Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/gʷḗn

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a root *gʷen- + *-h₂-.

Noun[edit]

*gʷḗn f (oblique stem *gʷnéh₂-)

  1. woman

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, proterokinetic
singular
nominative *gʷénh₂s
genitive *gʷnéh₂s
singular dual plural
nominative *gʷénh₂s *gʷénh₂h₁(e) *gʷénh₂es
vocative *gʷḗn *gʷénh₂h₁(e) *gʷénh₂es
accusative *gʷénh₂m̥ *gʷénh₂h₁(e) *gʷénh₂n̥s
genitive *gʷnéh₂s *? *gʷnéh₂oHom
ablative *gʷnéh₂s *? *gʷnéh₂mos
dative *gʷnéh₂ey *? *gʷnéh₂mos
locative *gʷnéh₂, *gʷnéh₂i *? *gʷnéh₂su
instrumental *gʷnéh₂h₁ *? *gʷnéh₂bʰi

Descendants[edit]

  • Anatolian:
  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic: *genāˀ (see there for further descendants)
    • Old Prussian: genno (vocative singular)
    • Slavic: *žena (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *ben (archaic form)
    • Old Irish:
  • Celtic: *benā (re-formation as regular ā-stem) (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *kwenǭ (see there for further descendants), *kwēniz (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic:
  • Indo-Iranian: *ǰánHs (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *gnáHs (see there for further descendants)
  • Phrygian: [script needed] (knaika)
  • Tocharian: