oni

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See also: ONI, òni, ôni, ọni, oni-, -oni, oɲĩ, and они

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Japanese (oni).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

oni (plural onis or oni)

  1. A Japanese evil spirit or demon.
    • 1908, Henri L. Joly, Legend in Japanese Art: A Description of Historical Episodes, Legendary Characters, Folk-lore, Myths, Religious Symbolism, Illustrated in the Arts of Old Japan, page 263-264
      ONI . Generic name for devils, the representation of which in art is quite a common feature. Onis have claws, a square head with two horns, sharp teeth, and malignant eyes surmounted by big eyebrows; occasionally they wear trousers of tiger skin.
    • 1918, William Elliot Griffis, Dutch Fairy Tales for Young Folks
      Across the ocean, in Japan, there once lived curious creatures called Onis. Every Japanese boy and girl has heard of them, though one has not often been caught.
    • 1979, Marian Ury, Tales of Times Now Past: Sixty-Two Stories from a Medieval Japanese Collection, University of California Press, →ISBN, page 147:
      "That's no human being playing the instrument," he thought in amazement. "It can only be an oni or some such being."
    • 1992, Karl M. Schwarz, Netsuke Subjects: A Study on the Netsuke Themes with Reference to Their Interpretation and Symbolism, Böhlau Verlag Wien, →ISBN, page 46:
      The standing Shoki holds with his left hand an oni on his leg.
    • 2005, Christopher Hart, Manga Mania Shoujo: How to Draw the Charming and Romantic Characters of Japanese Comics, →ISBN, page 69
      This is actually a boy bishie in the form of an ogre. It's called an oni in Japanese. Onis have supernatural powers that can command the forces of nature such as wind (to create hurricanes) and lightning (to create thunderbolts).
    • 2011, Mike Shel, "Ecology of the Oni", Jade Regent: The Brinewall Legacy, Paizo Publishing, →ISBN, page 69:
      The oni are a diverse group of evil spirits who take on the form of humanoid creatures so that they can enjoy the pleasures and vices of the flesh.

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oni, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ónos

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈoɲɪ/
  • (file)

Pronoun[edit]

oni pl

  1. they (third person personal masculine plural)

Dupaningan Agta[edit]

Interjection[edit]

oni

  1. yes

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French on, ultimately from Latin homō (human being; man). English one is not etymologically related to on, but its use as an indefinite personal pronoun was influenced by French. Doublet of homo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

oni (accusative onin, possessive onia)

  1. (indefinite personal pronoun) one
    Oni povas vidi ĝin.One can see it.
  2. (indefinite pronoun, vague meaning) they (some people, people in general)
    Oni diras, ke Norvegio estas bonega loko por loĝi.They say Norway is a great place to live.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Comparable to the use of generic "you" in English (e.g. In America, you can do what you want).
  • A sentence whose subject is "oni" can often be translated as an English sentence in the passive voice, for example: "Oni ofte referencas al Kimrio kiel la "lando de la kanto." can be translated as "Wales is often referred to as the "land of song"."

Descendants[edit]

  • Ido: onu

See also[edit]

  • unu (one)

Guinau[edit]

Noun[edit]

oni

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Alfred Russel Wallace, A Narrative of Travels on the Amazon and Rio Negro
  • Proceedings [of the] Philological Society, London, Volume 3

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

oni

  1. Rōmaji transcription of おに

Lindu[edit]

Noun[edit]

oni

  1. noise

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oni, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ónos

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

oni

  1. they (third-person masculine personal nominative)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • oni in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oni, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ónos

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ǒni/
  • Hyphenation: o‧ni

Pronoun[edit]

òni (Cyrillic spelling о̀ни)

  1. they (nominative plural of ȏn (he))

Declension[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oni, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ónos

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

oni

  1. they (third person, personal, m pl)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • oni in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oni.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

óni

  1. they (masculine plural, more than two)

Inflection[edit]

Forms between parentheses indicate clitic forms; the main forms are used for emphasis.

See also[edit]


Sranan Tongo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English honey.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

oni

  1. honey

Volapük[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

oni

  1. accusative singular of on

Welsh[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • onid (used before a vowel)
  • on' (colloquial, before a consonant), on'd (colloquial, before a vowel)

Etymology[edit]

o (if) +‎ ni (not)

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

oni (triggers mixed mutation except of forms of bod)

  1. unless
    oni lwyddaunless he succeeds
    Oni bai fe yma, bydden ni wedi gwybod.
    Unless he were here, we would have known.
  2. until
    oni ddaw feuntil he comes

Synonyms[edit]

Particle[edit]

oni (triggers mixed mutation)

  1. used to introduce a negative question
    Oni fuom yn proffwydo yn dy enw di?
    Did we not prophesy in thy name?
  2. (colloquial) used to form a tag question
    Byddwch chi yma, oni fyddwch chi?
    You'll be there, won't you?

Yoruba[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognates with Ulukwumi òní, Ifè òní, and likely cognate with Igala èñíni.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

òní

  1. today
    Òní ni ọjọ́-ìbí mi.
    Today is my birthday.
    • 2008 December 19, Awoyale, Yiwola, Global Yoruba Lexical Database v. 1.0[1], number LDC2008L03, Philadelphia: Linguistic Data Consortium, DOI:https://doi.org/10.35111/6sp6-8p36, →ISBN:
      Òní l'a rí, ọba òkè l'ó rọ́la.
      It is [only] today that we see, [only] the Most High sees tomorrow (proverb on divine supremacy)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Awoyale, Yiwola (December 19, 2008) Global Yoruba Lexical Database v. 1.0[2], volume LDC2008L03, Philadelphia: Linguistic Data Consortium, →ISBN
  • Salem Ǒchála È̩jè̩bá (2016) A Grammar of Ígálâ, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria: The Linguistic Association of Nigeria (LAN), M & J Grand Orbit Communications Ltd., →ISBN
  • SIL International (2016) Dictionnaire Ifè[3] (in French)