Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ḱléwt

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Athematic root aorist of *ḱlew-.

Verb[edit]

*ḱléwt (perfective)[1][2][3][4]

  1. to hear

Inflection[edit]

Perfective, athematic
3rd singular *ḱlewt
3rd plural *ḱl̥wént
Active voice Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *ḱlēm *ḱlewoh₂ *ḱluyéh₁m̥
2nd singular *ḱlews *ḱlew, *ḱludʰí *ḱlewesi *ḱluyéh₁s
3rd singular *ḱlewt *ḱlewtu *ḱleweti *ḱluyéh₁t
1st dual *ḱluwé *ḱlewowos *ḱl̥wih₁wé
2nd dual *ḱlutóm *ḱlutóm *ḱlewetes *ḱl̥wih₁tóm
3rd dual *ḱlutā́m *ḱlutā́m *ḱlewetes *ḱl̥wih₁tā́m
1st plural *ḱlumé *ḱlewomos *ḱl̥wih₁mé
2nd plural *ḱluté *ḱluté *ḱlewete *ḱl̥wih₁té
3rd plural *ḱl̥wént *ḱl̥wéntu *ḱlewonti *ḱl̥wih₁ént
Participle *ḱl̥wónts
Middle voice Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *ḱluh₂é *ḱlewoh₂er *ḱl̥wih₁h₂é
2nd singular *ḱluth₂é *ḱlusó *ḱleweth₂er *ḱl̥wih₁th₂é
3rd singular *ḱlutó, *ḱl̥wó *? *ḱlewetor *ḱl̥wih₁tó, *ḱl̥wih₁ó
1st dual *ḱluwédʰh₂ *ḱlewowosdʰh₂ *ḱl̥wih₁wédʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *?
1st plural *ḱlumédʰh₂ *ḱlewomosdʰh₂ *ḱl̥wih₁médʰh₂
2nd plural *ḱludʰh₂wé *ḱludʰh₂wé *ḱlewedʰh₂we *ḱl̥wih₁dʰh₂wé
3rd plural *ḱluró, *ḱl̥wn̥tó *? *ḱleworor, *ḱlewontor *ḱl̥wih₁ró, *ḱl̥wih₁n̥tó
Participle *ḱl̥wm̥h₁nós

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*k̑leu̯-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 334-335
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*sluti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 455
  4. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*srau”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 356-357