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From Middle Welsh Lloegyr; further etymology unknown, with various disparate theories. See an in-depth analysis at this page at The Old North. TON claims Matasović (2009) presents the most plausible simple hypothesis, ultimately from Proto-Celtic *lāikor (warriors), from *lāiko- (warrior), from Proto-Indo-European *leh₂- (war), and cognate with Hittite 𒆷𒄴𒄩𒀸 (laḫḫa-, campaign), Ancient Greek λᾱός (lāós, army, folk).



Proper noun


Lloegr f

  1. England

Derived terms


See also



Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
Lloegr Loegr unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.


  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “Lloegr”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 234-5