From Middle English accion, from Old French aucion, acciun, from Latin āctiō (“act of doing or making”), from āctus + action suffix -iō, perfect passive participle of agere (“do, act”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éǵeti; see also act, active.
action (countable and uncountable, plural actions)
- The effort of performing or doing something.
- Something done, often so as to accomplish a purpose.
- Coordinate terms: (what verbs can express) occurrence, state of being
- A way of motion or functioning.
- Knead bread with a rocking action.
- Fast-paced activity.
- a movie full of exciting action
- The way in which a mechanical device acts when used; especially a firearm.
- pressing a piano key causes the action of the hammer on the string
- (music) The mechanism, that is the set of moving mechanical parts, of a keyboard instrument, like a piano, which transfers the motion of the key to the sound-making device.
- (music, lutherie) The distance separating the strings and the fretboard on a guitar or other string instrument.
- (slang, typically with a quantifier) Sexual intercourse.
- She gave him some action.
- I hope to get a bit of action with the hot guy from the club.
- (military) Combat.
- He saw some action in the Korean War.
- (law) A charge or other process in a law court (also called lawsuit and actio).
- (mathematics) A mapping from a pairing of mathematical objects to one of them, respecting their individual structures. The pairing is typically a Cartesian product or a tensor product. The object that is not part of the output is said to act on the other object. In any given context, action is used as an abbreviation for a more fully named notion, like group action or left group action.
- (physics) The product of energy and time, especially the product of the Lagrangian and time.
- The event or connected series of events, either real or imaginary, forming the subject of a play, poem, or other composition; the unfolding of the drama of events.
- (art, painting and sculpture) The attitude or position of the several parts of the body as expressive of the sentiment or passion depicted.
- (bowling) spin put on the bowling ball.
- (obsolete) A share in the capital stock of a joint-stock company, or in the public funds.
- 1751, [Tobias] Smollett, chapter 106, in The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle […], volume IV, London: Harrison and Co., […], published 1781, →OCLC:
- So saying he presented him with two actions of above two thousand livres each.
- 1790 November, Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France, and on the Proceedings in Certain Societies in London Relative to that Event. […], London: […] J[ames] Dodsley, […], →OCLC:
- the Euripus of funds and actions
- (religion) A religious performance or solemn function, i.e. action sermon, a sacramental sermon in the Scots Presbyterian Church.
- 2008, Duncan B. Forrester; Doug Gay, Worship and Liturgy in Context, scm Press, page 88:
- The Action Sermon is quite simply, then, the eucharistic sermon.
- (sciences) a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings).
- (something done): deed; see also Thesaurus:action
- action adventure
- action doll
- action figure
- action film
- action group
- action hero
- action hoe
- action house
- action item
- action man
- action movie
- action noun
- action painter
- action painting
- action plan
- action point
- action potential
- action replay
- action research
- action song
- action space
- actions speak louder than words
- action star
- action stations
- action verb
- action word
- affirmative action
- all talk and no action
- alternate action
- apefirmative action
- back action
- bolt action
- call to action
- capillary action
- cause of action
- civil action
- class action
- course of action
- cowboy action shooting
- cross action
- double action
- enemy action
- evasive action
- falling action
- false action
- galvanic action
- general intelligent action
- get action
- grand action
- holding action
- in action
- industrial action
- job action
- killed in action
- leap into action
- legal action
- lever action
- lights, camera, action
- live action
- lost in action
- man of action
- material action
- missing in action
- out of action
- Peabody action
- permissive-action link
- Phineas action
- piece of the action
- plan of action
- play-action pass
- police action
- popular action
- positive action
- principle of least action
- pump action
- put into action
- radius of action
- rearguard action
- repose in action
- representative action
- rising action
- secondary action
- shareholders' derivative action
- spooky action at a distance
- spring into action
- suit the action to the word
- take action
- unity of action
- western action shooting
- zone of action
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- Demanding or signifying the start of something, usually a performance.
- Antonym: cut
- The director yelled ‘Action!’ after the cameras started rolling.
action (comparative more action, superlative most action)
action (third-person singular simple present actions, present participle actioning, simple past and past participle actioned)
- (transitive, management) To act on a request etc, in order to put it into effect.
- 2004, Ros Jay, Richard Templar, “Fast thinking: project”, in Fast Thinking Manager's Manual, Second edition edition, Pearson Education, →ISBN, Fast Thinking Leader, page 276:
- ‘Here, give me the minutes of Monday’s meeting. I’ll action your points for you while you get on and sort out the open day.’
- 2005, Fritz Liebreich, “The physical confrontation: interception and diversion policies in theory and practice”, in Britain's Navel and Political Reaction to the Illegal Immigration of Jews to Palestine, 1945-1948, Routledge, →ISBN, page 196:
- Violent reactions from the Jewish authorities were expected and difficulties of actioning the new guidelines were foreseen.
- 2007, Great Britain: Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman, “Case study: 11257”, in Tax Credits: Getting it wrong? 5th report session 2006-2007, The Stationery Office, →ISBN, Chapter 2: Changes and developments since June 2005, page 26:
- HMRC said that one reason they had not actioned her appeal was because she had said in her appeal form ‘I am appealing against the overpayment for childcare for 2003-04, 2004-05’, thus implying she was disputing her ‘overpayment’.
- (transitive, chiefly archaic) To initiate a legal action against someone.
- 1856, Thomas Chandler Haliburton, The Attaché: or Sam Slick in England, New Revised Edition edition, Stringer & Townsend, Chapter XLVII: The Horse Stealer; or All Trades Have Tricks But Our Own, page 270:
- ‘I have no business to settle with you—arrest me, Sir, at your peril and I’ll action you in law for false imprisonment.’
- 1844, Robert Mackenzie Daniel, The Grave Digger: A novel by the author of The Scottish Heiress, volume I, T. C. Newby, Chapter IX: How the Grave-differ entertained a lady, pages 189-190:
- “Scrip threatened me at first with an action for slander—he spoke of actions to the wrong man though—action! no, no no. I should have actioned him—ha! ha! [...]”
- 1871, Michael Shermer, quoting Alfred Russell Wallace, In Darwin’s shadow: The Life and Science of Alfred Russell Wallace, Oxford University Press US, published 2002, →ISBN, Chapter 10. Heretic Personality, page 261:
- I have actioned him for Libel, but he won’t plead, and says he will make himself bankrupt & won’t pay a penny.
- 1996, Darryl Mark Ogier, “Discipline: Enforcement”, in Reformation and Society in Guernsey, Boydell & Brewer, →ISBN, Part Two: The Calvinist Regime, page 148:
- In 1589 the Court went so far as to effect a reconciliation between Michel le Petevin and his wife after she actioned him for ill treatment and adultery with their chambermaid.
- The verb sense action is rejected by some usage authorities.
- OED 2nd edition 1989
- ^ Marshall Cavendish Corporation Growing Up with Science p.1079
- ^ Christopher Howse; Richard Preston (2007) She Literally Exploded: The Daily Telegraph Infuriating Phrasebook, London: Constable and Robinson, →ISBN, page 3.
- “action”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- “action”, in The Century Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
From Old French acciun, aucion, etymologically reconstructed in Middle French to resemble the Latin actiōnem.
action f (plural actions)
- action, act, deed
- une bonne action ― a good deed
- une action promotionnelle
- a promotional campaign
- stock, share
- une action de capitalisation
- a capitalisation share
- (Switzerland) a special offer
- Saint Dominican Creole French: z'action
- → Ottoman Turkish: آقسیون (aksiyon)
- Turkish: aksiyon
- → Romanian: acțiune
- “action”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
action (plural actiones)
- Alternative form of accion
From Old French acciun, aucion, etymologically reconstructed to resemble the Latin actiō.
action f (plural actions)
- French: action
From Middle English accion.
action (plural actions)
action (third-person singular simple present actions, present participle actionin, simple past actiont, past participle actiont)
- to action
- Eagle, Andy, ed. (2016) The Online Scots Dictionary, Scots Online.
- action (intense activity)
- Alla är så slöa här. Det behövs mer action.
- Everyone's so lethargic here. We need more action.
- En film med mycket action
- A movie with lots of action (scenes)
- actionfilm (“action movie”)
- actionhjälte (“action hero”)
- English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
- English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *h₂eǵ-
- English terms inherited from Middle English
- English terms derived from Middle English
- English terms derived from Old French
- English terms derived from Latin
- English terms suffixed with -ion
- English 2-syllable words
- English terms with IPA pronunciation
- English terms with audio links
- Rhymes:English/ækʃən/2 syllables
- English lemmas
- English nouns
- English uncountable nouns
- English countable nouns
- English terms with usage examples
- English slang
- English terms with obsolete senses
- English terms with quotations
- English interjections
- English adjectives
- English verbs
- English transitive verbs
- English terms with archaic senses
- en:Physical quantities
- French terms derived from Old French
- French terms derived from Middle French
- French terms derived from Latin
- French 2-syllable words
- French terms with IPA pronunciation
- French terms with audio links
- French terms with homophones
- French lemmas
- French nouns
- French countable nouns
- French feminine nouns
- French terms with usage examples
- Switzerland French
- Interlingua lemmas
- Interlingua nouns
- Middle English lemmas
- Middle English nouns
- Middle French terms derived from Old French
- Middle French terms derived from Latin
- Middle French lemmas
- Middle French nouns
- Middle French feminine nouns
- Middle French countable nouns
- Scots terms inherited from Middle English
- Scots terms derived from Middle English
- Scots terms with IPA pronunciation
- Scots lemmas
- Scots nouns
- Scots verbs
- Swedish lemmas
- Swedish nouns
- Swedish terms with usage examples