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English citations of Timonian

Adjective: of a form of bitter misanthropy[edit]

1770 1939 1962 1979 1988 2002
ME « 15th c. 16th c. 17th c. 18th c. 19th c. 20th c. 21st c.
  • 1770, John Langhorne's translation of Plutarch's Lives:[1]
    None of these things, however, disturbed him; for, at once abandoning his hopes and his cares, he left his Timonian retreat, and returned to Alexandria;
  • 1939, in The New York Times:[2]
    Yesterday Hamilton College doctored Ezra Loomis Pound, the Idaho lad who was graduated from it in 1905. In his habitual Timonian mood he has, time and time again, taken the hide off American professors.
  • 1962, Vladimir Nabokov, Pale Fire:[3]
    Kinbote, Charles, Dr., [...]; his modesty, 34; his having no library in his Timonian cave, 39; his belief in his having inspired S, 42;
  • 1979, Byron Gassman, in Modern Philology:[4]
    [...], as the discussion develops, the focus is generally on something rather different from this non-Timonian misanthropy of Swift.
  • 1988, Anthony Nuttall, "Gulliver among the Horses":[5]
    Claude Rawson, similarly, finds a certain doubleness in the final Timonian misanthropy of Gulliver.
  • 2002, Lawrence I. Berkove, A Prescription for Adversity:[6]
    Like Swift, whom he admired and imitated and with whom he had much in common, Bierce was a man who hated boldly and well and yet was not a Timonian misanthrope.


  1. ^ Plutarch, Parallel Lives (tr. John Langhorne, William Langhorne), E. and C. Dilly, 1770, p. 457.
  2. ^ Unsigned editorial, "Dr. Ezra Pound", The New York Times, June 13, 1939, p. 22 at
  3. ^ Vladimir Nabokov, Pale Fire: A Novel, New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1962, Index (written by the author, part of the narrative), p. 308 at Google Books. (Repr. Vintage Books, 1989, ISBN 0-679-72342-0.)
  4. ^ Byron Gassman, "[untitled review of Not in Timon's Manner: Feeling, Misanthropy, and Satire in Eighteenth-Century England by Thomas R. Preston]" (JSTOR 437942), Modern Philology, Vol. 77, No. 1 (August 1979), p. 92-95, via Google Web.
  5. ^ Anthony Nuttall, "Gulliver among the Horses" (JSTOR 3508189), in The Yearbook of English Studies, Vol. 18, "Pope, Swift, and Their Circle Special Number" (1988), p. 51-67, at Google Scholar; repr. in The Stoic in Love: Selected Essays on Literature and Ideas, 1989, p. 104 at Google Books.
  6. ^ Lawrence I. Berkove, A Prescription for Adversity: The Moral Art of Ambrose Bierce, Ohio State University Press, 2002, ISBN 978-0814208946, "Introduction", p. xiv at Google Books.