Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₃émōs

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Noun[edit]

*h₃émōs m[1]

  1. shoulder

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, amphikinetic
singular
nominative *h₃émōs
genitive *h₃m̥sés
singular dual plural
nominative *h₃émōs *h₃émosh₁(e) *h₃émoses
vocative *h₃émos *h₃émosh₁(e) *h₃émoses
accusative *h₃émosm̥ *h₃émosh₁(e) *h₃émosn̥s
genitive *h₃m̥sés *? *h₃m̥sóHom
ablative *h₃m̥sés *? *h₃m̥smós
dative *h₃m̥séy *? *h₃m̥smós
locative *h₃més, *h₃mési *? *h₃m̥sú
instrumental *h₃m̥séh₁ *? *h₃m̥sbʰí

Descendants[edit]

Generally thematicised as *h₃ém-s-o-s, but as *h₃ém-es-o-s in Italic.

  • Armenian: [Term?]
  • Germanic: *amsaz (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: [Term?]
  • Italic: *omezos
    • Latin: umerus (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *Hámsas (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill