el

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

el

  1. ISO abbreviation language code for Greek language (ISO 639-1 language code EL).

English[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 El on Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English el, from Latin el (the name of the letter L).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

el (plural els)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter L.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

el (plural els)

  1. (US) An elevated railway, especially for specific systems such as the metro in Chicago.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Shortening of eleven.

Numeral[edit]

el

  1. The cardinal number occurring after dek and before do in a duodecimal system. Written , decimal value 11.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Spanish el.

Article[edit]

el

  1. (informal, humorous, chiefly Internet slang) the

Anagrams[edit]


Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille (that one).

Pronoun[edit]

el

  1. him (direct object)
    Synonym: lo

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille, possibly through a Vulgar Latin *illus. Compare Romanian el.

Pronoun[edit]

el m (plural elj)

  1. (third-person masculine singular pronoun, nominative form) he
    Synonym: nãs

Pronoun[edit]

el m

  1. (long/stressed accusative form) him

Related terms[edit]

  • ea/ia (feminine equivalent (third-person singular nominative))
  • elj (masculine or mixed plural), eali (feminine plural)
  • ãl/ul/lu (masculine singular accusative- short/unstressed form)
  • (a) lui (masculine singular genitive and masculine singular dative- long/stressed form)
  • ãlj/ilj/lji (masculine singular dative- short/unstressed form)

See also[edit]

  • io/iou, mini (first-person singular)
  • tu, tini (second-person singular)
  • noi (first-person plural)
  • voi (second-person plural)
  • nãsh, elj (third-person (masculine or mixed) plural)

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille, illum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Article[edit]

el m sg (feminine la, neuter lo, masculine plural los, feminine plural les)

  1. (definite) the

Usage notes[edit]

  • The article el contracts to l’ before a word beginning with a vowel or h: l'asturianu (the Asturian), l'hermanu (the brother)
  • The article el contracts to ’l after a word that ends in a vowel, if the following word begins with a consonant.

Derived terms[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ēl.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el (definite accusative eli, plural ellər)

  1. (somewhat poetic) people
  2. (somewhat poetic) country, land
  3. (somewhat poetic) tract, region, district, province

Declension[edit]


Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Contraction[edit]

el

  1. e (preposition “in”) + ul (indefinite article “a(n)”)
  2. e (preposition “in”) + al (definite article “the”)

Catalan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • es (salat) in Balearic dialects.
  • lo (colloquial) in North occidental dialects.

Etymology[edit]

From earlier lo, from Latin illum, from Latin ille. The initial e- was inserted as an epenthetic vowel after the unstressed -o had begun to be dropped.

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

el m (feminine la, masculine plural els, feminine plural les)

  1. the; definite article
  2. neuter definite article used to make abstract nouns from adjectives; the; what, that which
    el bo i el dolentthe good and the bad
    el que hem de ferwhat we have to do

Usage notes[edit]

Before a word that begins with a vowel or silent h- followed by a vowel, the form l' is used.

See also[edit]

  • en, masculine singular definite article for given names.

Pronoun[edit]

el (proclitic, contracted l', enclitic lo, contracted enclitic 'l)

  1. him (direct object)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • el is the reinforced (reforçada) form of the pronoun. It is used before verbs beginning with consonant.
    Ella el considerava estúpid.She regarded him as stupid.

Further reading[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

el m (plural eledh)

  1. angel

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

el

  1. hand, forearm
  2. ell

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el n

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter L.

Further reading[edit]

  • el in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • el in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dalmatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille, illud.

Article[edit]

el

  1. the; masculine singular definite article

Related terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse elri (alder), cf. ǫlr (compare Icelandic elri, Swedish al, Norwegian Bokmål older), from Proto-Germanic *aluz, *alusō (compare English alder), variant of *alizō, *alisō (compare Dutch els, German Erle), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂élisos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el c (singular definite ellen, plural indefinite elle)

  1. alder
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Introduced in the 1940’s after Swedish el, abbreviation of elektricitet (electricity).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el c (singular definite ellen, not used in plural form)

  1. electricity
    Synonym: strøm

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch elne, elle. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el f or m (plural ellen, diminutive elletje n)

  1. (archaic) A unit of length corresponding to about 69 cm.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Negerhollands: el

Emilian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /el/
  • Hyphenation: el

Pronoun[edit]

el (personal)

  1. (nominative case, feminine) they
  2. (accusative case, feminine) them

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Becomes elj- before a vowel.
  • Becomes -li when acting as an enclitic.

Related terms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Obscure; may be derived from Latin ex (out of).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

el

  1. made of
    Tio estas ĉemizo el silkoThis is a shirt made of silk.
  2. from (of)
    El kie vi venis?
    Mi venis el Nov-Jorko.
    Where did you come from?
    I came from New York.
    • 1906, Louis de Beaufront, Grammaire et exercices de la langue internationale espéranto:
      Li estas la plej riĉa homo el la mondo.
      He is the richest man in the world.
    • 1906, Louis de Beaufront, Grammaire et exercices de la langue internationale espéranto:
      Li estas la malplej riĉa el ni.
      He is the least rich of us.
    Antonym: al

Derived terms[edit]


Galician[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille (that).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

el m (accusative o, dative lle)

  1. he

Usage notes[edit]

The accusative form o has variant forms lo and no. These alternative forms appear depending on the ending of the preceding word. The form lo is used when the preceding word ends in -r or -s. The no form is used when the preceding word ends in -u or a diphthong. These alternative forms are then suffixed to the preceding word.

The accusative also forms contractions when it immediately follows an indirect object pronoun. For example, dou che o contracts to doucho (I gave it to you).

Related terms[edit]


Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese ele. Cognate with Kabuverdianu el.

Pronoun[edit]

el

  1. he, she (third person singular)

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

el

  1. off
    El a kezekkel!Hands off!
  2. away
    Anna elment? Nem ment el.Has Anna left? No, she has not.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

el

  1. first-person singular present indicative of ala

Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

el (plural eli, possessive elua, possessive plural elui)

  1. Apocopic form of elu; she, her

See also[edit]


Istriot[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin illum < ille.

Pronoun[edit]

el

  1. he third-person singular masculine personal pronoun
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 128:
      Ch’in tu’l su’ fassulito el me metasse.
      That into his handkerchief he would put me.

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin ille.

Article[edit]

el m sg (feminine la)

  1. the

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈel/
  • Hyphenation: él

Determiner[edit]

el m

  1. (before a consonant) Apocopic form of ello

Anagrams[edit]


Kabuverdianu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese ele.

Pronoun[edit]

el

  1. he, she (third person singular)

Kabyle[edit]

Verb[edit]

el (verbal noun ayla)

  1. (obsolete) to have, own, possess
    Synonyms: sɛu, ɣur
  2. (obsolete) to belong to

Usage notes[edit]

This verb's conjugation has fallen into general disuse by the 19th century, with only its past participle ilan surviving in various expressions. Its verbal noun, ayla (possession), remains in vigorous use.


Ladino[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

el (Hebrew spelling איל, plural los, feminine la)

  1. the (masculine singular)

Pronoun[edit]

el (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling איל‎)

  1. he, it

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter L.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Multiple Latin names for the letter L, l have been suggested. The most common is el or a syllabic l, although there is some evidence which also supports, as names for the letter, , ll, əl, , and even (in the fourth- or fifth-century first Antinoë papyrus(Can this(+) etymology be sourced?), which gives Greek transliterations of the Latin names of the Roman alphabet’s letters) ιλλε (ille).

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • el in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to slip, escape from the hands: e (de) manibus effugere, elābi
    • to escape from the hands of the enemy: effugere, elābi e manibus hostium
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), especially pages 30–31, 42–44, and 63

Latvian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el m (invariable)

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter L/l.

See also[edit]


Leonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille.

Article[edit]

el m sg (feminine la, neuter lu, masculine plural los, feminine plural les)

  1. the (definite article)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The prepositions a, de, pa, cun, en and pur contract with el, unless el is part of a proper noun.
    a + ‎el → ‎al
    de + ‎el → ‎del
    pa + ‎el → ‎pal
    cun + ‎el → ‎cul
    en + ‎el → ‎nel
    pur + ‎el → ‎pul
  • The article el contracts to l' before a word beginning with a vowel or h:
    l'homethe man
    fala l'homethe man is speaking
  • The article 'el contracts to 'l after a word that ends in a vowel, if the following word begins with a consonant.
    fala'l neñuthe child is speaking

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *elli, from Proto-West Germanic *alljas.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

el

  1. other, another

Adverb[edit]

el

  1. else, otherwise
  2. elsewhere

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

el

  1. Alternative form of ele

Middle Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

el

  1. third-person singular present subjunctive of mynet

Mirandese[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

el

  1. he

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Swedish el.

Noun[edit]

el

  1. short form of elektrisitet, elektrisk, elektro-, used mainly in compound words. It is treated as a noun rather than a prefix, in the same manner as Swedish.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Swedish el.

Noun[edit]

el n

  1. short form of elektrisitet, elektrisk, elektro-, used mainly in compound words. It is treated as a noun rather than a prefix, in the same manner as Swedish.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse él.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el n (definite singular elet, indefinite plural el, definite plural ela)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

el

  1. present tense of ala

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

el

  1. present tense of elja

References[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan [Term?], from Latin ille.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Pronoun[edit]

el

  1. he (third-person singular subject pronoun)
  2. it (third-person singular subject pronoun)

Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el m

  1. el, the letter L

Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • enl (very rare)

Contraction[edit]

el

  1. Contraction of en le (in the).
    • circa 1250, Marie de France, Equitan:
      m'est une anguisse el quer ferue, ki tut le cors me fet trembler
      Such a pain has pierced my heart, that it makes my whole body quiver

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin alius.

Pronoun[edit]

el

  1. something else
    • circa 1150, Thomas d'Angleterre, Le Roman de Tristan, page 94 (of the Champion Classiques edition, →ISBN, lines 857-8:
      ne puet en sun cuer el penser
      fors ço sul: Tristran amer.
      she cannot in her heart think of anything else
      apart from one thing: to love Tristan.

Old Norse[edit]

Verb[edit]

el

  1. first-person singular active present indicative of ala

Old Portuguese[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

el

  1. Apocopic form of ele

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Spanish el.

Article[edit]

el m sg

  1. Only used in el-rei: the

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *illus, from Latin ille.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

el m (third-person singular, plural ei, feminine equivalent ea)

  1. (nominative form) he
    Synonym: (polite form) dumnealui

Declension[edit]

Nominative
el
Accusative
stressed unstressed
el îl
Genitive
lui
Singular Plural
m & n f m f & n
său sa săi sale
Dative
stressed unstressed
lui îi
Reflexive
Accusative Dative
stressed unstressed stressed unstressed
sine se sie or sieși își

Pronoun[edit]

el m (stressed accusative form of el)

  1. (direct object, preceded by preposition, such as "pe", "cu", "la", or "pentru") him

Related terms[edit]

  • ea (third-person feminine singular)
  • ei (third-person masculine plural)
  • ele (third-person feminine plural)

See also[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille.

Pronoun[edit]

el

  1. he

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ille.

Article[edit]

el (plural los, feminine la, feminine plural las, neuter lo)

  1. masculine singular definite article; the
Usage notes[edit]
  • The prepositions de and a contract with el, unless el is part of a proper noun.
El misionario se fue a El Salvador para predicar al Salvador.The missionary went to El Salvador to preach to the Savior.
  • Spanish definite articles are used in some contexts where English uses possessive pronouns.
Tengo las manos sucias.My hands are dirty.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Spanish ela, from Latin illa.

Article[edit]

el (feminine plural las)

  1. Feminine singular definite article used before nouns which start with a stressed /a/:
    el alma, las almasthe soul, the souls
    el hacha, las hachasthe axe, the axes

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A contraction of elektricitet or elektrisk, that must have taken place between 1920 and 1975. SAOB (letter E edited in 1921) does not mention this, but does mention the prefix elektro-. Lilla Focus (1961) mentions el- as a prefix, but not as a word of its own.

The use of "el" as a stand-alone word (not just a prefix) was discussed in Teknisk Tidskrift, 15 December 1934, referring to a proposal from "Fera", Föreningen för elektricitetens rationella användning, an association of electric power grid operators.

Man framhåller nämligen med bestämdhet, att "el" ej får betraktas som förkortning utan som en beteckning för allt som har med elektricitet att göra, avsedd att brukas enbart eller i sammansättningar som prefix eller suffix och aldrig tillsammans med punkt och bindestreck. Språkligt sett, kan väl ordet närmast betraktas som en ellips
Teknisk Tidskrift, 15 December 1934

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el c

  1. electricity, electric current or power; Contraction of elektricitet. or elektrisk
    • 1957, used as a prefix, §14, Lag (1957:262) om allmän energiskatt
      elektrisk kraft som förbrukas för el-, gas-, värme- eller vattenförsörjning i andra kommuner
      electric power which is used for the supply of electricity, gas, heating or water in other municipalities
    • 1975, Håkan Winberg (m), speaking in the Riksdag on May 27 (protocol, page 264)
      Vidare är den del av marknaden som har den högsta betalningsförmågan, dvs. hushållen, inriktad på användning av el.
      Also the part of the market which has the highest purchasing power, i.e. the households, is set for the use of electricity.
    • 1980, Rune Torwald (c), speaking in the Riksdag on January 11 (protocol, page 46)
      När man använder så stor andel av elen till att värma upp bostäder som ju bara utnyttjas vintertid och inte på sommaren, så får man stora säsongvariationer.
      When using so large a portion of the electricity to heat homes, something which is only used in the winter and not in the summer, one will get large seasonal variations.

Declension[edit]

Declension of el 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative el elen
Genitive els elens

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Turkic [script needed] (élig, hand), from Proto-Turkic *alı-, *ạl- (to take) or *elig (hand). Cognates with Uzbek ilik, Turkmen el, Gagauz el and Sary-Yughur ɨlɨɣ.

Noun[edit]

el (definite accusative eli, plural eller)

  1. hand

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

el (definite accusative eli, plural eller)

  1. a foreign person

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Turkic él (él), from Proto-Turkic *ēl.

Noun[edit]

el (definite accusative eli, plural eller)

  1. country, homeland, province
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative el
Definite accusative eli
Singular Plural
Nominative el eller
Definite accusative eli elleri
Dative ele ellere
Locative elde ellerde
Ablative elden ellerden
Genitive elin ellerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular elim ellerim
2nd singular elin ellerin
3rd singular eli elleri
1st plural elimiz ellerimiz
2nd plural eliniz elleriniz
3rd plural elleri elleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular elimi ellerimi
2nd singular elini ellerini
3rd singular elini ellerini
1st plural elimizi ellerimizi
2nd plural elinizi ellerinizi
3rd plural ellerini ellerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular elime ellerime
2nd singular eline ellerine
3rd singular eline ellerine
1st plural elimize ellerimize
2nd plural elinize ellerinize
3rd plural ellerine ellerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular elimde ellerimde
2nd singular elinde ellerinde
3rd singular elinde ellerinde
1st plural elimizde ellerimizde
2nd plural elinizde ellerinizde
3rd plural ellerinde ellerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular elimden ellerimden
2nd singular elinden ellerinden
3rd singular elinden ellerinden
1st plural elimizden ellerimizden
2nd plural elinizden ellerinizden
3rd plural ellerinden ellerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular elimin ellerimin
2nd singular elinin ellerinin
3rd singular elinin ellerinin
1st plural elimizin ellerimizin
2nd plural elinizin ellerinizin
3rd plural ellerinin ellerinin
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular elim ellerim
2nd singular elsin ellersin
3rd singular el
eldir
eller
ellerdir
1st plural eliz elleriz
2nd plural elsiniz ellersiniz
3rd plural eller ellerdir

Venetian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • al (Belluno)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illum < ille.

Article[edit]

el m sg (plural i)

  1. the

Related terms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

el

  1. he, she, it (used as an obligatory clitic pronoun following a verb)
    El can el magna i òsi.The dog (it) eats the bones.

Volapük[edit]

Article[edit]

el

  1. the (used for all proper nouns and also foreign loanwords not yet assimilated into Volapük)
    El Karl binom ziom ela Katlin.Karl is Katlin's uncle.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The article el is used to modify any kind of noun (proper or foreign) which is itself indeclinable in Volapük. Then, whenever that noun needs to be declined, the article el which modifies it is declined in its stead.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el f (plural eliau)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter L.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
el unchanged unchanged hel
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also[edit]


Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse eldr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el m (definite singular eln)

  1. fire
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse ertla.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el f (definite singular ela)

  1. a bird of the family Motacillidae
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Larsson, Evert, Söderström, Sven, “eld s. e:l” and “ärla s. ê:l”, in Hössjömålet : ordbok över en sydvästerbottnisk dialekt [The Hössjö speech: dictionary of a southern Westrobothnian dialect] (in Swedish) →ISBN, page 95 and 221