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This Proto-Algonquian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From the same Proto-Algic root as Yurok 'na-rpehl/ʔnerpel (my tooth) and Wiyot khàpt (your tooth).


*-piti, -piči, *-i·piti, *-i·piči

  1. tooth

Usage notes[edit]

  • This term was (and in child languages remains) inalienable; it had to be preceded by a personal prefix such as *ni·- (my), *ki·- (your (singular)), or *wi·- (his or her), as in *ni·piči (my tooth), *ki·piči (your tooth), *wi·piči (his or her tooth). For this reason, it is not clear if -i·- was part of the root.
  • č was an allophone of t before i, for which reason some sources give the reconstruction as -(i·)piči.


  • Abenaki: wibid, wipit (her or his tooth)
  • Arapaho: néíčiθ (my tooth)
  • Cree: nîpit / ᓃᐱᐟ (niipit, my tooth)
  • Fox: -îpichi (tooth)
  • Malecite-Passamaquoddy: -pit (tooth), as in nipit (my tooth), wipit (his tooth)
  • Massachusett: -pit (tooth), as in neepit (my tooth), weepit (his tooth)
  • Miami: niipiti, niipita (my tooth)
  • Mohegan-Pequot: -iput (tooth)
  • Ojibwe: biinaabide (she or he has clean teeth)
  • Quiripi: képut (teeth)
  • Unami: wipit (her or his tooth)


  • Siebert (1975)
  • Anthropological Linguistics (the journal of Indiana University's Department of Anthropology), volume 39, issue 1 (1997)
  • Nicholas Evans, Dying Words: Endangered Languages and What They Have to Tell Us