Appendix:Proto-Balto-Slavic declension

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Olander 2009[edit]

From Olander 2009: 153 (with stripped accent marks, and y=i̯ w=u̯):

case o-stem ā-stem i-stem u-stem
singular
nominative *lāngas / *śimtan *gālwā *mintis *sōdus
accusative *lāngan / *śimtan *gālwān *mintin *sōdun
genitive *lāngā *gālwās *minteys *sōdaws
dative *lāngōy *gālwāy *mintey *sōdawey
instrumental *lāngō *gālwān *mintimi *sōdumi
locative *lāngāy *gālwāy *mintēy *sōdāw
dual
nominative-accusative *lāngō / *śimtāy *gālwāy *mintī *sōdū
plural
nominative *lāngay / *śimtā *gālwās *minteyes *sōdawes
accusative *lāngans / *śimtā *gālwāns *mintins *sōduns
genitive *lāngōn *gālwōn *minteyan *sōdawan
dative *lāngamas *gālwāmas *mintimas *sōdumas
instrumental *lāngōys *gālwāmīs *mintimīs *sōdumīs
locative *lāngaysu *gālwāsu *mintisu *sōdusu

Additional forms:

  • ī‑stem nom. sg. *sāldī
  • ūs‑stem nom. sg. *sweśrūs
  • r-stem nom. sg. *duktē
  • n-stem nom. sg. *ārmō

Kim 2002[edit]

From Kim 2002:177 (with stripped accent marks, and with macrons instead of the colon, i.e. a: = ā)

case o-stem ā-stem i-stem u-stem cons.-stem
singular
nominative -as / -an -is -us -ō, -ē
genitive -ās -eis or -ais -eus or -aus -es
dative -ōi -āi -ei? -ewei -ei
accusative -an -ān -in -un -in
instrumental -āmi -imi -umi -mi
locative -ai -āi -ei -eu -i???
vocative -e / -an -a -ei -eu or -au
plural
nominative -ai / -ā -ās -eyes, -is -awes -es
genitive -ōn -āōn -eyōn -ewōn -ōn
dative -amas -āmas -imas -umas -mas
accusative -ōs -ās -īs -ūs -īs
instrumental -ais -āmins -imins -umins -mins
locative -aisu -āsu -isu -usu -su

Wiktionary[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thomas Olander, Balto-Slavic accentual mobility, 2009, Mouton de Gruyter: Berlin-New York
  • Ronald Kim, Topics in the reconstruction and development of Indo-European accent, 2002