trouble

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: troublé

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Verb is from Middle English troublen, trublen, turblen, troblen, borrowed from Old French troubler, trobler, trubler, metathetic variants of tourbler, torbler, turbler, from Vulgar Latin *turbulāre, from Latin turbula (disorderly group, a little crowd or people), diminutive of turba (stir; crowd). The noun is from Middle English truble, troble, from Old French troble, from the verb.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

trouble (countable and uncountable, plural troubles)

  1. A distressing or dangerous situation.
    He was in trouble when the rain started.
  2. A difficulty, problem, condition, or action contributing to such a situation.
    The trouble was a leaking brake line.   The trouble with that suggestion is that we lack the funds to put it in motion.   The bridge column magnified the trouble with a slight tilt in the wrong direction.
  3. A violent occurrence or event.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      “I don't know how you and the ‘head,’ as you call him, will get on, but I do know that if you call my duds a ‘livery’ again there'll be trouble. It's bad enough to go around togged out like a life saver on a drill day, but I can stand that 'cause I'm paid for it. What I won't stand is to have them togs called a livery. […]”
    the troubles in Northern Ireland
  4. Efforts taken or expended, typically beyond the normal required.
    • (Can we date this quote by Bryant and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      She never took the trouble to close them.
    • 1881, Robert Louis Stevenson, Virginibus Puerisque:
      Indeed, by the report of our elders, this nervous preparation for old age is only trouble thrown away.
    It's no trouble for me to edit it.
  5. A malfunction.
    He's been in hospital with some heart trouble.   My old car has engine trouble.
  6. Liability to punishment; conflict with authority.
    He had some trouble with the law.
  7. (mining) A fault or interruption in a stratum.
  8. (Cockney rhyming slang) Wife. Clipping of trouble and strife.

Usage notes[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Terms derived from trouble (noun)

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

trouble (third-person singular simple present troubles, present participle troubling, simple past and past participle troubled)

  1. (transitive, now rare) To disturb, stir up, agitate (a medium, especially water).
  2. (transitive) To mentally distress; to cause (someone) to be anxious or perplexed.
    What she said about narcissism is troubling me.
  3. (transitive) In weaker sense: to bother or inconvenience.
    I will not trouble you to deliver the letter.
  4. (reflexive or intransitive) To take pains to do something.
    I won't trouble to post the letter today; I can do it tomorrow.
  5. (intransitive) To worry; to be anxious.
    • 1946, Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy, I.26:
      Why trouble about the future? It is wholly uncertain.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Deverbal of troubler or from Old French troble.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

trouble m (plural troubles)

  1. trouble
  2. (medicine) disorder
    trouble bipolaire
    bipolar disorder

Verb[edit]

trouble

  1. first-person singular present indicative of troubler
  2. third-person singular present indicative of troubler
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of troubler
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of troubler
  5. second-person singular imperative of troubler

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French troble, probably from a Vulgar Latin *turbulus (with metathesis), itself perhaps an alteration of Latin turbidus with influence from turbulentus; cf. also turbula. Compare Catalan tèrbol, Romanian tulbure.

Adjective[edit]

trouble (plural troubles)

  1. (of a liquid) murky, turbid, muddy, thick, clouded, cloudy; not clear

Further reading[edit]