From Middle English him, from Old English him, from Proto-Germanic *himmai (“to this, to this one”). Cognate with Saterland Frisian him (“him”), West Frisian him (“him”), Sylt North Frisian ham, höm (“him”), Dutch hem (“him”), German Low German hum, hüm, em (“him”), German ihm (“him”, dative).
- (UK, US) enPR: hĭm, IPA(key): /ˈhɪm/, unstressed IPA(key): /əm/, [ɪ̈m]
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɪm
- Homophone: hymn,'em for unstressed in some pronunciations.
him (personal pronoun, objective case)
- A masculine pronoun; he as a grammatical object.
- (colloquial) As a grammatical subject or object when joined with a conjunction.
- Now him and Bernie are best friends.
- Released a [statement] warning that him and 25,000 troops were going to stage a coup.
- (now rare) Used reflexively: (to) himself. [from 9th c.]
- With nominative effect: he, especially as a predicate after be, or following a preposition. [from 15th c.]
- c. 1606 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene x]:
- Before my body, I throw my warlike Shield: Lay on Macduffe, And damn'd be him, that first cries hold, enough.
- 2003 June 11, Claire Cozens, The Guardian:
- Lowe quit the West Wing last year amid rumours that he was unhappy that his co-stars earned more than him.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
him (plural hims)
- (informal) A male person or animal.
- I think this bird is a him, but it may be a her.
- 1985, Hélène Cixous, Sorties (translated)
- […] daring dizzying passages in other, fleeting and passionate dwellings within the hims and hers whom she inhabits […]
- 2004, Charles J. Sullivan, Love and Survival, page 68:
- By this time, she had so many questions, but she only hit him up for one answer about those “hims” and “hers.” She asked, “Do both hims and hers reproduce hummers?”
- (slang) A person of elevated skill at a sport/activity/game.
- Stop trying that, you're not him bro.
- Luis Oramas, Materiales para el estudio de los dialectos Ayamán, Gayón, Jirajara, Ajagua (1916)
- h-prothesized form of
- third-person masculine singular, dative: him, to him
- Ech baken him e Kuch.
- I'm baking him a cake.
- third-person neuter singular, dative: her, to her; (rarely: it, to it)
- Hie war gëschter mat him am Kino.
- He went to the cinema with her yesterday.
- For the use of the neuter for referring to female persons, see hatt.
|1st person singular||ech||—||mech||—||mir||mer||like dat. and acc.|
|2nd person singular
|du||de||dech||—||dir||der||like dat. and acc.|
|2nd person singular
|Dir||Der||Iech||Iech [əɕ]||Iech||Iech [əɕ]||Iech|
|3rd person singular||m||hien||en||hien||en||him||em||sech|
|n||hatt||et ('t)||hatt||et ('t)||him||em||sech|
|1st person plural||mir||mer||eis (ons)||—||eis (ons)||—||eis (ons)|
|2nd person plural||dir||der||iech||iech [əɕ]||iech||iech [əɕ]||iech|
|3rd person plural||si||se||si||se||hinnen||en||sech|
him (nominative he)
- Third-person singular masculine pronoun indicating a grammatical object: him.
- (reflexive) himself.
- c. 1275, Judas (Roud 2964, Child Ballad 23, Trinity College MS. B.14.39), folio 34, recto, lines 36-37; republished at Cambridge: Wren Digital Library (Trinity College), 2019 May 29:
- Stille þou be peter. Wel i þe icnowe. / þou wolt fur ſake me þrien . ar þe coc him crowe.
- "Quiet now, Peter. I know you well; / You'll forsake me three times when the cock crows (himself)."
- Third-person singular neuter pronoun indicating a grammatical object: it.
- (impersonal) Third-person singular neuter pronoun indicating a grammatical object one, you.
|singular||1st-person||I, ich, ik||me||min
1Used preconsonantally or before h.
2Early or dialectal.
3Dual pronouns are only sporadically found in Early Middle English; after that, they are replaced by plural forms. There are no third-person dual forms in Middle English.
4Sometimes used as a formal 2nd-person singular.
- Alternative form of
- (dialectal) alternative form of
See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.
- Marron C. Fort (2015), “him”, in Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch mit einer phonologischen und grammatischen Übersicht, Buske, →ISBN
- to work
- Sursurunga Organised Phonology Data (2011)
- object of
- Alternative form of
- 1867, “SONG”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 3:
- Shoo zent him o' die.
- She sent him one day.
- Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 108