Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/ankus

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *n̥ḱ-ú-s ~ *n̥k-éw-s (dead; mortal).

Noun[edit]

*ankus m[1]

  1. death

Declension[edit]

Masculine/feminine u-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *ankus *ankū *ankowes
vocative *anku *ankū *ankūs
accusative *ankum *ankū *ankums
genitive *ankous *ankous *ankowom
dative *ankou *ankubom *ankubos
instrumental *ankū *ankubim *ankubis

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Brythonic: *ankow[2]
  • Old Irish: éc

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*anku-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 37
  2. ^ Schrijver, Peter C. H. (1995) Studies in British Celtic historical phonology (Leiden studies in Indo-European; 5), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 350: “*ank-ou̯-”