama
The undigested foodmass in the body
Apana
Air moving downward in the body
Arishta
A medicated wine prepared with a blend of herbal decoctions
Asava
A medicated wine prepared with a blend of herbal infusions
Asthi
Bone
Avaleha
Semisolid Ayurvedic preparations meant for oral consumption

B[edit]

Bal Chikitsa
pediatrics
Basti
a type of enemas using herbs – an essential step in the cleansing stage in the therapy known as pancha—karma therapy
Bheda
last stage of any ailment or disease – at this stage the ailment or the disease would have become chronic
Bhrajaka
to spread or to diffuse

C[edit]

Chapati
a type of bread made of wheat flour and cooked on griddle – used in several parts of India.
Charaka
an Ayurvedic physician of great antiquity
Charaka Samhita
an ancient treatise on Ayurveda written by Charaka
Chatai
a mat made of common straw

D[edit]

Dharma
religion and religious duty

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

Ghee
clarified butter
Graha Chikitsa
Ayurvedic psychiatry

H[edit]

I[edit]

J[edit]

Jal
water

K[edit]

Kayachikitsa - Ayurvedic Internal Medicine

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

pitta (SANSKRIT पित्त)
bile, fire.

Q[edit]

R[edit]

RAJAYAKSHMA - TUBERCULOSIS / PTHISIS / CACHEXIA

S[edit]

Sa Viryata Avadhi
period till expiry date
Shally (SANSKRIT शल्य)
Any foreign body, in the human body.
Sushrut
Maharshi Sushrut was the great surgon, who is known as the father of plastic surgory, he was first plastic surgon. Today also, any surgon is known as "Sushrut" in ayurvedic language.

T[edit]

Ushana - Hot

V[edit]

Virya
Potancy

W[edit]

X[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

References[edit]

  • Gerson, Scott. Ayurveda: The Ancient Indian Healing Art. Boston: Element Books, 1993.
  • Hospodar, Miriam Kasin. Heaven’s Banquet: Vegetarian Cooking for Lifelong Health the Ayurveda Way. New York: Dutton, 1999.
  • Lad, Vasant. The Complete Book of Ayurvedic Home Remedies. New York: Harmony Books, 1998.
  • Lonsdorf, Nancy, Veronica Butler, and Melanie Brown. A Woman’s Best Medicine: Health, Happiness nd Long Life Through Ayur-Veda. New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Putnam, 1993.
  • Raichur, Pratima, with Marian Cohn. Absolute Beauty. New York: Harper Collins, 1997.
  • Hari Sharma, and Christopher Clark. Contemporary Ayurveda: Medicine and Research in Ayurveda. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1998.
  • Sharma, Hari. Freedom from Disease. Toronto: Veda Publishing, Inc., 1993.

External links[edit]