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English citations of ghetto


area where Jews were concentrated under the force and colour of law[edit]

a quarter where Jews were confined in Europe pre-1930s[edit]
  • 1983, Steven E. Aschheim, Brothers and Strangers: : The East European Jew in German and German Jewish Consciousness, 1800-1923 (ISBN 0299091147), page 45:
    The Berlin ghetto reinforced the Germanness of German Jews and strengthened the stereotype of the Ostjude. Of course, the stereotype blurred a reality that was far more complex.
  • 1989, in Gardens and ghettos: the art of Jewish life in Italy (ISBN 0520068254), page 270:
    This mantle, which comes from the Sicilian Synagogue in the Roman ghetto, is the result of the recomposition of a suit, the parts of which were skillfully put together to form the mantle.
  • 2006, Stefanie Beth Siegmund, The Medici state and the ghetto of Florence: The construction of an early modern Jewish community (ISBN 0-8047-5078-5)
  • 2009, Barbara Engelking-Boni, Jacek Leociak, The Warsaw ghetto: a guide to the perished city (ISBN 0300112343), page 25:
    The Venetian ghetto, according to Sennett, was to provide protection from the unclean bodies of the Jews and their sullying touch. The Roman ghetto, on the other hand, was planned as an area for mission. It was supposed to collect the Jews in one place, so that it would be easier to convert them.
a quarter where Jews were confined in Europe during the 1930s and 1940s[edit]
  • 1998, Israel Gutman, Resistance: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (ISBN 0395901308)
  • 2001, Walter Laqueur, Judith Tydor Baumel, The Holocaust Encyclopedia (ISBN 0300084323), page 74:
    The elderly, who lived in appalling conditions in the Berlin ghetto, were ostensibly sold beds in a nursing home.
  • 2010, Mike Lindner, Leaving Terror Behind: A Boy's Journey to Painting Over the Past (ISBN 1615664149), page 49:
    [] concentrating the Jewish community into ghettoes. The Germans not only started the ghettoes, but they had also opened a concentration camp []

area where people (distinguished by ethnicity) concentrate or are concentrated[edit]

an Irish quarter in the US[edit]
  • 1998, Steven J. L. Taylor, Desegregation in Boston and Buffalo: The Influence of Local Leaders (ISBN 0791439194), page 15:
    Charlestown would also become one of Boston's three large Irish ghettoes.
a black quarter in the US[edit]
  • 1981, E. Victor Wolfenstein, The Victims of Democracy: Malcolm X and the Black Revolution (ISBN 0520039033), page 16:
    There are, after all, no ghetto rebellions without ghettoes. The great sin of the white liberals and Negro leaders was their attempt to ignore the ghettoes, to perpetuate the myth that freedom could be found north of the Mason-Dixon line.
  • 1998, Arnold R. Hirsch, Making the Second Ghetto: Race and Housing in Chicago, 1940-1960 (ISBN 0226342441), page 253:
    By 1960 the growth and development of Chicago's black areas of residence confirmed the existence of the city's second ghetto.

area where people (distinguished by something other than ethnicity) concentrate or are concentrated[edit]

gay ghetto: a gay quarter (region where gay people concentrate or are concentrated)[edit]
  • 2000, Michael Bronski, The Pleasure Principle: Sex, Backlash, and the Struggle for Gay Freedom, page 210:
    [] sidewalk use is an essential prerequisite for community safety, and nowhere was this more true than in the gay ghetto.
  • 2006, Gay tourism: culture and context (Gordon Waitt, Kevin Markwell, ISBN 0789016036), page 201:
    Counterhegemonic spaces imagined as bounded territories ensure that heteronormativity is fixed beyond the borders of the gay ghetto. The rural and suburban lives of lesbian and gay people are made invisible and signified as inauthentic.
  • 2001, Censored 2010: The Top 25 Censored Stories of 2008-09 (ISBN 1609800524), page 376:
    The film [Broken Hearts Club] depicts a complicated, multidimensional view of the gay ghetto, acknowledging its affirming and non-affirming qualities.
student ghetto: residential area close to a college or uni that houses mainly students[edit]
  • 2007, Romania & Moldova (Robert Reid, Leif Pettersen, ISBN 1741044782), page 190:
    The student ghetto, southwest of the centre, is inside the triangle formed by [three streets] and is full of open-air bars, internet cafés, fast-food shops — and students.
  • 2011, McGill University 2012: Off the Record (Kelly Baker, Robin Erskine-Levinson, ISBN 1427404933):
    It depends where you look - the student ghetto is overpriced for proximity, and the apartments aren't that great.
  • 2001, Justin Taylor, The Gospel of Anarchy: A Novel (ISBN 0061881821), page 64:
    They're back in the student ghetto now, on oak-shaded streets lined with run-down houses filled with nonnuclear families of all varieties and kinds. Safe now from the tractor beams of the horrible good Christians, []

figurative area of an isolated field of interest[edit]

science fiction ghetto[edit]
  • 1983, Rabkin, Eric S., Science Fiction: A Historical Anthology, Oxford University Press, ISBN 9780195032727, page 249:
    Abraham Merritt wrote for the pulps and never in his lifetime achieved critical success. Yet he had a devoted following in the science fiction ghetto who admired the clarity of his style and his power to evoke moods.
  • 2005, Harris-Fain, Darren, Understanding Contemporary American Science Fiction, University of South Carolina Press, ISBN 9781570035852, page 171:
    Since these writers desired to escape the science fiction ghetto, and since they employed more literary techniques than many American science fiction writers before them, why did they fail?
academic ghetto: of interest only to academics, not general society; an ivory tower[edit]
  • 2012, Blum, Andrew, Tubes: Behind the Scenes at the Internet, ISBN 9780670919000:
    Invent is undoubtedly the wrong word, but the push from government was crucial in getting the Internet out of its academic ghetto.
  • 2014, Hooks, Bell, Feminism Is for Everybody: Passionate Politics, Routledge, ISBN 9781317588375, page 22:
    Feminist theory began to be housed in an academic ghetto with little connection to a world outside.
  • 2014, Hooks, Bell, Feminism Is for Everybody: Passionate Politics, Routledge, ISBN 9781317588375, page 22:
    Stott may have left the evangelical ghetto, but he was joining a clerical and academic ghetto that had even fewer links to the wider culture.
musical ghetto: specialist sub-genres of music[edit]
  • 2016 January 10, Quentin Tarantino, 73rd Golden Globe Awards
    Ennio Morricone... is my favourite composer - and when I say favourite composer, I don't mean movie composer - that ghetto. I'm talking about Mozart, I'm talking about Beethoven, I'm talking about Schubert. That's who I'm talking about.


  • 1985, in Mainstreaming: feminist research for teaching religious studies (Arlene Swidler, Walter E. Conn), page 81:
    When we split the human molecule and relegated women to truncated personhood, we also ghettoed the qualities associated with woman. (A pedestal is a clean ghetto.)


of low quality; cheap; shabby, crude[edit]

  • 2005, Ramon Carrasco, Army Life: The First Four Months in My First Duty Station:
    I had not used very many minutes on my phone. Here we pay for our minutes prior to using them, and it gets expensive. I did not want her using up all my minutes. That was very ghetto and disrespectful.
  • 2007, Cora Daniels, Ghettonation: A Journey Into the Land of Bling and Home of the Shameless, page 11:
    In some kind of warped hometown loyalty, sometime during the conversation folks would stake their claim to owning the bottom. Philly is more ghetto than D.C. Or is it that DC. is more ghetto than Philly? Or Dallas (LA) is more ghetto than LA.
  • 2010, Deborah J. Hultin, WaitStress, page 115:
    One guest did not pay. One of my checks remained open. They bolted and hit the service door. A walkout. Very ghetto.
  • 2011, Taylor Goetz, 169 Pages Of My Life, page 61:
    It was like an awesome trip walking though the old house on Douglas, a lot had changed and my dad had it looking more ghetto than ever. He had a dog that he was watching while a buddy of his was in prison. It was a female Rottweiler

characteristic of the style, speech, or behavior of residents of a black or other ghetto in the United States[edit]

  • 2002, Russell Simmons, Life and Def: Sex, Drugs, Money, + God, page 26:
    The music I liked was very ghetto and gritty. It was the stuff that didn't really cross over much, but spoke to a roots black experience. People don't understand this now, but the falsetto, crying singers were the most ghetto back then.
  • 2007, S. L. Mitchell, Gypsy's Crossing:
    You're the one that grew up in the suburbs and you act way more ghetto than I do.” “I am not ghetto.” Val said in an English accent and broke out laughing.
  • 2005, Chester Kelly Robinson, The Strong Silent Type:
    I beat up my kid's principal. Can you get any more ghetto than that?
  • 2008, Mark Anthony, So Seductive, page 244:
    He wasn't lying because, truth be told, I looked a lot like Halle Berry, only I was much thicker in all the right places and I was way more ghetto than Halle. And I had the tattoos and the attitude to match.
  • 2010, Timothy Black, When a Heart Turns Rock Solid: The Lives of Three Puerto Rican Brothers On and Off the Streets, page 93:
    Oh yeah, we played the whole thing, I mean we was acting more ghetto than what we was. We was talking slangs and giving dabs every time we said so
  • 2010, T. S. Weatherspoon, The Promise, page 20:
    Kesha rang us up, and instructed another girl in the back to add extra food to the bag. "Your girl is kinda ghetto ain't she?" I asked when we left the store. "No more ghetto than anyone else around here" he replied,


ghetto : make (into or like) a ghetto[edit]

  • 2010, Joshua Ferris, The Unnamed (ISBN 0316034010):
    Eroded brick surfaces, dull and defaced, ghettoed the neighborhood. Wind picked up the trash. The chain-link fence to a barren lot was curled up at one corner like a pried-open sardine can.

ghetto : confine [blacks, Jews, etc] to a ghetto[edit]

  • 1964, James A. Atkins, The age of Jim Crow, page 274:
    This is, in brief, a part of the story of the ghettoing of a large segment of Denver's Negro population.
  • 2001, Paul Johnson, Modern Times Revised Edition: World from the Twenties to the Nineties (ISBN 0060935502), page 526:
    All African states practised racist policies. In the 1950s and 1960s, Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia expelled more than a quarter of a million Jews and ghettoed the few thousand who remained. In the 1960s the United Republic of Tanzania expelled its Arabs or deprived them of equal rights.
  • 1991, Nathan Miller, FDR, an intimate history (ISBN 0819180610), page 319:
    [] and in Germany, Adolf Hitler, voted absolute power by the Reichstag, had launched a rearmament program in violation of the Versailles Treaty and was ghettoing the nation's Jewish citizens.
  • 2008, someone, quoted by Patrick French, The World Is What It Is: The Authorized Biography of V. S. Naipaul (ISBN 1400044057), page 137:
    But, like me, he had the opportunity—to starve. He was ghettoed—in a sense more cruel than that in which Hitler ghettoed the Jews. But there was an element of rude honesty in the Nazi approach; and they at any rate killed swiftly.

ghetto : confine [Catholics, Protestants] (to a ghetto-like geographical area)[edit]

  • 1968, in the Parliamentary debates of the House of Commons, volumes 70-71, page 335:
    That might have been the case 40 years ago when the demarcation line, so to speak, was drawn by the police of that time—a line which ghettoed the people of Newry into two camps, a Catholic area and a Protestant area.

ghetto : confine [people of India] (to a ghetto-like non-geographical 'space')[edit]

  • 1961, Rajendra Singh, Far east in ferment, page 238:
    What the British gave with the right hand they stealthily took away with the left, by ghettoing the Indian Commissioned Officers to selected units where they could fight among themselves for securing the few places for promotion

ghetto : ??? (1)[edit]

  • 1966, in the Law in Transition quarterly, volume 3, page 42:
    The poor schooling, the "last hired, first fired" application of economics and the petty annoyances of curb-walking, sirring and ghettoing are precisely the personal affronts which cause emotional rather than reasoned choices.

ghetto : ??? (2) [blacks][edit]

  • 2001, Pauline Schloesser, The Fair Sex: White Women and Racial Patriarchy in the Early American Republic (ISBN 0814797636), page 36:
    The ghettoing of the black urban labor market combined with the segregated professional sector obviously marked a racial division of labor.

ghetto : to confine (or banish?) [something intangible] (?)[edit]

  • 1985, in Mainstreaming: feminist research for teaching religious studies (Arlene Swidler, Walter E. Conn), page 81:
    When we split the human molecule and relegated women to truncated personhood, we also ghettoed the qualities associated with woman. (A pedestal is a clean ghetto.)
  • 1986, in Films and Filming, issues 375-387, page 22:
    No one will be able to see everything (even if they wanted to) and Malcolm has continued his open-door policy of catering for all tastes (conventional and unconventional) and not ghettoing the films by region or genre.
  • 1991, in Kidz TV: an inquiry into children's and preschool children's television, volume 1, page 106:
    [] and the reason for choosing the 4.00 p.m.-5.00 p.m. time slot (based on premise that majority of audience are viewers within the C age range); the set C time has apparently had the effect of ‘ghettoing’ the 4.00 p.m.- 5.00 p.m. time slot.

ghetto up : make [a place] like a ghetto?[edit]

  • 2006, Miles Marshall Lewis, Bronx Biannual (ISBN 1933354046), page 33:
    The buses back home there seemed most useful in ghettoing up the whole town, and I don't mean that in a good way. Exhaust for days. Homeless, drunk muhfuckas. Just the whole unwieldiness of buses fucks me up like the worst parts of the hood.