Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/snóygʷʰos

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *sneygʷʰ- +‎ *-os(thematic performance/action noun).

Noun[edit]

*snóygʷʰos m (non-ablauting)

  1. snow

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
singular
nominative *snóygʷʰos
genitive *snóygʷʰosyo
singular dual plural
nominative *snóygʷʰos *snóygʷʰoh₁ *snóygʷʰoes
vocative *snóygʷʰe *snóygʷʰoh₁ *snóygʷʰoes
accusative *snóygʷʰom *snóygʷʰoh₁ *snóygʷʰons
genitive *snóygʷʰosyo *? *snóygʷʰooHom
ablative *snóygʷʰead *? *snóygʷʰomos
dative *snóygʷʰoey *? *snóygʷʰomos
locative *snóygʷʰey, *snóygʷʰoy *? *snóygʷʰoysu
instrumental *snóygʷʰoh₁ *? *snóygʷʰōys

Descendants[edit]

  • Balto-Slavic: *snaigas
  • Germanic: *snaiwaz (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Sanskrit: स्नेह(snéha, greasiness, slime; body fluid, etc.)
      • Prakrit: siṇeha "snow"

References[edit]

  • Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, page 573
  • Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-15496-4, page 349
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 349
  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 457
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 974
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 772
  • Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008) Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, pages 622—623
  • Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 530
  • Buck, Carl Darling (1949) A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, § 1.76, pages 68—69
  • Gamkrelidze, Th. V.; Ivanov, V. V. (1995) Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans. A Reconstruction and Historical Analysis of a Proto-Language and Proto-Culture. Part I: The Text (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 80), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 587
  • Calvert Watkins, The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1985, page 62, root sneigʷh-