mu

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Ancient Greek Alphabet

lambda
Greek uc mu.pngGreek lc mu.png
nu
Μ μ
Ancient Greek: μῦ
Wikipedia article on mu

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek μῦ ().

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mu (countable and uncountable, plural mus)

  1. The 12th letter of the Modern Greek alphabet.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Japanese (mu, nothing, neither yes nor no)

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

mu

  1. (Zen Buddhism) Neither yes nor no.
    • 1974, Robert M. Pirsig, Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance:
      Mu means "no thing." Like "Quality" it points outside the process of dualistic discrimination. Mu simply says, "No class; not one, not zero, not yes, not no." [...] It's a great mistake, a kind of dishonesty, to sweep nature's mu answers under the carpet.
    • 1979, Douglas Hofstadter, Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid:
      Achilles: Oh, but MU is Jōshū’s answer. By saying MU, Jōshū let the other monk know that only by not asking such questions can one know the answer to them.
      Tortoise: Jōshū “unasked” the question. […]
      Achilles: […] And the answer of “MU” here rejects the premises of the question, which are that one or the other must be chosen.
    • 1996, Dan Simmons, "Looking for Kelly Dahl", The Year's Best Science Fiction, page 424:
      "Mu," said Kelly Dahl.
      On one level mu means only yes, but on a deeper level of Zen it was often used by the master when the acolyte asked a stupid, unanswerable or wrongheaded question such as "Does a dog have the Buddha-nature?" The Master would answer only, "Mu," meaning—I say "yes" but mean "no," but the actual answer is: Unask the question.
    • 2002, Norman Waddell and Masao Abe, The Heart of Dōgen's Shōbōgenzō, page 72:
      The Fifth Patriarch's utterance You say mu [Buddha-nature] because Buddha-nature is emptiness articulates clearly and distinctly the truth that emptiness is not "no". In uttering Buddha-nature-emptiness one does not say "half a pound." One does not say "eight ounces." One says "mu."
    • 2010, Joan Price, Sacred Scriptures of the World Religions, page 70:
      A monk once asked Master Joshu, 'Has a dog the Buddha Nature or not?' Joshu said, 'Mu!'

Noun[edit]

mu (uncountable)

  1. (Zen Buddhism) Nothingness; nonexistence; the illusory nature of reality.
    • 2012, Omori, Introduction To Zen Training, →ISBN, page 115:
      That being the case, we should naturally choose to contemplate mu from morning to night, forgetting everything.
    • 2012, Dr Robert Wilkinson, Nishida and Western Philosophy, →ISBN:
      Consequently, though mu is mindlike, the likeness to individual consciousness cannot be pushed very far.
    • 2013, Sean Murphy & Natalie Goldberg, One Bird, One Stone: 108 Contemporary Zen Stories, →ISBN, page xvii:
      The monk posed to Chaoi-chou a question: Does a dog have a buddha nature or not?" Chao-chou, without a moment's hesitation, answered, “Mu." (Translated as "No.")
    • 2013, Maura O'Halloran, Pure Heart, Enlightened Mind, →ISBN:
      If mu is mind, consciousness, it is nothing.
Usage notes[edit]

Used to answer a question that if answered with "yes" or "no" would imply something false.

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (non-affirmative, non-negative answer): n/a

Etymology 3[edit]

From Mandarin ()

Noun[edit]

mu (plural mu)

  1. A unit of surface area, currently equivalent to 666 and 2/3 meters squared.
    • 2007 — Chang Liu, “Peasants and Revolution in Rural China: Rural Political Change in the North China Plain and the Yangzi Delta, 1850-1949”, page 87
      Of 114 village farming families, only ten had more than 30 mu of land and only five had more than 60 mu.

Anagrams[edit]


Anguthimri[edit]

Noun[edit]

mu

  1. (Mpakwithi) buttocks

References[edit]

  • Terry Crowley, The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri (1981), page 187

Asturian[edit]

Interjection[edit]

mu

  1. moo (sound made by a cow or bull)

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mu

  1. singular dative masculine of on
    Řekni mu, že jím.Tell him, I am eating.

Synonyms[edit]


Extremaduran[edit]

Adverb[edit]

mu

  1. very

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mu m (plural mu)

  1. mu (Greek letter)

Further reading[edit]


Hanga Hundi[edit]

Noun[edit]

mu

  1. (a) crocodile

Further reading[edit]


Hausa[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

  1. we (1st person plural pronoun)

Ikobi-Mena[edit]

Noun[edit]

mu (Mena), mụ (Ikobi)

  1. water

References[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mu

  1. (text messaging, informal) Alternative spelling of -mu.

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -u

Noun[edit]

mu m or f (invariable)

  1. The name of the letter M

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

mu

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Jingpho[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Burmese မူး (mu:)

Noun[edit]

mu

  1. two anna bit

References[edit]

  • Kurabe, Keita (2016-12-31) , “Phonology of Burmese loanwords in Jinghpaw”, in Kyoto University Linguistic Research[1], volume 35, DOI:10.14989/219015, ISSN 1349-7804, pages 91–128

Jurchen[edit]

Noun[edit]

mu

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Gisaburō Norikura Kiyose, A Study of the Jurchen Language and Script: Reconstruction and Decipherment (1977)

Kituba[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mu

  1. I

Kom (Cameroon)[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

mu

  1. water

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mu

  1. old

References[edit]

  • Randy Jones, Provisional Kom - English lexicon (2001, Yaoundé, Cameroon)

Lashi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

mu

  1. to happen

References[edit]

  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[2], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortened form of kamu, from Proto-Malayic *kamu(ʔ), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)kamu, *kamiu, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)kamu, *kamiu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mu

  1. you

See also[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

mu

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Northern Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈmuː/

Pronoun[edit]

  1. accusative/genitive of mun

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mu m

  1. dative singular mute of on

Pronoun[edit]

mu n

  1. dative singular mute of ono

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Interjection[edit]

mu

  1. moo (sound made by cows and bulls)
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • mu in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -u

Etymology 1[edit]

Latin mūlus (mule)

Noun[edit]

mu m (plural mus)

  1. mule
    Synonym: mulo

Etymology 2[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Alternative forms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

mu

  1. moo (the call of a cow)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Interjection[edit]

mu

  1. moo (sound made by cows)

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish imb. Cognates include Irish um and Manx mysh.

Preposition[edit]

mu (+ dative, triggers lenition)

  1. about, around
    Bha craobhan mu ghàrradh an taighe.There were trees around the house's yard.
  2. about, concerning
    Bha sinn a' bruidhinn mu làithean san sgoil againn.We were talking about our days at school.
  3. about, approximately
    Bidh a' chuairt a' toirt mu thrì uairean.The trip will take about three hours.

Inflection[edit]

Personal inflection of mu
Number Person Simple Emphatic
Singular 1st umam umamsa
2nd umad umadsa
3rd m uime uimesan
3rd f uimpe uimpese
Plural 1st umainn umainne
2nd umaibh umaibhse
3rd umpa umpasan

Derived terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mu (Cyrillic spelling му)

  1. to him (clitic dative singular of ȏn (he))
  2. to it (clitic dative singular of òno (it))
  3. (emphatic, possessive, dative) his, of his (clitic dative singular of ȏn (he))
    Gdje mu je auto?
    Where is his car?
  4. (emphatic, possessive, dative) its, of its (clitic dative singular of òno (it))

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -u

Interjection[edit]

mu

  1. moo (sound of a cow)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

mu f (plural múes)

  1. Misspelling of mi. (mu, the Greek letter Μ, μ)

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

mu

  1. moo

Noun[edit]

mu n

  1. moo; the sound of a cow or a bull

See also[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Particle[edit]

mu

  1. Used to form interrogatives.
    Ona bu soruyu sordun mu?
    Did you ask him/her this question?
    Mutlu musun?
    Are you happy?
    Pikniğe gitmiyor muyuz?
    Aren't we going for a picnic?

Usage notes[edit]

  • Personal suffixes are added to the interrogative particles, as well as the past tense suffixes.
  • This form is used when the last vowel of the previous word is "o" or "u". Other forms used with different vowels are: ?, mi? and ?

Tzotzil[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mu

  1. delicious

Etymology 2[edit]

Particle[edit]

mu

  1. (negation) not
    Mu jna'.I do not know him/her/it.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

(particles)

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Zhuang moz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mu ()

  1. pubes, the pubic region
  2. the shells of some animals
    Synonym: mai

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish muy (very).

Adverb[edit]

mu

  1. extremely

Zou[edit]

Verb[edit]

mu

  1. see

References[edit]