mu

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Contents

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Ancient Greek Alphabet

lambda
Greek uc mu.pngGreek lc mu.png
nu
Μ μ
Ancient Greek: μῦ
Wikipedia article on mu

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek letter μ ‎(m).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /muː/, /mjuː/
    • Homophone: moo (first pronunciation only)
    • Homophone: mew (second pronunciation only)
  • (US) IPA(key): /mjuː/

Noun[edit]

mu ‎(countable and uncountable, plural mus)

  1. The 12th letter of the Modern Greek alphabet.
Translations[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Japanese ‎(mu, nothing, neither yes nor no)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /muː/
    • Homophone: moo
  • (US) IPA(key): /mjuː/, /muː/
    • (file)
    • Homophone: mew (first pronunciation only)
    • Homophone: moo (second pronunciation only)

Interjection[edit]

mu

  1. (Zen Buddhism) Neither yes nor no.
    • 1974, Robert M. Pirsig, Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance:
      Mu means "no thing." Like "Quality" it points outside the process of dualistic discrimination. Mu simply says, "No class; not one, not zero, not yes, not no." [...] It's a great mistake, a kind of dishonesty, to sweep nature's mu answers under the carpet.
    • 1979, Douglas Hofstadter, Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid:
      Achilles: Oh, but MU is Jōshū’s answer. By saying MU, Jōshū let the other monk know that only by not asking such questions can one know the answer to them.
      Tortoise: Jōshū “unasked” the question. […]
      Achilles: […] And the answer of “MU” here rejects the premises of the question, which are that one or the other must be chosen.
    • 1996, Dan Simmons, "Looking for Kelly Dahl", The Year's Best Science Fiction, page 424:
      "Mu," said Kelly Dahl.
      On one level mu means only yes, but on a deeper level of Zen it was often used by the master when the acolyte asked a stupid, unanswerable or wrongheaded question such as "Does a dog have the Buddha-nature?" The Master would answer only, "Mu," meaning—I say "yes" but mean "no," but the actual answer is: Unask the question.
    • 2002, Norman Waddell and Masao Abe, The Heart of Dōgen's Shōbōgenzō, page 72:
      The Fifth Patriarch's utterance You say mu [Buddha-nature] because Buddha-nature is emptiness articulates clearly and distinctly the truth that emptiness is not "no". In uttering Buddha-nature-emptiness one does not say "half a pound." One does not say "eight ounces." One says "mu."
    • 2010, Joan Price, Sacred Scriptures of the World Religions, page 70:
      A monk once asked Master Joshu, 'Has a dog the Buddha Nature or not?' Joshu said, 'Mu!'

Usage notes[edit]

Used to answer a question that if answered with "yes" or "no" would imply something false.

Noun[edit]

mu ‎(uncountable)

  1. (Zen Buddhism) Nothingness; nonexistence; the illusory nature of reality.
    • 2012, Omori, Introduction To Zen Training, ISBN 1136167331, page 115:
      That being the case, we should naturally choose to contemplate mu from morning to night, forgetting everything.
    • 2012, Dr Robert Wilkinson, Nishida and Western Philosophy, ISBN 1409486001:
      Consequently, though mu is mindlike, the likeness to individual consciousness cannot be pushed very far.
    • 2013, Sean Murphy & ‎Natalie Goldberg, One Bird, One Stone: 108 Contemporary Zen Stories, ISBN 1571746978, page xvii:
      The monk posed to Chaoi-chou a question: Does a dog have a buddha nature or not?" Chao-chou, without a moment's hesitation, answered, “Mu." (Translated as "No.")
    • 2013, Maura O'Halloran, Pure Heart, Enlightened Mind, ISBN 086171752X:
      If mu is mind, consciousness, it is nothing.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Mandarin ()

Noun[edit]

mu ‎(plural mu)

  1. A unit of surface area, currently equivalent to 666 and 2/3 meters squared.
    • 2007 — Chang Liu, “Peasants and Revolution in Rural China: Rural Political Change in the North China Plain and the Yangzi Delta, 1850-1949”, page 87
      Of 114 village farming families, only ten had more than 30 mu of land and only five had more than 60 mu.

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Interjection[edit]

mu

  1. moo (sound made by a cow or bull)

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mu

  1. Singular dative masculine of on

Synonyms[edit]


Extremaduran[edit]

Adverb[edit]

mu

  1. very

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Noun[edit]

mu m ‎(plural mu)

  1. mu (Greek letter)

External links[edit]


Ikobi-Mena[edit]

Noun[edit]

mu (Mena), mụ (Ikobi)

  1. water

References[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay mu, shortened form of kamu, from Proto-Malayic *kamu(ʔ), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)kamu, *kamiu, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)kamu, *kamiu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mu

  1. you

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -u

Noun[edit]

mu m, f ‎(invariable)

  1. The name of the letter M

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

mu

  1. rōmaji reading of
  2. rōmaji reading of

Jurchen[edit]

Noun[edit]

mu

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Gisaburō Norikura Kiyose, A Study of the Jurchen Language and Script: Reconstruction and Decipherment (1977)

Kituba[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mu

  1. I

Kom (Cameroon)[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

mu

  1. water

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mu

  1. old

References[edit]

  • Randy Jones, Provisional Kom - English lexicon (2001, Yaoundé, Cameroon)

Lojban[edit]

Lojban cardinal numbers
 <  vo mu xa  > 
    Cardinal : mu
    Ordinal : mumai
    Adverbial : muroi
    Distributive : mumei
    Quantified : mumoi
    Higher-Order Ordinal : mumo'o

Cmavo[edit]

mu ‎(rafsi mum)

  1. five

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortened form of kamu, from Proto-Malayic *kamu(ʔ), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)kamu, *kamiu, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)kamu, *kamiu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mu

  1. you

See also[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

mu

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Northern Sami[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mu

  1. accusative and genitive of mun

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mu

  1. Dative singular mute form of on.

See also[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -u

Etymology 1[edit]

Latin mūlus ‎(mule)

Noun[edit]

mu m (plural mus)

  1. mule
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Alternative forms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

mu

  1. moo (the call of a cow)

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Preposition[edit]

mu

  1. about, around
    Bha craobhan mu ghàrradh an taighe.‎ ― There were trees around the house's yard.
  2. about, concerning
    Bha sinn a' bruidhinn mu làithean san sgoil againn.‎ ― We were talking about our days at school.
  3. about, approximately
    Bidh a' chuairt a' toirt mu thrì uairean.‎ ― The trip will take about three hours.

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • The following prepositional pronouns:
Person Number Prepositional pronoun Prepositional pronoun (emphatic)
Singular 1st umam umamsa
2nd umad umadsa
3rd m uime uimesan
3rd f uimpe uimpese
Plural 1st umainn umainne
2nd umaibh umaibhse
3rd umpa umpasan

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mu (Cyrillic spelling му)

  1. to him (clitic dative singular of ȏn ‎(he))
  2. to it (clitic dative singular of òno ‎(it))

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -u

Noun[edit]

mu f ‎(plural múes)

  1. mu; the Greek letter Μ, μ
  2. moo (sound of a cow)

Synonyms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

mu

  1. moo

Noun[edit]

mu n

  1. moo; the sound of a cow or a bull

See also[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Particle[edit]

mu

  1. Used to form interrogatives.
    Ona bu soruyu sordun mu?
    Did you ask him/her this question?
    Mutlu musun?
    Are you happy?
    Pikniğe gitmiyor muyuz?
    Aren't we going for a picnic?

Usage notes[edit]

  • Personal suffixes are added to the interrogative particles, as well as the past tense suffixes.
  • This form is used when the last vowel of the previous word is "o" or "u". Other forms used with different vowels are: ?, mi? and ?

Tzotzil[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mu

  1. delicious

Etymology 2[edit]

Particle[edit]

mu

  1. (negation) not
    Mu jna'. - I do not know him/her/it.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

(particles)

References[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Spanish muy ‎(very).

Adverb[edit]

mu

  1. extremely