noise

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English noyse, noise, from Old French noise (a dispute, wrangle, strife, noise), of uncertain origin. According to some, from Latin nausia, nausea (disgust, nausea); according to others, from Latin noxia (hurt, harm, damage, injury); but neither explanation is satisfactory in regard to either form or sense.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

noise (countable and uncountable, plural noises)

  1. (uncountable) Various sounds, usually unwanted or unpleasant.
    He knew that it was trash day, when the garbage collectors made all the noise.
    • 1631, Francis [Bacon], “(please specify |century=I to X)”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. [], 3rd edition, London: [] VVilliam Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee [], OCLC 1044372886:
      The heavens turn about in a most rapid motion without noise to us perceived.
    • 1959, Georgette Heyer, chapter 1, in The Unknown Ajax:
      Charles had not been employed above six months at Darracott Place, but he was not such a whopstraw as to make the least noise in the performance of his duties when his lordship was out of humour.
  2. Any sound.
    The sudden noise made everyone jump.
    She crept up behind him not making a noise.
  3. Sound or signal generated by random fluctuations.
  4. (technology) Any part of a signal or data that reduces the clarity, precision, or quality of the desired output.
    signal-to-noise ratio
    • 2018, Clarence Green; James Lambert, “Position vectors, homologous chromosomes and gamma rays: Promoting disciplinary literacy through Secondary Phrase Lists”, in English for Specific Purposes, DOI:10.1016/j.esp.2018.08.004, page 11:
      On the technical side, the scanning and OCR of texts, in combination with the graphic design of high school text books, introduced a certain level of noise into the corpus which in turn led to a higher tagging error rate than usual and may affect count precision.
  5. (figuratively, by extension) Unwanted fuss or bustle; useless activity.
    • 2013, R. Douglas Williamson, Straight Talk on Leadership: Solving Canada's Business Crisis:
      In order to provide coherence and confidence, the leader must dramatically turn down the noise level in the organization, eliminate any unnecessary distractions that inevitably get in the way of execution, and banish the fear of uncertainty.
  6. (genetics) The measured level of variation in gene expression among cells, regardless of source, within a supposedly identical population.
  7. Rumour or complaint.
    The problems with the new computer system are causing a lot of noise at Head Office.
    • 1709-1710, Thomas Baker, Reflections on Learning
      What noise have we had for fome Years about Transplantation of diseases and transfusion of blood!
    • October 13, 1711, Joseph Addison, The Spectator, No. 195
      He [Socrates] lived in Athens during the great plague, which has made so much noise through all ages.
  8. (obsolete) Music, in general; a concert; also, a company of musicians; a band.
  9. (music) A genre of rock music that uses static and other non-musical sounds, also influenced by art rock.

Synonyms[edit]

See also: Thesaurus:sound

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References[edit]

(Genetics meaning) "Noise in Gene Expression: Origins, Consequences, and Control." Jonathan M. Raser and Erin K. O'Shea (2005). Science. 309(5743):2010-2013.

Verb[edit]

noise (third-person singular simple present noises, present participle noising, simple past and past participle noised)

  1. (intransitive) To make a noise; to sound.
  2. (transitive) To spread news of; to spread as rumor or gossip.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts II:
      When this was noysed aboute, the multitude cam togedder and were astonyed, because that every man herde them speake in his awne tongue.
    • 1678, John Bunyan, The Pilgrim’s Progress from This World, to That which is to Come: [], London: [] Nath[aniel] Ponder [], OCLC 228725984; reprinted in The Pilgrim’s Progress as Originally Published by John Bunyan: Being a Fac-simile Reproduction of the First Edition, London: Elliot Stock [], 1875, OCLC 222146756, page 17:
      This man then meeting with Chriſtian, and having ſome inckling of him, for Chriſtians ſetting forth from the City of Deſtruction was much noiſed abroad, not only in the Town, where he dwelt, but alſo it began to be the Town-talk in ſome other places.

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French noise, possibly from Latin nausia, nausea, or alternatively noxia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

noise f (plural noises)

  1. (archaic or literary) quarrel, argument

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

noise

  1. Alternative form of noyse

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

noise

  1. Alternative form of noysen

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old French noise.

Noun[edit]

noise f (plural noises)

  1. noise

Descendants[edit]

  • French: noise

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Origin uncertain; according to some, from Latin nausia, nausea (disgust, nausea), compare Old Occitan nauza (noise, quarrel); according to others, from Latin noxia (hurt, harm, damage, injury); but neither explanation is satisfactory in regard to either form or sense.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

noise f (oblique plural noises, nominative singular noise, nominative plural noises)

  1. dispute, argument
  2. noise, sound

Descendants[edit]