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English citations of Portuguese

Adjective: of or pertaining to the Portuguese language[edit]

1966 1981 1986 1988
ME « 15th c. 16th c. 17th c. 18th c. 19th c. 20th c. 21st c.
  • 1966, Alexander R. Prista, Essential Portuguese grammar, Courier Dover Publications, →ISBN, page 6:
    It will help you to expand your Portuguese vocabulary if you remember that many Portuguese words are similar in meaning and appearance to English words.
  • 1981, Milton Mariano Azevedo, A Contrastive Phonology of Portuguese and English, page 31
    The latter feature indicates that a Portuguese consonant cannot constitute the nucleus of a syllable.
  • 1986, Fred R. Eckman, Edith A. Moravcsik, Jessica R. Wirth, Markedness, volume 1983, Springer, →ISBN, page 298:
    The data collected of Portuguese speakers learning English found that Portuguese speakers had difficulty acquiring the aspirated stop in English.
  • 1988, Jack Lee Ulsh, Mastering Portuguese, Barron's Educational Series, →ISBN, page 224:
    All Portuguese nouns can be grouped into two categories. Traditionally these two categories have been labeled 'masculine' and 'feminine', and all nouns are said to have either 'masculine' gender or 'feminine' gender.

Adjective: of or pertaining to Portugal[edit]

1973 2008
ME « 15th c. 16th c. 17th c. 18th c. 19th c. 20th c. 21st c.
  • 1973, Roger Parkinson, The Peninsular War, page 104
    The British army had already moved over the border and the commander had established his HQ high in the central Portuguese mountains at Viseu.
  • 2008, “Music history of Portugal”, in English Wikipedia[1], Wikimedia Foundation:
    Luiz de Freitas Branco (1890-1955) is usually appointed as the «introducer of modernism in Portugal», by his decisive role in the approximation of Portuguese music to the most innovative European aesthetics, namely the Schönberg atonalism and the French impressionism.

Adjective: pertaining to the people or culture of Portugal[edit]

1867 1887 1990 2008
ME « 15th c. 16th c. 17th c. 18th c. 19th c. 20th c. 21st c.
  • 1867, Edward M. Pierce, The cottage cyclopedia of history and biography: a copious dictionary of memorable persons, events, places and things, with notices of the present state of the principal countries and nations of the known world, and a chronological view of American history, Case, Lockwood, page 271:
    1506. Madagascar—discovered by Lorenzo Almeida; revisited by the Portuguese navigator Fernandez Pereira, in 1508.
  • 1887, George Brown Goode, The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States, section IV, page 33
    In San Diego County there is but one Portuguese fisherman, as is also the case in Los Angeles, the county immediately adjoining.
  • 1990, Ellen Israel Rosen, Bitter Choices: Blue-Collar Women in and Out of Work, reprint, illustrated edition, University of Chicago Press, →ISBN, page 80:
    [...] with a good deal of prejudice that was in part motivated by the fear that the Portuguese women might take their jobs.
  • 2008, “Music history of Portugal”, in English Wikipedia[2], Wikimedia Foundation:
    In the end of the 17th, Portuguese composers gradually evolve towards the new musical language that would result in the modern tonalism.

Noun: native or inhabitant of Portugal[edit]

1759 1920 2000
ME « 15th c. 16th c. 17th c. 18th c. 19th c. 20th c. 21st c.
  • 1759, George Sale, George Psalmanazar, Archibald Bower, George Shelvocke, John Campbell, John Swinton, An Universal history, from the earliest account of time, volume 28, Printed for T. Osborne, page 100:
    Beſides, thoſe few Portugueſes who were with him, commited ſuch outrages, robberies, and murders, as ſeemed to call down vengeance upon them, and haſten his ruin.
  • 1920, Paulus Edward Pieris, Ceylon and the Portuguese, 1505-1658, page 184
    With a view to securing its more efficient working, a Portuguese was placed in charge of the entire department as Vidane.
  • 2000, René Chartrand & Bill Younghusband, The Portuguese Army of the Napoleonic Wars, volume 1, page 23
    Beresford required all materials for coatees, waistcoats and pantaloons to be sent out unmade, as the Portuguese were perfectly capable of making the suits up properly after delivery.
  • 2000, Ethnologia Europaea 30 (2): 52
    The Portuguese claim that a Galician would never be generous, as a Portuguese would. On their side, the Galicians tell the story of the Portuguese who invites some Galicians to dinner and then gives his guests very little to eat.

Proper noun: the official language of Portugal[edit]

1827 2000 2003
ME « 15th c. 16th c. 17th c. 18th c. 19th c. 20th c. 21st c.
  • 1827, Antonio Vieyra, A Portuguese grammar: with the Portuguese words properly accented according to the lastest and best authorities., Printed for J. Collingwood, page 45:
    The auxiliary verbs are so called, because they aid the conjugation of other verbs. They are four in Portuguese, viz havêr, têr, to have; sêr, estár, to be.
  • 2000, João Costa, Portuguese syntax: new comparative studies, illustrated edition, Oxford University Press US, →ISBN, page 65:
    Portuguese, however, is slightly different from Catalan, Spanish, and Romanian in that there is no strict adjacency requirement between wh-words and the verbal cluster in indirect questions.
  • 2003, Amélia P. Hutchinson, Janet Lloyd, Portuguese: an essential grammar, 2, illustrated edition, Routledge, →ISBN, page 206:
    There are some pronunciation and spelling variations among European Portuguese, Brazilian and even African Portuguese.