Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁n̥gʷnís

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Noun[edit]

*h₁n̥gʷnís m

  1. fire

Usage notes[edit]

Two terms for "fire" are reconstructible for Proto-Indo-European: *h₁n̥gʷnis and *péh₂wr̥. They are usually considered in semantic opposition. The first term is usually masculine and refers to fire as something animate and active (compare Agni, the most prominent Old Indic deity), whereas the second term is neuter and refers to fire as something inanimate and passive, i.e. as a substance.

Inflection[edit]

Athematic
singular
nominative *h₁n̥gʷnís
genitive *h₁n̥gʷnéys
singular dual plural
nominative *h₁n̥gʷnís *h₁n̥gʷníh₁(e) *h₁n̥gʷnéyes
vocative *h₁n̥gʷní *h₁n̥gʷníh₁(e) *h₁n̥gʷnéyes
accusative *h₁n̥gʷním *h₁n̥gʷníh₁(e) *h₁n̥gʷníms
genitive *h₁n̥gʷnéys *? *h₁n̥gʷnéyoHom
ablative *h₁n̥gʷnéys *? *h₁n̥gʷnéymos
dative *h₁n̥gʷnéyey *? *h₁n̥gʷnéymos
locative *h₁n̥gʷnéy, *h₁n̥gʷnḗy *? *h₁n̥gʷnéysu
instrumental *h₁n̥gʷnéyh₁ *? *h₁n̥gʷnéybʰi

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Balto-Slavic: *ugnis (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *Hagníš
    • Indo-Aryan: *Hagníṣ (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *əngʷnis
    • Latin: ignis (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]