Module:IPA/data

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This module provides a list of the languages that have pronunciation info pages, a list of nonstandard IPA symbols, and some lists of phonemes that are used in the phonemic transcriptions of particular languages. These lists are used by Module:IPA to link to pronunciation info pages, to categorize entries that use nonstandard IPA symbols using the nonstandard symbol as sortkey, and to color incorrect phonemic symbols red and categorize entries that use the incorrect phonemic symbols in language-specific categories.

For data associated with individual IPA symbols, see Module:IPA/data/symbols. For the table used by the function that converts X-SAMPA to IPA, see Module:IPA/data/X-SAMPA.

See also: Module:IPA/testcases

nonstandard

m.nonstandard

local data = {}

--[=[
This shoud list the language codes of all languages that have a pronunciation
page in the appendix of the form ''Appendix:LANG pronunciation'', e.g.
[[Appendix:Russian pronunciation]]. For these languages, the text "key" next to
the generated pronunciation links to such pages; for other languages, it links
to the "LANG phonology" page in Wikipedia (which may or may not exist).
[[Module:IPA]] is responsible for this linking; see format_IPA_full().
]=]
local langs_with_infopages = {
	"acw",
	"ady",
	"ang",
	"arc",
	"ba",
	"bg",
	"bo",
	"ca",
	"cho",
	"cmn",
	"cs",
	"cy",
	"da",
	"de",
	"dsb",
	"dz",
	"egl",
	"egy",
	"el",
	"en",
	"enm",
	"eo",
	"es",
	"fa",
	"fi",
	"fo",
	"fr",
	"fy",
	"ga",
	"gd",
	"gem-pro",
	"got",
	"he",
	"hi",
	"hu",
	"hy",
	"ii",
	"is",
	"it",
	"iu",
	"ja",
	"jbo",
	"ka",
	"kls",
	"ko",
	"kw",
	"la",
	"lb",
	"liv",
	"lt",
	"lv",
	"mdf",
	"mfe",
	"mic",
	"mk",
	"ms",
	"mt",
	"mul",
	"my",
	"nan",
	"nci",
	"nl",
	"nn",
	"no",
	"nov",
	"nv",
	"pjt",
	"pl",
	"ps",
	"pt",
	"ro",
	"ru",
	"scn",
	"sco",
	"sga",
	"sh",
	"sl",
	"sq",
	"sv",
	"sw",
	"syc",
	"th",
	"tl",
	"tr",
	"ug",
	"uk",
	"vi",
	"vo",
	"wlm",
	"yi",
	"yue",
}

data.langs_with_infopages = {}

-- Convert the list in `langs_with_infopages` to a set.
for _, langcode in ipairs(langs_with_infopages) do
	data.langs_with_infopages[langcode] = true
end

--[=[
This should list the diphthongs of a language (in the form of Lua patterns),
provided they do *NOT* contain semivowel symbols such as /j w ɰ ɥ/ or vowels
with nonsyllabic diacritics such as /i̯ u̯/. For example, list /au/ or /aʊ/,
but do not list /aw/ or /au̯/. The data in this table is used to count the
number of syllables in a word. [[Module:syllables]] automatically knows how
to correctly handle semivowel symbols and nonsyllabic diacritics.

Any language listed here will automatically have categories of the form
"LANG #-syllable words" generated. In addition, any language listed below under
`langs_to_generate_syllable_count_categories` will also have such categories
generated.

NOTE: There are some additional languages that have these categories.
For example:
* Spanish words have these categories added manually (FIXME, remove them and
  use the mechanism here).
* Thai words have these categories added by [[Module:th-pron]].
]=]
data.diphthongs = {
	["cs"] = { -- [[w:Czech phonology#Diphthongs]]
		"[aeo]u",
		},
	["de"] = {
		"a[ɪʊ]",
		"ɔ[ʏɪ]",
		},
	["en"] = { -- from [[Appendix:English pronunciation]] mostly, but /ʌɪ/ is from the OED
		"[aɑeɛoɔʌ][ɪi]",
		"[ɑɒæo]e",
		"[əɐ]ʉ",
		"[aɒəoɔʌ]ʊ",
		"æo",
		"[ɛeɪiɔʊʉ]ə",	-- /iə/ is a diphthong in NZE, but a disyllabic sequence in GA.
						-- /ɪə/ is both a disyllabic sequence and a diphthong in old-fashioned RP.
		"[aʌ][ʊɪ]ə",	-- May be a disyllabic sequence in some or all dialects?
		},
	["grc"] = {
		"[aeyo]i",
		"[ae]u",
		"[ɛɔa]ː[iu]",
		},
	["is"] = {			-- [[w:Icelandic phonology#Vowels]]
		"[aeø][iɪy]",	-- Wikipedia is oddly specific about the second element: ei and ai, but øɪ.
		"[ao]u",
		},
	["it"] = {
		"[aeɛoɔu]i",
		"[aeɛioɔ]u",
		},
	["la"] = {
		"[eaou]i",
		"[eao]u",
		"[ao]e",
		},
	["lb"] = {
		"[iu]ə",
		"[ɜoæɑ]ɪ",
		"[əæɑ]ʊ",
	},
}

--[=[
This should list any languages for which categories of the form
"LANG #-syllable words", e.g. [[:Category:Russian 3-syllable words]], should be
generated. Do not list languages here if they have an entry above under
`data.diphthongs`; such languages are automatically added to this list.
]=]
local langs_to_generate_syllable_count_categories = {
	"ca",	-- Catalan has diphthongs, but they are generally transcribed using
			-- /w/ and /j/, so do not need to be listed (see [[w:Catalan language#Diphthongs and triphthongs]].
	"fi",	-- Finnish has diphthongs, but they are now automatically transcribed with
			-- the nonsyllabic diacritic
	"fr",	-- French has diphthongs, but they are transcribed
			-- with semivowel symbols: [[w:French phonology#Glides and diphthongs]].
	"kmr",
	"ku",
	"ru",	-- No diphthongs, properly speaking; sequences of a vowel and /j/ though.
	"sk",	-- Slovak has rising diphthongs, /i̯e, i̯a, i̯u, u̯o/, which are probably always spelled with the nonsyllabic diacritic, so do not need to be listed.
	"sl",	-- No diphthongs, properly speaking; sequences of a vowel, /j/ and /w/ though
	"sq",	-- [[w:Albanian language#Vowels]] doesn't mention anything about diphthongs.
	"ug",	-- No diphthongs.
}

data.langs_to_generate_syllable_count_categories = {}

-- Convert the list in `langs_to_generate_syllable_count_categories` to a set.
for _, langcode in ipairs(langs_to_generate_syllable_count_categories) do
	data.langs_to_generate_syllable_count_categories[langcode] = true
end
-- Also add languages listed under `data.diphthongs`.
for langcode, _ in pairs(data.diphthongs) do
	data.langs_to_generate_syllable_count_categories[langcode] = true
end


-- Non-standard or obsolete IPA symbols.
data.nonstandard = {
	--[[	The following symbols consist of more than one character,
			so we can't put them in the line below.		]]
	"ɑ̢", "d̂", "t̂", "n̂", "l̂", "k̫", "ɔ̗", "ɔ̖",
	
	"[ʦʣʧʤʨʥ?ƍσƺƪƻƾƞᶀᶁᶂᶃᶄᶅᶆᶈᶇᶉᶊᶋƫᶌᶍᶎʓʆλƛłščžǰǧǯẋᵻᵿⱻʚ"
	.. "ɷωıȹȸ∅ØƥƭƈƙʠʇʗʖʞɩɼȣяɿʅʮʯᴀᴀᴇGRŒQȡȶȵȴKPT]"
}

-- See valid IPA characters at [[Module:IPA/data/symbols]].

data.phonemes = {}
data.phonemes["dz"] = {
	"m", "n", "ŋ",
	"p", "t", "ʈ", "k",
	"pʰ", "tʰ", "ʈʰ", "kʰ",
	"t͡s", "t͡ɕ",
	"t͡sʰ", "t͡ɕʰ",
	"w", "s", "z", "ɬ", "l", "r", "ɕ", "ʑ", "j", "h",
	"ɑ", "e", "i", "o", "u",
	"ɑː", "eː", "ɛː", "iː", "oː", "øː", "uː", "yː",
	"ɑ˥", "e˥", "i˥", "o˥", "u˥",
	"ɑː˥", "eː˥", "ɛː˥", "iː˥", "oː˥", "øː˥", "uː˥", "yː˥",
	"m˥", "n˥", "ŋ˥", "p˥", "k˥", "k̚˥", "w˥", "l˥", "r˥", "ɕ˥", "j˥", ")˥",
	"ɑ˩", "e˩", "i˩", "o˩", "u˩",
	"ɑː˩", "eː˩", "ɛː˩", "iː˩", "oː˩", "øː˩", "uː˩", "yː˩",
	"m˩", "n˩", "ŋ˩", "p˩", "k˩", "k̚˩", "w˩", "l˩", "r˩", "ɕ˩", "j˩", ")˩",
	".", ",", "-",
}
data.phonemes["eo"] = {
	"a", "b", "d", "d͡ʒ", "e", "f", "h", "i", "j", "k",
	"l", "m", "n", "o", "p", "r", "s", "t", "t͡s", "t͡ʃ",
	"u", "v", "w", "x", "z", "ɡ", "ʃ", "ʒ",
	"ˈ", ".", " ",
}
data.phonemes["hy"] = {
	"ɑ", "b", "ɡ", "d", "ɛ", "z", "ɛ", "ə", "tʰ", "ʒ", "i", "l", "χ", "t͡s",
	"k", "h", "d͡z", "ʁ", "t͡ʃ", "m", "j", "n", "ʃ", "ɔ", "t͡ʃʰ", "p", "d͡ʒ",
	"r", "s", "v", "t", "ɾ", "t͡sʰ", "v", "pʰ", "kʰ", "ɔ", "f", "ŋɡ", "ŋk",
	"ŋχ", "u", "ˈ", "ˌ", ".", " ", "ː",
}
data.phonemes["nl"] = {
	"m", "n", "ŋ",
	"p", "b", "t", "d", "k", "ɡ",
	"f", "v", "s", "z", "ʃ", "ʒ", "x", "ɣ", "ɦ",
	"ʋ", "l", "j", "r",
	"ɪ", "ʏ", "ɛ", "ə", "ɔ", "ɑ",
	"i", "iː", "y", "yː", "u", "uː", "eː", "øː", "oː", "ɛː", "œː", "ɔː", "aː",
	"ɛi̯", "œy̯", "ɔi̯", "ɑu̯", "ɑi̯",
	"iu̯", "yu̯", "ui̯", "eːu̯", "oːi̯", "aːi̯",
	"ˈ", "ˌ", ".", " ",
}

return data