es

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

es

  1. (radio slang) a synonym for "and"
    WX HR COLD ES RAINY
    The weather here is cold & rainy.

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

es (plural esses)

  1. Alternative form of ess (letter 's')

Etymology 2[edit]

e +‎ -s.

Noun[edit]

es

  1. plural of e
Usage notes[edit]
  • There is some difference of opinion regarding the use of apostrophes in the pluralization of references to letters as symbols. New Fowler's Modern English Usage, after noting that the usage has changed, states on page 602 that "after letters an apostrophe is obligatory." The 15th edition of The Chicago Manual of Style states in paragraph 7.16, "To avoid confusion, lowercase letters ... form the plural with an apostrophe and an s". The Oxford Style Manual on page 116 advocates the use of common sense.

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

es (be)

  1. Eye dialect spelling of is.

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch est, variant of eest, from Middle Dutch eeste (also este).

Noun[edit]

es (plural esse)

  1. fireplace
    Synonym: vuurherd

Alemannic German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Zurich) IPA(key): /əs/, /ɛs/

Etymology 1[edit]

Article[edit]

es n

  1. neuter of en: a/an
    • 1978, Rolf Lyssy & Christa Maerker, Die Schweizermacher (transcript):
      Das isch September vor eme Jar gsi.
Declension[edit]
Declension of en
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative/accusative en e es -
dative emene enere emene -
  • Short forms of the dative – eme, ere, eme – are also common.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle High German ëʒ, from Old High German , from Proto-Germanic *it. Cognate with German es.

Pronoun[edit]

es n

  1. (personal) it

Declension[edit]


Aragonese[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. them (masculine direct object)

Synonyms[edit]


Arin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔes (God, sky). Compare Kott ēš, (God, sky), Assan aš-parán (sky); ös, (God); öš, (God, sky) and Pumpokol (sky).

Noun[edit]

es

  1. God
  2. sky

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin exeō. Compare Daco-Romanian ieși, ies.

Verb[edit]

es (third-person singular present indicative easi or ease, past participle ishitã)

  1. I leave, exit, go out.
  2. (of the sun, moon) rise
  3. (figuratively) I defecate.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Assan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔes (God, sky). Compare Kott ēš, (God, sky), Arin (God, sky) and Pumpokol (sky).

Noun[edit]

es

  1. God

Synonyms[edit]


Bavarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

es pl (second-person nominative)

  1. you (plural, familiar)

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin

Pronoun[edit]

es (proclitic, contracted s', enclitic se, contracted enclitic 's)

  1. himself, herself, itself (direct or indirect object)
  2. oneself (direct or indirect object)
  3. themselves (direct or indirect object)
  4. each other (direct or indirect object)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin ipse.

Alternative forms[edit]

Article[edit]

es m sg (feminine sa, masculine plural es, masculine plural sos, feminine plural ses)

  1. (Balearics) the
Usage notes[edit]
  • In Balearic Catalan, es contrasts with el as an obviative article, but is often used in first instance.

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

es

  1. plural of e

Further reading[edit]


Cimbrian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German ëz, iz, from Old High German iz, from Proto-West Germanic *it, from Proto-Germanic *it, nominative/accusative singular neuter of *iz. Cognate with German es.

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. (Sette Comuni) it

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • “es” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Czech[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

es n

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S.
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

es

  1. genitive singular of eso
  2. nominative plural of eso
  3. accusative plural of eso
  4. vocative plural of eso

Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

es n (singular definite esset, plural indefinite esser)

  1. (card games) ace
    Jeg har alle esserne.
    I have all the aces.

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch essche, from Old Dutch *aska, from Proto-Germanic *askaz, *askiz (compare West Frisian esk, English ash, German Esche, Danish ask), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃osk- (compare Welsh onnen, Latin ornus (wild mountain ash), Lithuanian úosis, Russian ясень (jasenʹ), Albanian ah (beech), Ancient Greek ὀξύα (oxúa, beech), Old Armenian հացի (hacʿi)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: es
  • Rhymes: -ɛs

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

es m (plural essen, diminutive esje n)

  1. ash, ash tree

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

es m (plural essen, diminutive esje n)

  1. (music) E-flat

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /əs/
  • Hyphenation: es

Adverb[edit]

es

  1. (informal, dialectal) Alternative form of eens (once)
    Kom es hierCome over here (for a second).

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle Dutch esche. Confer German Esch. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

es m (plural essen, diminutive esje n)

  1. A tract of open, often raised agricultural land near or surrounding a village or hamlet.
    Synonym: enk
Alternative forms[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈes/, [ˈe̞s̠]
  • Rhymes: -es
  • Syllabification: es

Noun[edit]

es

  1. (music) E-flat

Usage notes[edit]

Capitalized for the great octave or any octave below that, or in names of major keys; not capitalized for the small octave or any octave above that, or in names of minor keys.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of es (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative es esit
genitive esin esien
partitive esiä esejä
illative esiin eseihin
singular plural
nominative es esit
accusative nom. es esit
gen. esin
genitive esin esien
partitive esiä esejä
inessive esissä eseissä
elative esistä eseistä
illative esiin eseihin
adessive esillä eseillä
ablative esiltä eseiltä
allative esille eseille
essive esinä eseinä
translative esiksi eseiksi
instructive esein
abessive esittä eseittä
comitative eseineen
Possessive forms of es (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person esini esimme
2nd person esisi esinne
3rd person esinsä

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. second-person singular present indicative of être

Anagrams[edit]


Fuyug[edit]

Noun[edit]

es (plural esing)

  1. child

References[edit]

  • Robert L. Bradshaw, Fuyug grammar sketch (2007)

Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. second-person singular present indicative of ser

German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • 's (chiefly informal or poetic)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German ëz, from Old High German iz, from Proto-Germanic *it. Compare English his.

Pronoun[edit]

es n

  1. it (referring to things)
    Wo ist das Buch? Es liegt auf dem Tisch.
    Where's the book? It’s on the table.
  2. he (with reference to male creatures, people etc. that are grammatically neuter)
  3. she (with reference to female creatures, people etc. that are grammatically neuter)
    • 1952, Marie Luise Kaschnitz, ‘Das Dicke Kind’:
      Das Kind sagte nichts und sah mich mit seinen kühlen Augen an. Dann war es fort.
      The child said nothing and looked at me with her cold eyes. Then she was gone.
  4. (for impersonal verbs) it
    Es regnet.
    It’s raining.
Usage notes[edit]
  • In the colloquial speech of some areas, this pronoun is fully replaced with the demonstrative pronoun das, with which it shares the unstressed reduction /s/. This reflects a similar development for sie/die, but predates it.
  • In a small and closed set of phrases, es continues a Middle High German es which was the genitive of ez: Ich bin es müde ‘I am tired of it’.
Inflection[edit]

1Often capitalized, especially in letters

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Article[edit]

es n

  1. (regional, colloquial) Alternative form of das
    Soll ich es Fenster zumachen?
    Should I close the window?
Usage notes[edit]
  • The contracted form 's is more common, but es is also frequently heard.

Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese este. Cognates with Kabuverdianu es.

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. this

Hunsrik[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. it

Inflection[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

es n (genitive singular ess, nominative plural es)

  1. (music) E flat

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

By assimilation with  English isFrench esItalian essereSpanish es.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. Apocopic form of esas
    Me es hike pro ke lu volis lo.I am here because he wanted me here.

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch ijs, from Middle Dutch ijs, from Old Dutch *īs, from Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eyH-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛs/
  • Hyphenation: ès

Noun[edit]

ès (plural, first-person possessive esku, second-person possessive esmu, third-person possessive esnya)

  1. ice

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ais (Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore)

Further reading[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. present indicative of esser: is, are, am

Kabuverdianu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Portuguese eles.

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. they

Etymology 2[edit]

From Portuguese este.

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. this

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

es f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter S.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Multiple Latin names for the letter S, s have been suggested. The most common is es or a syllabic s, although there is some evidence which also supports, as names for the letter, , sss, əs, , and even (in the fourth- or fifth-century first Antinoë papyrus, which gives Greek transliterations of the Latin names of the Roman alphabet’s letters) ισσε (isse).
Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • es in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) what country do you come from: cuias es
    • (ambiguous) how old are you: quot annos natus es?
    • (ambiguous) how old are you: qua aetate es?
    • (ambiguous) are you in your right mind: satin (= satisne) sanus es?
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), especially pages 30–31, 42–44, and 63

Etymology 2[edit]

Form of the verb sum (am).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. second-person singular present active indicative of sum
  2. second-person singular present active imperative of sum

Quotations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Form of the verb edō (I eat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ēs

  1. second-person singular present active indicative of edō
  2. second-person singular present active imperative of edō
Synonyms[edit]

Latvian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *ež, from Proto-Indo-European *eǵ (from *éǵh₂). The non-nominative forms derive from Proto-Indo-European dependent stem *me- (the a instead of e in the Baltic languages appears to result from Iranian influence): reduplicated *me-me-*meneProto-Baltic genitive/accusative *mane*manen (by analogy with other accusatives) → *manens (by analogy with other genitives) → genitive manis, while *manen → accusative mani. Dative man comes from an older *mani. Instrumental variant manim imitates the nominal i-stem paradigm. Cognates include Lithuanian (archaic ), Old Prussian es, as, Sudovian as, Proto-Slavic *(j)azъ (Old Church Slavonic азъ (azŭ), Old East Slavic ꙗзъ (jazŭ), Belarusian, Ukrainian, Russian я (ja), Bulgarian аз (az), Czech (from jaz), Polish ja (from jaz)), Proto-Germanic *ekan, *ek (Gothic 𐌹𐌺 (ik), Old Norse ek, Old High German ih, German ich, Old English ic, English I), Hittite uk, Sanskrit अहम् (ahám), Avestan 𐬀𐬰𐬆𐬨(azəm), Ancient Greek ἐγώ (egṓ), Latin ego, Ossetian ӕз (æz).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Pronoun[edit]

es (personal, 1st person singular)

  1. I; first person pronoun, referring to the speaker
    Es te dzīvoju.I live here.
    Viņš mani sastapa ceļā.He met me on the road.
    Atnāc pie manis!Come to me (to my place)!
    Nāc ar mani dejot!Come dance with me!
    Man nav laiks.I don't have time. (lit. There is no time to me.)
Usage notes[edit]

The form mans is a possessive pronoun ('my'), while manis is a true genitive form ('of me'). The dative form manim is used only optionally, with prepositions.

Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]


Noun[edit]

es m (invariable)

  1. I, ego (the essence of a person)
    mans esmy I, my ego
    Runātājs izcēla savu es.The speaker highlighted his I, his ego.
    Briesmīgi nezināt nekā un just tikai sevi, savu es.It is terrible to know and feel nothing except oneself, one's I.
    Cilvēks var pierādīt savu vērtību, apliecināt savu “es” tikai darbā.A person can prove their worth, testify their “I”, only in (their) work.

Etymology 2[edit]

A cross-linguistically frequent way of naming this sound, and the respective letter.

Noun[edit]

es m (invariable)

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter S/s.
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “es”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Middle Dutch[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. genitive of hi
  2. genitive of het

Verb[edit]

es

  1. Alternative form of is; third-person singular present indicative of wēsen

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Determiner[edit]

es

  1. Alternative form of his

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. Alternative form of his

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. Alternative form of heo

References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old English is.

Verb[edit]

es

  1. Alternative form of is (is)

Middle French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Old French es ("[you] are").

Verb[edit]

es

  1. second-person singular present indicative of estre

Etymology 2[edit]

Old French es ("in the").

Contraction[edit]

es

  1. Contraction of en + les (in the (plural)).

Middle Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

es f

  1. stoat, weasel

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: eas

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
es unchanged n-es
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. present tense of asa and ase (to swell, ferment)

Novial[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. be/am/is/are
  2. (auxiliary) Used with a passive participle of a verb in order to denote that verb's passive voice, specifically the "passive of being" voice.

See also[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. third-person singular present indicative of èsser

Ojibwe[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Algonquian *e·hsa.

Noun[edit]

es (plural esag)

  1. shell (2)
  2. oyster

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Contraction of en les.

Preposition[edit]

es

  1. in the
    • 1377, Bernard de Gordon, Fleur de lis de medecine (a.k.a. lilium medicine), page 186 of this essay:
      l'autre partie va es muscules
      the other part goes into the muscles

Descendants[edit]

  • French: ès (archaic)

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ess (theoretically available for all senses; attested in only some)

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

es (gender unknown)

  1. the letter s

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

es (gender unknown)

  1. death

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

es (gender unknown)

  1. food

Etymology 4[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

es (gender unknown)

  1. ox

Etymology 5[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. Alternative spelling of as: third-person singular masculine of a

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
es unchanged n-es
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Pennsylvania German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare German es, Dutch het, English it.

Article[edit]

es n (definite, nominative)

  1. the

Pronoun[edit]

es n

  1. it

Romagnol[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin esse, present active infinitive of sum.

Verb[edit]

es

  1. to be
  2. (auxiliary, used to form composite past tense of many intransitive verbs) to have (done something).

Sawi[edit]

Interjection[edit]

es

  1. at once
    Uvur haramavimaken, du famud, es! — The tide is about to turn; cook the sago at once![1]
  2. enough

References[edit]

  1. ^ Don Richardson, Peace Child.

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin est, from Proto-Italic *est, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti. Cognate with Sanskrit अस्ति (ásti), English is.

Verb[edit]

es

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of ser.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of ser; (he/she/it/one) is

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

es

  1. plural of e

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. (colloquial) first-person singular preterite of mynd

Synonyms[edit]