Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/h₁es-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

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Root[edit]

*h₁es-[1]

  1. to be

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • *h₁és- ‎(root present)[1]
  • *h₁s-ónt- ‎(active participle)
    • Albanian: gjë
    • Germanic: *sanþaz
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: सत् ‎(sat, existing, real)
  • *h₁s-ónt-ih₂ ~ *h₁s-n̥t-yéh₂- ‎(feminine of the active participle)
    • Germanic: *sundijō
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: सती ‎(satī́, good and virtuous or faithful wife)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Don Ringe, From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, 2006