θόρυβος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /tʰó.ry.bos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈtʰo.ry.bos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈθo.ry.βos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈθo.ry.vos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈθo.ri.vos/
  • Noun[edit]

    θόρῠβος (thórubosm (genitive θορῠ́βου); second declension (Attic, Ionic)

    1. noise, especially of a crowd of people: uproar, clamor
      • 460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War 8.92.7
        ἦν δὲ θόρυβος πολὺς καὶ ἐκπληκτικός
        ên dè thórubos polùs kaì ekplēktikós
        there was a loud and astounding uproar
      • 409 BCE, Sophocles, Philoctetes 1263
        τίς αὖ παρ’ ἄντροις θόρυβος ἵσταται βοῆς;
        tís aû par’ ántrois thórubos hístatai boês?
        • 1932 translation by Sir Richard C. Jebb
          What is this sound of shouting near my cave?
      • 446 BCE – 386 BCE, Aristophanes, The Acharnians 546
        ἦν δ’ ἂν ἡ πόλις πλέα / θορύβου στρατιωτῶν
        ên d’ àn hē pólis pléa / thorúbou stratiōtôn
        the city would be full of the noise of soldiers
      • 310 BCE – 240 BCE, Callimachus, Aetia Oxy..2079.30
    2. tumult, confusion, trouble
      • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 7.181.1
        ἡ δὲ Αἰγιναίη, τῆς ἐτριηράρχεε Ἀσωνίδης, καὶ τινά σφι θόρυβον παρέσχε
        hē dè Aiginaíē, tês etriērárkhee Asōnídēs, kaì tiná sphi thórubon paréskhe
        The Aeginetan trireme, of which Asonides was captain, did however give them some trouble.
      • 460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War 4.104
        οἱ Ἀμφιπολῖται ἐς θόρυβον μέγαν κατέστησαν
        hoi Amphipolîtai es thórubon mégan katéstēsan
        The people of Amphipolis were put into great confusion

    Declension[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    θόρυβος (thóryvosm (plural θόρυβοι)

    1. noise, racket
    2. (figuratively) commotion, stir

    Declension[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    Further reading[edit]