es

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

es

  1. (radio slang) a synonym for "and"
    WX HR COLD ES RAINY
    The weather here is cold & rainy.

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

es (plural esses)

  1. Alternative form of ess (letter 's') in compounds such as "es-hook".

Etymology 2[edit]

e +‎ -s.

Noun[edit]

es

  1. plural of e
Usage notes[edit]
  • There is some difference of opinion regarding the use of apostrophes in the pluralization of references to letters as symbols. New Fowler's Modern English Usage, after noting that the usage has changed, states on page 602 that "after letters an apostrophe is obligatory." The 15th edition of The Chicago Manual of Style states in paragraph 7.16, "To avoid confusion, lowercase letters ... form the plural with an apostrophe and an s". The Oxford Style Manual on page 116 advocates the use of common sense.

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

es (be)

  1. Pronunciation spelling of is.

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch est, variant of eest, from Middle Dutch eeste (also este).

Noun[edit]

es (plural esse)

  1. fireplace
    Synonym: vuurherd

Alemannic German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Zurich) IPA(key): /əs/, /ɛs/

Etymology 1[edit]

Article[edit]

es n

  1. neuter of en: a/an
    • 1978, Rolf Lyssy & Christa Maerker, Die Schweizermacher (transcript):
      Das isch September vor eme Jar gsi.
Declension[edit]
Declension of en
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative/accusative en e es -
dative emene enere emene -
  • Short forms of the dative – eme, ere, eme – are also common.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle High German ëʒ, from Old High German , from Proto-Germanic *it. Cognate with German es.

Pronoun[edit]

es n

  1. (personal) it

Declension[edit]


Aragonese[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. them (masculine direct object)

Synonyms[edit]


Arin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔes (God, sky). Compare Kott ēš, (God, sky), Assan aš-parán (sky); ös, (God); öš, (God, sky) and Pumpokol (sky).

Noun[edit]

es

  1. God
  2. sky

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin exeō. Compare Daco-Romanian ieși, ies.

Verb[edit]

es (third-person singular present indicative easi or ease, past participle ishitã)

  1. I leave, exit, go out.
  2. (of the sun, moon) rise
  3. (figuratively) I defecate.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Assan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔes (God, sky). Compare Kott ēš, (God, sky), Arin (God, sky) and Pumpokol (sky).

Noun[edit]

es

  1. God

Synonyms[edit]


Bavarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

es pl (second-person nominative)

  1. you (plural, familiar)

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin

Pronoun[edit]

es (proclitic, contracted s', enclitic se, contracted enclitic 's)

  1. himself, herself, itself (direct or indirect object)
  2. oneself (direct or indirect object)
  3. themselves (direct or indirect object)
  4. each other (direct or indirect object)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin ipse.

Alternative forms[edit]

Article[edit]

es m sg (feminine sa, masculine plural es, masculine plural sos, feminine plural ses)

  1. (Balearics) the
Usage notes[edit]
  • In Balearic Catalan, es contrasts with el as an obviative article, but is often used in first instance.

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

es

  1. plural of e

Further reading[edit]


Cimbrian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German ëz, iz, from Old High German iz, from Proto-West Germanic *it, from Proto-Germanic *it, nominative/accusative singular neuter of *iz. Cognate with German es.

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. (Sette Comuni) it

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • “es” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Czech[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

es n

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S.
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

es

  1. genitive singular of eso
  2. nominative plural of eso
  3. accusative plural of eso
  4. vocative plural of eso

Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

es n (singular definite esset, plural indefinite esser)

  1. (card games) ace
    Jeg har alle esserne.
    I have all the aces.

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch essche, from Old Dutch *aska, from Proto-Germanic *askaz, *askiz (compare West Frisian esk, English ash, German Esche, Danish ask), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃osk- (compare Welsh onnen, Latin ornus (wild mountain ash), Lithuanian úosis, Russian ясень (jasenʹ), Albanian ah (beech), Ancient Greek ὀξύα (oxúa, beech), Old Armenian հացի (hacʿi)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: es
  • Rhymes: -ɛs

Noun[edit]

es m (plural essen, diminutive esje n)

  1. ash, ash tree, Fraxinus excelsior
  2. ash, any tree of the genus Fraxinus
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

es m (plural essen, diminutive esje n)

  1. (music) E-flat

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /əs/
  • Hyphenation: es

Adverb[edit]

es

  1. (informal, dialectal) Alternative form of eens (once)
    Kom es hierCome over here (for a second).

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle Dutch esche. Compare German Esch. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

es m (plural essen, diminutive esje n)

  1. A tract of open, often raised agricultural land near or surrounding a village or hamlet.
    Synonym: enk
Alternative forms[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Es (German key notation).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈes/, [ˈe̞s̠]
  • Rhymes: -es
  • Syllabification: es

Noun[edit]

es

  1. (music) E-flat

Usage notes[edit]

Capitalized for the great octave or any octave below that, or in names of major keys; not capitalized for the small octave or any octave above that, or in names of minor keys.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of es (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative es esit
genitive esin esien
partitive esiä esejä
illative esiin eseihin
singular plural
nominative es esit
accusative nom. es esit
gen. esin
genitive esin esien
partitive esiä esejä
inessive esissä eseissä
elative esistä eseistä
illative esiin eseihin
adessive esillä eseillä
ablative esiltä eseiltä
allative esille eseille
essive esinä eseinä
translative esiksi eseiksi
instructive esein
abessive esittä eseittä
comitative eseineen
Possessive forms of es (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person esini esimme
2nd person esisi esinne
3rd person esinsä

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. second-person singular present indicative of être

Anagrams[edit]


Fuyug[edit]

Noun[edit]

es (plural esing)

  1. child

References[edit]

  • Robert L. Bradshaw, Fuyug grammar sketch (2007)

Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. second-person singular present indicative of ser

German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • 's (chiefly informal or poetic)
  • -'s

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German ëz, from Old High German iz, from Proto-Germanic *it. Compare English his.

Pronoun[edit]

es n

  1. The third-person singular personal pronoun used to refer neuter nouns in the nominative and accusative casesit (referring to things), he or him (with reference to male creatures, people etc. that are grammatically neuter), or she or her (with reference to female creatures, people etc. that are grammatically neuter)
    Wo ist das Buch? Es liegt auf dem Tisch.
    Where's the book? It’s on the table.
    Wo ist das Baby? Ich habe es.
    Where is the baby? I have him/her.
    Wie farbig ist das Pferd? Es ist weiß.
    What color is the horse? He/she is white.
    • 1952, Marie Luise Kaschnitz, ‘Das dicke Kind’:
      Das Kind sagte nichts und sah mich mit seinen kühlen Augen an. Dann war es fort.
      The child said nothing and looked at me with her cold eyes. Then she was gone.
  2. Impersonal pronoun used to refer to statements, activities, the environment etc., or as a placeholder/dummy pronounit
    Sie begann zu laufen, und ich tat es auch.
    She started to run, and so did I.
    Es war einmal eine schöne Prinzessin.
    There was once a beautiful princess.
    Es ist gut zu leben!
    It's good to be alive!
    Es regnet.
    It’s raining.
    Es ist sicher, dass morgen die Sonne scheinen wird.
    It's certain that the sun will shine tomorrow.
    Wie geht es dir?
    How are you doing?
    Ich bin es, Michael.
    It's me, Michael.
Usage notes[edit]
  • As a pronoun referring to people who are grammatically neutral, it is sometimes considered old-fashioned or dated to insist on using the neutral es instead of er/sie, especially for Mädchen, in spoken language, and when there is a large distance between when the person is introduced and when the corresponding pronoun is used.
  • In a small and closed set of phrases, es continues a Middle High German ës which was the genitive of ëz: Ich bin es müde ‘I am tired of it’.
  • In the colloquial speech of some areas, this pronoun is fully replaced with the demonstrative pronoun das, with which it shares the unstressed reduction /s/. This reflects a similar development for sie/die, but predates it.
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Article[edit]

es n

  1. (regional, colloquial) Alternative form of das
    Soll ich es Fenster zumachen?
    Should I close the window?
Usage notes[edit]
  • The contracted form 's is more common, but es is also frequently heard.

Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese este. Cognate with Kabuverdianu es.

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. this

Hunsrik[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. it

Inflection[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

es n (genitive singular ess, nominative plural es)

  1. (music) E flat

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

By assimilation with  English isFrench esItalian essereSpanish es.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. Apocopic form of esas
    Me es hike pro ke lu volis lo.I am here because he wanted me here.

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch ijs, from Middle Dutch ijs, from Old Dutch *īs, from Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eyH-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛs/
  • Hyphenation: ès

Noun[edit]

ès (plural, first-person possessive esku, second-person possessive esmu, third-person possessive esnya)

  1. ice

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ais (Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore)

Further reading[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. present indicative of esser: is, are, am

Kabuverdianu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Portuguese eles.

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. they

Etymology 2[edit]

From Portuguese este.

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. this

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

es f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter S.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Multiple Latin names for the letter S, s have been suggested. The most common is es or a syllabic s, although there is some evidence which also supports, as names for the letter, , sss, əs, , and even (in the fourth- or fifth-century first Antinoë papyrus, which gives Greek transliterations of the Latin names of the Roman alphabet’s letters) ισσε (isse).
Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • es in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) what country do you come from: cuias es
    • (ambiguous) how old are you: quot annos natus es?
    • (ambiguous) how old are you: qua aetate es?
    • (ambiguous) are you in your right mind: satin (= satisne) sanus es?
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), especially pages 30–31, 42–44, and 63

Etymology 2[edit]

Form of the verb sum (am).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. second-person singular present active indicative of sum
  2. second-person singular present active imperative of sum

Quotations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Form of the verb edō (I eat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ēs

  1. second-person singular present active indicative of edō
  2. second-person singular present active imperative of edō
Synonyms[edit]

Latvian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *ēź-, from Proto-Indo-European *eǵ (from *éǵh₂). The non-nominative forms derive from Proto-Indo-European dependent stem *me- (the a instead of e in the Baltic languages appears to result from Iranian influence): reduplicated *me-me-*meneProto-Baltic genitive/accusative *mane*manen (by analogy with other accusatives) → *manens (by analogy with other genitives) → genitive manis, while *manen → accusative mani. Dative man comes from an older *mani. Instrumental variant manim imitates the nominal i-stem paradigm. Cognates include Lithuanian (archaic ), Old Prussian es, as, Sudovian as, Proto-Slavic *(j)azъ (Old Church Slavonic азъ (azŭ), Old East Slavic ꙗзъ (jazŭ), Belarusian, Ukrainian, Russian я (ja), Bulgarian аз (az), Czech (from jaz), Polish ja (from jaz)), Proto-Germanic *ekan, *ek (Gothic 𐌹𐌺 (ik), Old Norse ek, Old High German ih, German ich, Old English ic, English I), Hittite uk, Sanskrit अहम् (ahám), Avestan 𐬀𐬰𐬆𐬨(azəm), Ancient Greek ἐγώ (egṓ), Latin ego, Ossetian ӕз (æz).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Pronoun[edit]

es (personal, 1st person singular)

  1. I; first person pronoun, referring to the speaker
    Es te dzīvoju.I live here.
    Viņš mani sastapa ceļā.He met me on the road.
    Atnāc pie manis!Come to me (to my place)!
    Nāc ar mani dejot!Come dance with me!
    Man nav laiks.I don't have time. (lit. There is no time to me.)
Usage notes[edit]

The form mans is a possessive pronoun ('my'), while manis is a true genitive form ('of me'). The dative form manim is used only optionally, with prepositions.

Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]


Noun[edit]

es m (invariable)

  1. I, ego (the essence of a person)
    mans esmy I, my ego
    Runātājs izcēla savu es.The speaker highlighted his I, his ego.
    Briesmīgi nezināt nekā un just tikai sevi, savu es.It is terrible to know and feel nothing except oneself, one's I.
    Cilvēks var pierādīt savu vērtību, apliecināt savu “es” tikai darbā.A person can prove their worth, testify their “I”, only in (their) work.

Etymology 2[edit]

A cross-linguistically frequent way of naming this sound, and the respective letter.

Noun[edit]

es m (invariable)

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter S/s.
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) , “es”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Middle Dutch[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. genitive of hi
  2. genitive of het

Verb[edit]

es

  1. Alternative form of is; third-person singular present indicative of wēsen

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Determiner[edit]

es

  1. Alternative form of his (his)

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. Alternative form of his (his)

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. Alternative form of his (her)

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. Alternative form of is (is)

Middle French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Old French es ("[you] are").

Verb[edit]

es

  1. second-person singular present indicative of estre

Etymology 2[edit]

Old French es ("in the").

Contraction[edit]

es

  1. Contraction of en + les (in the (plural)).

Middle Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

es f

  1. stoat, weasel

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: eas

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
es unchanged n-es
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. present tense of asa and ase (to swell, ferment)

Occitan[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. third-person singular present indicative of èsser

Ojibwe[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Algonquian *e·hsa.

Noun[edit]

es (plural esag)

  1. shell (2)
  2. oyster

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Contraction of en les.

Preposition[edit]

es

  1. in the
    • 1377, Bernard de Gordon, Fleur de lis de medecine (a.k.a. lilium medicine), page 186 of this essay:
      l'autre partie va es muscules
      the other part goes into the muscles

Descendants[edit]

  • French: ès (archaic)

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ess (theoretically available for all senses; attested in only some)

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

es (gender unknown)

  1. the letter s

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

es (gender unknown)

  1. death


Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

es (gender unknown)

  1. food


Etymology 4[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

es (gender unknown)

  1. ox


Etymology 5[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. Alternative spelling of as: third-person singular masculine of a

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
es unchanged n-es
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Norse ᛁᛊᛏ (ist), from Proto-Germanic *isti, first/third-person singular indicative present of *wesaną. Evolved to younger variant er. Compare vesa, vas (vera, var).

Verb[edit]

es

  1. Archaic form of er., third-person singular indicative present of vera

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *iz (he; 3rd person personal pronoun). Cognate with Gothic 𐌹𐍃 (is), Old High German ēr (German er).

Pronoun[edit]

es

  1. Archaic form of er. (which, that)

Conjunction[edit]

es

  1. Archaic form of er. (when, where)

Pennsylvania German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare German es, Dutch het, English it.

Article[edit]

es n (definite, nominative)

  1. the

Declension[edit]

Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der die es die
Accusative der die es die
Dative dem der em de

Pronoun[edit]

es n

  1. it

Declension[edit]


Romagnol[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin esse, present active infinitive of sum.

Verb[edit]

es

  1. to be
  2. (auxiliary, used to form composite past tense of many intransitive verbs) to have (done something).

Sawi[edit]

Interjection[edit]

es

  1. at once
    Uvur haramavimaken, du famud, es! — The tide is about to turn; cook the sago at once![1]
  2. enough

References[edit]

  1. ^ Don Richardson, Peace Child.

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin est, from Proto-Italic *est, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti. Cognate with Sanskrit अस्ति (ásti), English is.

Verb[edit]

es

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of ser.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of ser; (he/she/it/one) is

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

es

  1. plural of e

Tocharian A[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tocharian *ānse, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ṓms-o-s, a form of *h₂ṓms. Compare Tocharian B āntse.

Noun[edit]

es

  1. shoulder
  2. bough, limb (of a tree)
  3. branch of a particular matter

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

es

  1. (colloquial) first-person singular preterite of mynd

Synonyms[edit]