pe

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrew פֵּא(), from Proto-Semitic *pay- (mouth). Doublet of pi.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /peɪ/
    • (file)
    • Rhymes: -eɪ

Noun[edit]

pe

  1. The seventeenth letter of many Semitic alphabets/abjads (Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew פ, Syriac ܦ, and others; Arabic has the analog faa).

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Abinomn[edit]

Noun[edit]

pe

  1. pig

Ainu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

pe (Kana spelling )

  1. (only in compounds) thing, article
    arawanseven
    arawanpeseven things
    wenbad
    wenpebad thing
Alternative forms[edit]
  • (apocopic) p

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

pe (Kana spelling )

  1. water, especially in reference to a water body
  2. liquid
  3. juice
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  • pet (river)

See also[edit]

  • wakka (drinkable water)

Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pe m (indefinite plural penj, definite singular peri, definite plural penjtë)

  1. thread

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (2000) A concise historical grammar of the Albanian language: reconstruction of Proto-Albanian[1], Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 313
  2. ^ Schumacher, Stefan; Matzinger, Joachim (2013) Die Verben des Altalbanischen: Belegwörterbuch, Vorgeschichte und Etymologie (Albanische Forschungen; 33) (in German), Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 218

Annobonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sãotomense pe (father), from Portuguese pai (father).

Noun[edit]

pe

  1. father

References[edit]

  • 2005, John H. McWhorter, Defining Creole

Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pe inan

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

Declension[edit]

Declension of pe (inanimate, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive pe pea peak
ergative pek peak peek
dative peri peari peei
genitive peren pearen peen
comitative perekin pearekin peekin
causative perengatik pearengatik peengatik
benefactive perentzat pearentzat peentzat
instrumental pez peaz peez
inessive petan pean peetan
locative petako peko peetako
allative petara pera peetara
terminative petaraino peraino peetaraino
directive petarantz perantz peetarantz
destinative petarako perako peetarako
ablative petatik petik peetatik
partitive perik
prolative petzat

See also[edit]


Breton[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

pe

  1. or

Adjective[edit]

pe (interrogative adjective)

  1. which, what

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -e

Noun[edit]

pe f (plural pes)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.
  2. The Hebrew letter פ‎ (final form ף‎).

Dorig[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pe

  1. water

References[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Noun[edit]

pe n (genitive singular pes, plural pe)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

Declension[edit]

Declension of pe
n4 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative pe peið pe peini
accusative pe peið pe peini
dative pe, pei penum peum peunum
genitive pes pesins pea peanna

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Abbreviation of perjantai.

Pronunciation[edit]

As perjantai.

Noun[edit]

pe

  1. Abbreviation of perjantai (Friday).

Etymology 2[edit]

From Hebrew פֵּא().

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpe(ː)/, [ˈpe̞(ː)]
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Syllabification: pe

Noun[edit]

pe

  1. pe (seventeenth letter of the Hebrew and Phoenician scripts and the Northwest Semitic abjad)
Declension[edit]
Inflection of pe (Kotus type 21/rosé, no gradation)
nominative pe pet
genitive pen peiden
peitten
partitive petä peitä
illative pehen peihin
singular plural
nominative pe pet
accusative nom. pe pet
gen. pen
genitive pen peiden
peitten
partitive petä peitä
inessive pessä peissä
elative pestä peistä
illative pehen peihin
adessive pellä peillä
ablative peltä peiltä
allative pelle peille
essive penä peinä
translative peksi peiksi
instructive pein
abessive pettä peittä
comitative peineen
Possessive forms of pe (type rosé)
possessor singular plural
1st person peni pemme
2nd person pesi penne
3rd person pensä

Guaraní[edit]

Determiner[edit]

pe

  1. that (near addressee)

Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Portuguese .

Noun[edit]

pe

  1. foot

Etymology 2[edit]

From Portuguese perna.

  1. leg

Etymology 3[edit]

From Portuguese pau.

  1. tree

Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pe (plural pe-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter P/p.

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

pe

  1. Rōmaji transcription of (hiragana)
  2. Rōmaji transcription of (katakana)

Javanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *paʀih, from Proto-Austronesian *paʀiS.

Noun[edit]

(Javanese script ꦥꦺ)

  1. ray (marine fish with a flat body, large wing-like fins, and a whip-like tail)

References[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

 f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • pe”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • pe in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32: "Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū—each, again, with a long vowel sound."

Ligurian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin per, from Proto-Indo-European *peri, derived from the root *per- (to go over).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pe

  1. for
  2. to
  3. through
  4. in or on
  5. by
  6. with
  7. as
pe + article Combined form
pe + o pe-o
pe + a pe-a
pe + i pe-i
pe + e pe-e

Lote[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

pe

  1. and

References[edit]


Mauritian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Contraction of ape, from French après. Compare Haitian Creole ap.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

pe (medial form pe)

  1. (auxiliary) Used to indicate present progressive tense or the continuous tense in general.

Related terms[edit]


Mbiywom[edit]

Noun[edit]

pe

  1. liver

References[edit]

  • Claire Bowern, Harold James Koch, Australian Languages: Classification and the Comparative Method (2004), page 411

Mezquital Otomi[edit]

Noun[edit]

pe

  1. biznaga, barrel cactus.

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

pe

  1. Alternative form of po

Neapolitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin per.

Pronunciation[edit]

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Preposition[edit]

pe

  1. for

Nheengatu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Tupi pe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)
  • Hyphenation: pe
  • Rhymes: -e

Pronoun[edit]

pe

  1. (second-class) second-person plural personal pronoun (you, your)
    Pe akanhemu peikú nhaãsé pe kirá peikú.
    You are scared because you are fat.
    Aintá uputari upitá pe irũmu.
    They want to stay with you.
    Pe manha uwiké uka pisasú upé.
    Your mother enters the new house.

Usage notes[edit]

  • As a second-class pronoun, pe is used as the subject of a sentence when its verb is a second-class one (those verbs are sometimes referred to as adjectives). The personal pronoun pe is also used when governed by any postposition with the exception of arama and supé. Finally, pe is used as a possessive pronoun as well.

See also[edit]

Nheengatu personal pronouns
singular first-class pronoun second-class pronoun
first-person ixé se
second-person indé ne
third-person i
plural first-class pronoun second-class pronoun
first-person yandé yané
second-person penhẽ pe
third-person aintá (or ) aintá (or )

References[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Noun[edit]

pe f (plural pes)

  1. pee (the letter p, P)

Old Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pedem, accusative of pes. Gallo-Romance cognate with Old French pié.

Noun[edit]

pe m (oblique plural pes, nominative singular pes, nominative plural pe)

  1. foot (anatomy)

Descendants[edit]

  • Occitan:

Old Tupi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Postposition[edit]

pe

  1. Used to indicate location, inclusion, or position within spatial limits.
    1. in, on, to.

References[edit]

  • NAVARRO, E. A. Dicionário de tupi antigo: a língua indígena clássica do Brasil. São Paulo. Global. 2013.

Pali[edit]

Particle[edit]

pe

  1. Abbreviation of peyyāla.

Romanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Muntenia, informal), pi (Moldova), pre (archaic)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin per, with meaning influenced by super.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pe (+accusative)

  1. on
    cartea este pe masă
    The book is on the table.
  2. on (some time during the day of)
    A plecat spre Europa acum o săptămână, mai exact, pe zece mai.
    He left for Europe a week ago, that is, on the tenth of May.
  3. (no lexical meaning) used to indicate direct object in some cases
    o aștept pe mama
    I'm waiting on/for mom.


Usage notes[edit]

Pe takes the accusative case of nouns and is used as the marker for the direct object when said object is:

  • a proper noun; the name of a person or animal
  • a common noun referring to a specific person, generally known to both the speaker and listener
  • a common noun acting as a metaphor for a person
  • a common noun in a construction in which the subject and the direct object are the same noun and they precede the predicate

Pe is not used when the direct object is:

  • a common noun designating inanimate objects or animals
  • a common noun referring to an unspecified person

Related terms[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Sursilvan) pei
  • (Puter, Vallader)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pēs, pedem (foot), from Proto-Indo-European *pṓds.

Noun[edit]

pe m (plural pes or peis)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, anatomy) foot

Usage notes[edit]

In Rumantsch Grischun and Sutsilvan, the plural is pes. In Surmiran, however, it is peis.


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pe f (plural pes)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Sranan Tongo[edit]

Adverb[edit]

pe

  1. (interrogative) where
  2. (relative) where

Derived terms[edit]


Tocharian A[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *pṓds. Compare the nominative/accusative dual form, peṃ, presumably from Proto-Tocharian *peine du (whence also Tocharian B paine), from an earlier *pei, from the Proto-Indo-European *pódh₁e du, from *pṓds. It is from this dual form in Proto-Tocharian that the singular forms have probably been analogically built. Compare Tocharian B paiyye.[1]

Noun[edit]

pe m

  1. foot

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

pe (definite accusative peyi, plural peler)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

See also[edit]


Turkmen[edit]

Noun[edit]

pe (definite accusative ?, plural ?)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

Welsh[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

pe

  1. if (used with closed conditions, i.e., those that are counterfactual or considered very unlikely)
    Pe bawn i'n gyfoethog, teithiwn i o gwmpas y byd.
    If I were rich, I would travel around the world.

Usage notes[edit]

In the literary language, bod (to be) has special counterfactual forms that undergo univerbation with pe: petaswn (if I had been), petawn (if I were) etc. (see the conjugation table for all the forms).

In the colloquial language, the counterfactual forms taswn/bawn/tawn are written separately from pe, and pe can be omitted before them:

  • (pe) taswn i’n ennill y loteriif I were to win the lottery

See also[edit]

  • os (used with open conditions)

Yoruba[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to call, to pronounce, to summon, to invoke (an orisha)
    Synonym:
  2. (transitive) to tag someone or something
Derived terms[edit]
  • èpè (curse)
  • ìpè (call, summon, invocation)
  • pípè (calling, summoning)
  • polówó (to advertise)

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to assemble, to congregate
Derived terms[edit]
  • péjọ (to congregate)
  • ìpé (public gathering)

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. to be correct, to be complete in degree or quantity
  2. to be enough
  3. (idiomatic) to be sane, to be intelligent, to be sharp (of the mind); (literally - "to have a complete or correct mind")
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. to say something
    Synonym:
Usage notes[edit]
  • An overlaid function for the conjunction (Etymology 5) whenever a verb of utterance is missing, it is always followed by .

Etymology 5[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

  1. that
Related terms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • In modern linguistics, the term has also been categorized as a complementizer

Etymology 6[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. to become rewarding or profitable for someone
    ọjà náà mi dáadáaThe market goods were very profitable for me

Zou[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

pe

  1. (intransitive) to kick

References[edit]

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 40