super

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See also: souper, Super, súper, süper, super-, and supèr-

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From super- (prefix), from Middle English super-, from Latin super-, from super (above), from Pre-Italic or Proto-Indo-European *eks-uper, from *eḱs (out of) (English ex-), from *h₁eǵʰs + *uperi (English over). Cognate to hyper, from Ancient Greek.

Adjective[edit]

super (not comparable)

  1. Of excellent quality, superfine.
  2. better than average, better than usual; wonderful.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

super (not comparable)

  1. (informal) Very; extremely (used like the prefix super-).
    The party was super awesome.

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation by shortening.

Noun[edit]

super (plural supers)

  1. (Australia, New Zealand, informal) Short for superannuation.
    Jane looked forward to collecting a large super payout when she retired.
  2. Short for supercomputer.
    • 1989, Kai Hwang, Doug DeGroot, Parallel processing for supercomputers and artificial intelligence
      The performances and cost ranges of three classes of commercial supercomputers are given in Table 2.1. The full-scale supers are the most expensive class, represented by Cray, ETA, and Fujitsu systems, for example.
  3. (comics, slang) Short for superhero.
  4. (beekeeping) Short for superhive.
    • 1983, Sue Hubbell, A Country Year: Living the Questions, Boston, MA: Mariner Books, published 1999, →ISBN, page 69:
      There may be thirty to fifty supers in every outyard, and we have only about half an hour to get them off the hives, stacked and covered before the bees get really cross about what we are doing.
  5. (informal, US) Short for superintendent, especially, a building's resident manager (sometimes clarified as “building super”).
  6. (neologism) Short for supernaturalist, especially as distinguished from bright.
  7. Short for supernumerary; (theater) specifically, a supernumerary actor.
    • 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 2, in The Affair at the Novelty Theatre[1]:
      For this scene, a large number of supers are engaged, and in order to further swell the crowd, practically all the available stage hands have to ‘walk on’ dressed in various coloured dominoes, and all wearing masks.
    • 1916, Ring W. Lardner, “Three Kings and a Pair”, in The Saturday Evening Post[2]:
      The piece was gave by a bunch o’ supers the time I went. I’d like to see it with a real cast. They say it’s a whiz when it’s acted right.
  8. Short for supertanker.
    • 1973, Jeffrey Potter, Disaster by Oil (page 46)
      That is a lot of ship, about the size of big tankers before they grew so rapidly to become supers, mammoths and oilbergs.
  9. Short for supervisor.

Verb[edit]

super (third-person singular simple present supers, present participle supering, simple past and past participle supered)

  1. (beekeeping) Short for superhive.
    • 1917 Dadant, C. P., First Lessons in Beekeeping; revised & rewritten edition, 1968, by M. G. Dadant and J. C. Dadant, p 73:
      The question is: when is the best time to super?
  2. (television) Short for superimpose.
    • 1987, Television Quarterly (volumes 23-24)
      Even running a supered "Re-enactment" caption for a few seconds is poor policy, he feels []

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English super, French super, from Latin super.

Adjective[edit]

super (indeclinable)

  1. (informal) super, great
    Můj brácha si koupil super auto, to musíš vidět!
    Ten výlet byl prostě super!

Usage notes[edit]

This word is slightly more formal than supr, yet still informal.

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Interjection[edit]

super

  1. (informal) super

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • super in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed via English super from Latin super (over)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

super (neuter super or supert, plural super or (unofficial) supre)

  1. (informal) terrific

Adverb[edit]

super

  1. (informal) very

Synonyms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English super, ultimately from Latin super.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsy.pər/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: su‧per

Adverb[edit]

super

  1. (informal) very, extremely, super
    De kunststofuitvoering is wel super duur.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Adjective[edit]

super (not comparable)

  1. great, super
    Die nieuwe karts zijn super.
    Those new karts are great.

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of super
uninflected super
inflected super
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial super
indefinite m./f. sing. super
n. sing. super
plural super
definite super
partitive supers

Related terms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin super.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

super

  1. above

Antonyms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin super. Doublet of the inherited sur. See also hyper, borrowed from Ancient Greek.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

super (invariable)

  1. superb, great

Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

super

  1. (informal) extremely, very (as an intensifier)
    Il est super beau
    he's very handsome
Synonyms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

super

  1. great, fantastic

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably a borrowing from a Germanic language, from *sūpaną (to sip, sup). If so then doublet of souper.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

super

  1. (regional) to suck, to sip
Conjugation[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English super.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

super (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) super, great, awesome

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • super” in Duden online

Interlingua[edit]

Preposition[edit]

super

  1. about (focused on a given topic)

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin super. Cf. sopra.

Adjective[edit]

super (invariable)

  1. super

Noun[edit]

super m (invariable)

  1. The best
  2. superphosphate

super f (invariable)

  1. The best grade of petrol

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *eks-uper, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (out of) (Latin ex) + *uperi (above), from *upo. The latter is cognate to Ancient Greek ὑπέρ (hupér, above) and Proto-Germanic *uber (English over).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

super (+ accusative, ablative)

  1. accusative [of place] above, on the top of, upon
    Cibus super mensam est.
    The food is on the table.
  2. accusative [of place] above, beyond
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Genesis.1.2:
      terra autem erat inanis et vacua et tenebrae super faciem abyssi et spiritus Dei ferebatur super aquas
      And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
  3. accusative [of measure] above, beyond, over, in addition to
  4. ablative concerning, regarding

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used in many compound words, see super-.

Adverb[edit]

super (not comparable)

  1. above, on top, over
  2. upwards
  3. moreover, in addition, besides

Quotations[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Asturian: sobre
  • Catalan: sobre, súper
  • Czech: super, supr
  • English: super
  • French: super
  • Galician: sobre
  • German: super

References[edit]

  • super in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • super in Charlton T. Lewis, An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891
  • super in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden, Latin Phrase-Book[3], London: Macmillan and Co., 1894
    • the river is over its banks, is in flood: flumen super ripas effunditur
  • super in Ramminger, Johann, Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[4], pre-publication website, 2005-2016, retrieved 16 July 2016

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English super.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

super (indeclinable, comparative bardziej super, superlative najbardziej super)

  1. (colloquial) great, excellent

Adverb[edit]

super (comparative bardziej super, superlative najbardziej super)

  1. (colloquial) excellently

See also[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin super; cf. also English super. Doublet of the inherited sobre.

Adverb[edit]

super (not comparable)

  1. (informal) super, very (intensifier)
    super fixe
    very nice
    Synonyms: muito, bastante, bué, mega

Adjective[edit]

super (invariable, comparable)

  1. super

Sardinian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin super.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

super

  1. on, on top of, above
    Synonym: supra

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin super; cf. also English super. Doublet of the inherited sobre.

Adjective[edit]

super (invariable)

  1. (intensifier) very, mega

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

super

  1. present tense of supa.

Adjective[edit]

super (not comparable)

  1. perfect, super, excellent, great
    det blir super!that's going to be great!

Declension[edit]

Only used predicatively.