Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/dédeh₃ti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Athematic e-reduplicated verb of the root *deh₃- (to give).

Verb[edit]

*dédeh₃ti (imperfective)[1]

  1. to be giving

Inflection[edit]

Imperfective, athematic
3rd singular *dédeh₃ti
3rd plural *dédh₃n̥ti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *dédeh₃mi *dédeh₃m̥ *dédeh₃oh₂ *dédh₃yeh₁m̥
2nd singular *dédeh₃si *dédeh₃s *dédeh₃, *dédh₃dʰi *dédeh₃esi *dédh₃yeh₁s
3rd singular *dédeh₃ti *dédeh₃t *dédeh₃tu *dédeh₃eti *dédh₃yeh₁t
1st dual *dédh₃wos *dédh₃we *dédeh₃owos *dédh₃ih₁we
2nd dual *dédh₃tes *dédh₃tom *dédh₃tom *dédeh₃etes *dédh₃ih₁tom
3rd dual *dédh₃tes *dédh₃tām *dédh₃tām *dédeh₃etes *dédh₃ih₁tām
1st plural *dédh₃mos *dédh₃me *dédeh₃omos *dédh₃ih₁me
2nd plural *dédh₃te *dédh₃te *dédh₃te *dédeh₃ete *dédh₃ih₁te
3rd plural *dédh₃n̥ti *dédh₃n̥t *dédh₃n̥tu *dédeh₃onti *dédh₃ih₁n̥t
Participle *dédh₃n̥ts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *dédh₃h₂er *dédh₃h₂e *dédeh₃oh₂er *dédh₃ih₁h₂e
2nd singular *dédh₃th₂er *dédh₃th₂e *dédh₃so *dédeh₃eth₂er *dédh₃ih₁th₂e
3rd singular *dédh₃tor, *dédh₃or *dédh₃to, *dédh₃o *? *dédeh₃etor *dédh₃ih₁to, *dédh₃ih₁o
1st dual *dédh₃wosdʰh₂ *dédh₃wedʰh₂ *dédeh₃owosdʰh₂ *dédh₃ih₁wedʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *dédh₃mosdʰh₂ *dédh₃medʰh₂ *dédeh₃omosdʰh₂ *dédh₃ih₁medʰh₂
2nd plural *dédh₃dʰh₂we *dédh₃dʰh₂we *dédh₃dʰh₂we *dédeh₃edʰh₂we *dédh₃ih₁dʰh₂we
3rd plural *dédh₃ror, *dédh₃n̥tor *dédh₃ro, *dédh₃n̥to *? *dédeh₃oror, *dédeh₃ontor *dédh₃ih₁ro, *dédh₃ih₁n̥to
Participle *dédh₃m̥h₁nos

Descendants[edit]

  • Balto-Slavic: *dṓˀtei
    • Latvian: dot
    • Lithuanian: duoti
    • Slavic: *dati (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic:
  • Indo-Iranian: *dádaHti (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *didō (see there for further descendants)
    • Latin: (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill