Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰértis

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *bʰer- (to bear, carry) +‎ *-tis.

Noun[edit]

*bʰértis f

  1. the act of carrying, bearing

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, proterokinetic
singular
nominative *bʰértis
genitive *bʰr̥téys
singular dual plural
nominative *bʰértis *bʰértih₁(e) *bʰérteyes
vocative *bʰérti *bʰértih₁(e) *bʰérteyes
accusative *bʰértim *bʰértih₁(e) *bʰértims
genitive *bʰr̥téys *? *bʰr̥téyoHom
ablative *bʰr̥téys *? *bʰr̥tímos
dative *bʰr̥téyey *? *bʰr̥tímos
locative *bʰr̥téy, *bʰr̥tḗy *? *bʰr̥tísu
instrumental *bʰr̥tíh₁ *? *bʰr̥tíbʰi

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: բարդ (bard) (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *britis (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *burþiz (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *fortis[1]
    • Latin: fors (chance)
  • Indo-Iranian: *bʰr̥tíš

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) , “fors, -tis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 236