super

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: souper, Super, súper, süper, super-, and supèr-

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin super (above), from Pre-Italic or Proto-Indo-European *eks-uper, from *eḱs (out of) (English ex-), from *h₁eǵʰs + *uperi (English over). Cognate to hyper, from Ancient Greek.

Adjective[edit]

super (not comparable)

  1. Of excellent quality, superfine.
  2. better than average, better than usual; wonderful.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

super (not comparable)

  1. (informal) Very; extremely (used like the prefix super-).
    The party was super awesome.

Etymology 2[edit]

Short for superintendent.

Noun[edit]

super (plural supers)

  1. (informal, US) Abbreviation of superintendent in the sense of a building's resident manager, sometimes clarified as "building super".

Etymology 3[edit]

Short for superannuation.

Noun[edit]

super (usually uncountable, plural supers)

  1. (Australia, New Zealand, informal) Short form of superannuation, the Australian/New Zealand retirement benefits or pension scheme.
    Jane looked forward to collecting a large super payout when she retired.

Etymology 4[edit]

Short for superhive.

Noun[edit]

super (plural supers)

  1. (beekeeping) An empty box placed above the existing boxes of the beehive in order to allow the colony to expand or store additional honey.
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

super (third-person singular simple present supers, present participle supering, simple past and past participle supered)

  1. (beekeeping) To add or to place a super atop the existing boxes of the beehive.
    • 1917 Dadant, C. P., First Lessons in Beekeeping; revised & rewritten edition, 1968, by M. G. Dadant and J. C. Dadant, p 73:
      The question is: when is the best time to super?

Etymology 5[edit]

Short for superhero.

Noun[edit]

super (plural supers)

  1. (comics, slang) superhero.

Etymology 6[edit]

Short for supernumerary.

Noun[edit]

super (plural supers)

  1. (theater) Someone outside the normal company, but appearing on stage with no lines to speak.
    • 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 2, in The Affair at the Novelty Theatre[1]:
      For this scene, a large number of supers are engaged, and in order to further swell the crowd, practically all the available stage hands have to ‘walk on’ dressed in various coloured dominoes, and all wearing masks.

Etymology 7[edit]

Noun[edit]

super (plural supers)

  1. A supercomputer.
    • 1989, Kai Hwang, ‎Doug DeGroot, Parallel processing for supercomputers and artificial intelligence
      The performances and cost ranges of three classes of commercial supercomputers are given in Table 2.1. The full-scale supers are the most expensive class, represented by Cray, ETA, and Fujitsu systems, for example.

Etymology 8[edit]

Short for supernatural.

Noun[edit]

super (plural supers)

  1. A person who has supernatural beliefs, distinguished from a bright.

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English, from French, from Latin super

Adjective[edit]

super (indeclinable)

  1. (informal) super, great
    Můj brácha si koupil super auto, to musíš vidět!
    Ten výlet byl prostě super!

Usage notes[edit]

This word is slightly more formal than supr, yet still informal.

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Interjection[edit]

super

  1. (informal) super

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • super in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu

Danish[edit]

Adverb[edit]

super

  1. (informal) very

Synonyms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin super

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

super

  1. above

Antonyms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Adjective[edit]

super (invariable)

  1. superb, great

Adverb[edit]

super

  1. (informal) extremely, very (as an intensifier)
    Il est super beau
    he's very handsome

Synonyms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

super

  1. great, fantastic

Verb[edit]

super

  1. to suck, to sip

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

super (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) super, great, awesome

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Preposition[edit]

super

  1. about (focused on a given topic)

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English

Adjective[edit]

super (invariable)

  1. super

Noun[edit]

super m (invariable)

  1. The best
  2. superphosphate

super f (invariable)

  1. The best grade of petrol

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *eks-uper, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (out of) (Latin ex) and *uperi (above), from *upo. The latter cognate to Ancient Greek ὑπέρ (hupér, above) and Proto-Germanic *uber (English over).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

super (+ accusative or ablative)

  1. accusative [of place] above, on the top of, upon
    Cibus super mensam est.
    The food is on the table.
  2. accusative [of place] above, beyond
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Genesis.1.2
      terra autem erat inanis et vacua et tenebrae super faciem abyssi et spiritus Dei ferebatur super aquas
      And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
  3. accusative [of measure] above, beyond, over, in addition to

Quotations[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • With the ablative super means 'concerning'.
  • Used in many compound words, see super-.

Derived terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • super in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • super in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • super” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the river is over its banks, is in flood: flumen super ripas effunditur
  • super in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[3], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

super (indeclinable, comparative bardziej super, superlative najbardziej super)

  1. (colloquial) great, excellent

Adverb[edit]

super (comparative bardziej super, superlative najbardziej super)

  1. (colloquial) excellently

See also[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Adverb[edit]

super (not comparable)

  1. (intensifier) very, excessively, exceedingly
    super legal - very nice

Adjective[edit]

super (invariable, comparable)

  1. super

Spanish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

super (invariable)

  1. (intensifier) very, mega

Swedish[edit]

Verb[edit]

super

  1. present tense of supa.