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English citations of Ukraine, Ukrainer, Ukrainian, and Ukrainians
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- 1651, Mercurius Politicus, (July 3–10), p 907:
- From Stetin in Pomerania, 8. June. ¶ They write that the Cosacks have met some part of the Polish Forces coming from Lublin and Qarnikow, that were marching to the Kings Army, whom they engaged and routed : But on the other side, that Prince Ratziwil, from Littaw, is falne into the Cosacks Countrey, called Ukrain [sic], and hath taken the chief City thereof, called Kiow : But hereof is no certainty.
- 1669, The London Gazette, n 449 (March 3–7), H.M. Stationery Office, p1:
- Letters from Ukrania informing, that all things there are in great disorder ; that the Bassa of Silistria has sent a message to the Governour of Biala Cierko in the name of the Grand Signior, offering him their friendship and protection upon the delivery of the place, and submission to the Ottoman power, otherwise threatening him with all the calamities that can be expected from an incensed Enemy.
- 1671, The London Gazette, n 574 (May 15–18), H.M. Stationery Office, p 1:
- From Adrianople our last Letters tell us, that the Grand Vizier had given directions for the speedy marching of 30,000 men towards the Ukrain [sic], as it is feared, to assist the Cossacks under the conduct of Dorosensko, in their designs against the Poles.
- 1671, The London Gazette, n 582 (June 12–15), H.M. Stationery Office, p 2:
- From Warsaw wee hear of a great Body of Tartars that were come into the Ukrain [sic], to join as was thought with the Cossacks there, and then to attempt some of the Frontier places of that Kingdom.
- 1671, The London Gazette, n 598 (August 7–10), H.M. Stationery Office, p 2:
- Our Letters from Poland, speak of new fears of the Tartars and Cossacks being joined together for the subduing the Ukraine : That the King was upon his departure from Warsaw, but only deferred his journey for some days, till Nakoskin, the Moscovite Ambassador; had dispatched his affairs he came about, that so he might have his last audience of him there.
- 1688, Edmund Bohun, A Geographical Dictionary, Representing the Present and Ancient Names of All the Countries, Provinces, Remarkable Cities, Universities, Ports, Tows, Mountains, Seas, Sreights, Fountains, and Rivers of the Whole World: Their Distances, Longitudes and Latitudes, London: Charles Brome:
- [s.v. Kamenieck] Kamenieck, Camienick, Camenecia, Clepidava, Camenecum, a strong City in the Ukraine, in the Kingdom of Poland, which is the Capital of Podolia.
- [s.v. Oczakow] Oczakow, Axiace, a City of Podolia, seated at the fall of the Nieper into the Euxine Sea, thirty miles from Czicassia, a City of the Ukrain [sic] to the South.
- [s.v. Ukraine] Ukraine, Ukrania, Ucrania, a Province of Red Russia in Poland, which is so called, because it is the Marches between Poland, Moscovy, and the Lesser Tartary, and is no less frequently called the Palatinate of Kiovia. It is divided into two parts by the Nieper. The Cossacks inhabit this vast Country, which are in part under the Poles, and in part under the Russ.
- 1696, The Present State of Europe: Or, the Historical and Political Monthly Mercury, v 7, London: Henry Rhodes, John Harris, p 215:
- He recover'd Sixty Towns from the Rebellious Cossacks in the Ukrain [sic].
- 1699, The History of the Works of the Learned, or, an Impartial Account of Books Lately Printed in All Parts of Europe, v 1, R. Rhodes, p 733:
- [. . .] the Loss of all Ukrania to that Kingdom.
- 1709, Annals of the Universe, London: William Carter, p 298:
- The Sultan being desirous to return Home, and give this Proof of his invincible Mind, and the Success of his Arms; and the Poles on the other Hand being willing to purchase the Departure of their new Guests at any Rate, a Peace was concluded between them, Oct. 30. upon the following Terms, viz. That the King of Poland should quit all Claims to the Ukrain [sic], Podolia and Rusland.
- 1716, William Derham, Physico-Theology, or, a Demonstration of the Being and Attributes of God, From His Works of Creation: Being the Substance of Sixteen Sermons Preached in St. Mary-Le-Bow-Church, London; At the Honourable Mr. Boyle's Lectures, in the Years 1711, and 1712. With Large Notes, and Many Curious Observations, 4th ed., London: W. and J. Innys, p 213:
- [note] (76) They are admirable Instincts which the Sieur de Beauplau relates of his own Knowledge, of the little Animals called Bohaques in Ukraine. They make Burroughs like Rabbets, and in October shut themselves up, and do not come out again till April.––– [. . .] Beauplau's Description of Ukraine, in Vol. I. of the Collection of Voyages, &c.
- 1718, Mercurius Politicus: Being Monthly Observations, &c., London: J. Morphew, p 131:
- The Czar himself is in the Southermost part of his Empire, taking Care to put Things in a Posture of Defence, against the Incursions of the Tartars, who had made dreadful Ravages indeed in the Kingdom of Cassan, the Ukrain, Circastia, and those other Provinces of Muscovy, bordering upon the Wolga, and carried away an infinite Number of People.
- 1719, Samuel Puffendorf, Jodocus Crull transl., An Introduction to the History of the Principal Kingdoms and States of Europe, London: B. Took, Dan. Midwinter, and T. Ward, p 312:
- By this means that Tract of Land which from Bar, Bracklavia and Kiovia, extends it self betwixt the Two Rivers of the Dniester and the Borysthenes, as far as the Black-sea, was filled with populous Cities and Towns, and is now called the Ukraine, having been formerly a desolate Country.
- 1734, John Paul Marana, The Eight Volumes of Letters Writ by a Turkish Spy, Who Liv'd Five and Forty Years Undiscover'd at Paris, v 1, London: G. Strahan et al, p xxi:
- The Cossacks, with the Inhabitants of the Ukrain, gave him some Diversion, making violent Incursions into the Turkish Territories, and laying all waste where-ever they came.
- 1737, A New Geographical Dictionary, London: D. Midwinter:
- [s.v. Cossacks] they defended the Coun. so well, & thereby established themselves so strongly, that great Numbers of the neighbouring People joined themselves to them, & then they took the Name of Cossacks, fr. which Time it is called the Coun. of the Cossacks, or the Ukraine.
- [s.v. Ukraine] UKRAINE, is Part of Red Russia in Poland ; it contains Lo. Volhinia, or the Pal. of Braclaw : It is called Ukraine, which is in English, Frontier, being on the Frontiers of Lesser Tartary, Moscovy, Poland & Turky : V. Cossacks.
- UKRAINE, or OCRAINE, a Pro. of S. Moscovy, between those of Worotin, Rezan, Mordua & Lesser Tartary. It is inhabited by Tartars that have no Ts. nor even Houses, & that are Tributary to Moscovy.
- 1760, The Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure, v 27, London: J. Hinton:
- [p 249, heading] Of the Governments of Novogorod and Kiovia, or Ukrain [sic].
- [p 250] To the south of the province of Smolensko you find the province of Kiovia, which is the Little Russia, the Red Russia, or the Ukrain [sic], crossed by the Dnieper, which the Greeks call Boristhenes. [. . .] The Ukranians [sic], called Cossacs, are a collected body of ancient Roxelans, Sarmatians, and Tartars. [. . .] In going up to the north-east of the province of Kiovia, between the Boristhenes and Tanais, you find the government of Belgorod, as extensive as that of Kiovia: It is one of the most fertile provinces of Russia, furnishing Poland with prodigious numbers of large cattle, known by the name of Ukrain [sic] oxen.
- 1762, George Sale, Archibald Bower, George Shelvocke, John Campbell, John Swinton, An Universal History, From the Earliest Account of Time, v 35 (“The History of Russia”), London: T. Osborne et al:
- [p 19] The result of all was, that these Cosaks remained under the protection of Russia; and, as their former country wase entirely laid waste in the late wars, they settled in the Russian Ukraine, upon receiving formal assurances from the court of Russia, that no alteration should be made in their political constitution, and that no taxes whatever should be laid upon them.
- [p 20] The country of these Cosaks, who are an assemblage of ancient Roxelans, Sarmatians, and Tartars, is called the Ocraine or Ukraine.
- [p 20, note] The word Ocraine, or Ukraine, properly signifies a frontier.
- [p 22–23] A part of little Russia, inhabited by Cosaks, is one of the most fruitful provinces of this whole empire, and supplies Poland with prodigious quantities of black cattle, well known by the name of Ukraine oxen.
- [p 155] The Muscovite, Novogrodian, and Ukrainian dialects, are the most used in Russia, together with that of Archangel, which greatly resembles the Siberian.
- [p 190] The Livonians took Pleskow', and the Poles made themselves masters of Black Russia, the Ukraine, Podolia, and the city of Kiow.
- [p 443] As he had always flattered himself with the hopes of making the whole province of Ukraine declare in his favour, he crossed the Dezna, at some distance from Bathurin, and in the neighbourhood of the Dnieper; although he was encompassed by the Russian troops, part of whom pursued his rear-guard, while the rest were drawn up on the opposite side of the river, in order to obstruct his passage.
- [p 445] Such are the sentiments of humanity shewn by a king's confessor! but if the peasants of the Ukraine had been able to hang the regimented peasants of East-Gothland, who imagined they had a right to manch into so distant a country, in order to plunder those poor people of the few provisions, that were intended to keep their wives and children from starving, would not these Ukranians [sic] have had equal reason to extol their justice.
- 1764, Tobias George Smollett, The Critical Review, or, Annals of Literature, v 18, London: W. Simpkin and R. Marshall, p 300:
- We are told, that the Podolian and the Ukranian [sic] nitre is produced by an elixivation of earth and ashes, and the process is extremely curious.
- 1787, Johann Kaspar Riesbeck, Paul Henry Maty transl., Travels Through Germany, v 2, London: T. Cadell, p 131:
- The Tyrolese, Carinthians, Ukranians [sic], and Styrians, have as strong bodies as the Bohemians, but they are by no means as good soldiers as these, and without a doubt are the most wretched of all the Emperor's troops.
- 1798, “Original Anecdotes and Remains of Eminent Persons”, in The Monthly Magazine, v 5, n 27, London: R. Philips, p 202:
- Her agents consisted of three brothers of the name of Orloff, two of whom were soldiers; Passick and Bibikoff, two subalterns of the princess Daschkaw, who in the bosom of servitude had conceived some notions of a republic; of Count Panin, governor of the present emperor, who had imbibed favourable ideas of a limited monarchy, during an embassy to the court of Stockholm; and of Cyril Razoumoffsky, who from being a peasant of the Ukraine, had become commandant of the guards of Ishmailoff; and Hetman of the Cossacks of Little Russia.
- 1799, William Tooke, View of the Russian Empire During the Reign of Catharine the Second and to the Close of the Present Century, v 1, London: T.N. Longman and O. Rees, J. Debrett:
- [p 263] The ukrainian peasantry sow far more summer-grain, because the winter-sowing in their wet and snowless winters is apt to rot and so to render the harvest doubtful, which in the northern provinces is exactly the reverse. Instead of the light hook-plough, they use the large heavy ukrainian plough, and for the horse which in Russia is almost the only beast used for ploughing, here oxen are put to, of which sometimes eight are seen harnessed to one plough.
- [p 433–4] Thus, the nobility may send deputies: this the Ukrainians have long been accustomed to do, as also the Livonians and Esthonians: only of late, for the sake of preventing abuses, the form has been prescribed in which it is to be done.
- [p 505] There are three manufactories of paper in Mosco, and two-and-twenty others in various parts of the empire. Besides these there are (even in Siberia) a few others, which have either been lately erected, or, like the livonian and ukrainian, are not registered at the college of manufactures.
- 1803, Mary Hays, Female Biography, v 3, London: Richard Phillips:
- [p 129] Zavadoffsky, a young Ukrainian, was favoured in private with the smiles of the empress.
- [p 130] If the Ukrainer possessed the art of pleasing, Potemkin knew how to render himself useful; his talents, more analogous to the genius of Catherine, uninterruptedly preserved their ascendant.
- 1886, Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., v 21, p 80B:
- In western Russia, while an antipathy exists between Ukrainians and Poles, the Russian Government, by its harassing interference in religious, educational, and economical matters, has become antagonistic, not only to the Poles, but also to the Ukrainians; printing in Ukrainian is prohibited, and “Russification” is being carried on among Ukrainians by the same means as those employed in Poland.