The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents French pronunciations in Wikipedia and Wiktionary articles. It is important to note that the IPA symbols used for vowels are conventionally used in French dictionaries, but are based on the pronunciation of Parisian French from more than 100 years ago and no longer accurately represent current pronunciation for Parisian French. See the footnotes for more details.
English approximations are in some cases very approximate, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See French phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds. In particular, English vowels are often diphthongs, while the French vowels are not.
French has no word-level stress, so stress marks are not used in transcribing French words. See here for explanation.
^ In Parisian French, /ɑ/ is normally replaced by /a/.
^ In Parisian French, /ɛː/ is normally replaced by /ɛ/. In Quebec French, /ɛː/ is often pronounced [aɛ̯].
^ In French, /ə/ is pronounced with some lip rounding [ɵ̞]; for a number of speakers, it is also more front and may even be phonetically identical to the vowel of neuf[nœf]. In Parisian French, [ə] is rounded and fronted, making it phonetically similar to [ø].
^ In Parisian French at least, /ɔ/ is partly unrounded, leading it to have somewhat of the quality of nut.
^ In Parisian French, /ɑ̃/ is actually pronounced [ɒ̃], with rounding. In Quebec French, /ɑ̃/ is pronounced [ã].
^ In Parisian French, /ɛ̃/ is actually pronounced [æ̃]. In Quebec French, /ɛ̃/ is pronounced [ẽ].
^ In Parisian French, /œ̃/ is normally replaced by /ɛ̃/, pronounced [æ̃].
^ In Parisian French, /ɔ̃/ is actually pronounced [õ].
^ Stress falls on the last full syllable of a phrase, except in emphatic speech.