der

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See also: dër, dêr, and dér

Danish[edit]

Adverb[edit]

der

  1. there (in or at that place)

Pronoun[edit]

der

  1. (relative) who, which, that

Usage notes[edit]

  • Only used when the relative pronoun is subject
  • Som can be used for all positions (including subject)

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

stressed

unstressed

Etymology 1[edit]

Unstressed form of daar ‎(there). From Old Dutch *thar, from Proto-Germanic *þar.

Adverb[edit]

der

  1. there
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Article[edit]

der

  1. (dated) genitive singular feminine form of de; of the.
    geschiedenis der Nederlandsche taal — history of the Dutch language
  2. (dated) genitive plural of de; of the.
    het koninkrijk der Nederlanden
  3. (dated) dative singular feminine form of de.
Declension[edit]
Dutch definite article
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative de de het de
Genitive des der des der
Dative den der den den
Accusative den de het de


Usage notes[edit]

Only the nominative forms are common in modern usage. Accusative and dative forms are archaic and limited to fixed expressions, as are the singular genitive forms. The plural genitive (der) is unfrequent, but still productive to some extent in written style.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Noun[edit]

der f ‎(plural ders)

  1. last
    la der des ders - the war that ends all wars (referring to the First World War; literally means the last of the lasts or the very last one)

Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

der

  1. first-person singular future subjunctive of dar
  2. third-person singular future subjunctive of dar

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German ther, der, replacing the original masculine and feminine nominative forms from Proto-Germanic *sa, by analogy with the adjective inflection. Compare also Old Dutch thie where the same process occurred.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /deːɐ̯/ (stressed)
  • IPA(key): /dɛɐ̯/, /dɐ/ (unstressed)
  • IPA(key): /də/ (unstressed, some dialects, female article only)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eːɐ̯
  • In colloquial speech in Germany, the /d/ can assimilate to a preceding coronal when the word is unstressed.

Article[edit]

der ‎(definite)

  1. the; definite article for several declensions:
    • Nominitive singular masculine
    • Genitive singular feminine
    • Dative singular feminine
    • Genitive plural for all genders.

Declension[edit]

German definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der die das die
Genitive des der des der
Dative dem der dem den
Accusative den die das die


Old Declension
German definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der die das
(older also: daß)
die
Genitive des
(older also: deß)
der des
(older also: deß)
deren or derer, also der
Dative dem der dem denen, also den
Accusative den die das
(older also: daß)
die

This older declension is nowadays not used anymore.
For examples see Citations:der.

Pronoun[edit]

der m ‎(relative)

  1. who; that; which
    Ich kenne einen Mann, der das kann. — “I know a man who can do that.”

Usage notes[edit]

In a subordinate clause, indicates a person or thing referenced in the main clause. Used with masculine singular referents.

Declension[edit]

Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das die
genitive dessen deren
younger also: derer
dessen derer
deren
dative dem der dem denen
accusative den die das die
  • By modern grammar works it is said that derer and deren can both be used without difference.
  • Modern grammar books mention the colloquial genitive plural form der.
Old Declension
Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das
older also: daß
die
genitive dessen
older also: deß, des
deren
older also: der, dero
dessen
older also: deß, des
derer
also: deren
older also: dero
dative dem
older also: deme
der dem
older also: deme
denen
accusative den die das
older also: daß
die

Pronoun[edit]

der ‎(demonstrative)

  1. (attributive, stressed) that
    Der Mann war es! — “It was that man!”
  2. (indicative) him, he
    Der hat es getan! — “It was him who did it!”
  3. (differential) the one, him
    Der mit dem Mantel — “The one with the coat”

Declension[edit]

Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das die
genitive dessen deren
younger also: derer
dessen derer
deren
dative dem der dem denen
accusative den die das die
  • By modern grammar works it is said that derer is used cataphoric, while deren is used anaphoric.
  • Modern grammar books mention the colloquial genitive plural form der.
Old Declension
Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das
older also: daß
die
genitive dessen
older also: deß, des
deren
older also: der, dero
dessen
older also: deß, des
derer
also: deren
older also: dero
dative dem
older also: deme
der dem
older also: deme
denen
accusative den die das
older also: daß
die

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

der

  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of

Limburgish[edit]

Adverb[edit]

der

  1. there

Synonyms[edit]


Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

der

  1. rafsi of dertu.

Luxembourgish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Determiner[edit]

der f

  1. unstressed form of där
Declension[edit]
Luxembourgish definite articles
masculine feminine neuter plural
nom./acc. deen (den) déi (d') dat (d') déi (d')
dative deem (dem) där (der) deem (dem) deen (den)

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

der

  1. unstressed form of dir

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse þar.

Adverb[edit]

der

  1. there

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse þar.

Adverb[edit]

der

  1. there

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Adverb[edit]

der

  1. obsolete spelling of där

Turkish[edit]

Verb[edit]

der

  1. third-person singular present simple indicative positive of demek

West Frisian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

der

  1. there (used with wêze and some other verbs)
    • Der binne trije Fryske talen -- There are three Frisian languages.