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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructions[edit]


Perhaps borrowed from Proto-North Caucasian *bVχc̣V, *bVc̣χV, (compare Lak бухца (buχca)), from *bVc̣V (young he-goat), or possibly from Proto-North Caucasian *bhä̆ƛ̣wĭ (small cattle) (compare Chechen бож (bož, he-goat), from Proto-Nakh *bɦoḳ́ (he-goat)).[1]



  1. buck, he-goat


This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

  • *bʰūǵ-o-s[2] or *bʰuHǵ-o-s
    • Armenian: *buco[3]
      • Old Armenian: բուծ (buc, lamb) (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian: *bʰuĵás[4] (see there for further descendants)
    • Thracian: *byzas (possibly attested in Thracian personal names Byzas, Byzes)
  • *bʰuǵ-k-o-s[5]


  1. ^ Witzel, Michael (2003) Linguistic Evidence for Cultural Exchange in Prehistoric Western Central Asia (Sino-Platonic Papers; 129)‎[1], Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations, page 21
  2. 2.0 2.1 Pokorny, Julius (1959), “*bhŭg̑o-s 'buck, he-goat'”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 161
  3. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “buc”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 193
  4. ^ Rastorgujeva, V. S.; Edelʹman, D. I. (2007), “*būźa-, *būźā-”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume III, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 191-192
  5. 5.0 5.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*bukko-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 83
  6. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*bukka(n)-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 82