performance

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

perform +‎ -ance

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: pər-fôrʹ-məns, IPA(key): /pəɹ.ˈfɔɹ.məns/
    • (UK) IPA(key): [pə.ˈfɔː.məns]
    • (US) IPA(key): [pɚ.ˈfɔɹ.məns]
    • (file)
  • Hyphenation: per‧for‧mance

Noun[edit]

performance (countable and uncountable, plural performances)

  1. The act of performing; carrying into execution or action; execution; achievement; accomplishment; representation by action.
    the performance of an undertaking or a duty
    Though the result wasn't what we were hoping for, I have to commend the performance of the team, never giving up until the end.
    • 1959, Georgette Heyer, chapter 1, in The Unknown Ajax:
      Charles had not been employed above six months at Darracott Place, but he was not such a whopstraw as to make the least noise in the performance of his duties when his lordship was out of humour.
  2. That which is performed or accomplished; a thing done or carried through; an achievement; a deed; an act; a feat; especially, an action of an elaborate or public character.
  3. (art) A live show or concert.
    The band played a mix of old and new songs during their 90-minute performance.
    We saw the whole ballet performance from the front row.
  4. The amount of useful work accomplished estimated in terms of time needed, resources used, etc.
    Better performance means more work accomplished in shorter time and/or using fewer resources.
  5. (linguistics) The actual use of language in concrete situations by native speakers of a language, as opposed to the system of linguistic knowledge they possess (competence), cf. linguistic performance.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Adjectives often applied to "performance": high, poor, improved, superior, excellent, good, peak, top, optimal, low, economic, academic, financial, musical, human, environmental, vocal, cognitive, dynamic, organizational, historical, physical, social, mechanical, electrical, mental, macroeconomic.

Hyponyms[edit]

Hyponyms of performance (arts)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References[edit]

  • performance at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • performance in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • performance in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English performance.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

performance f (plural performances)

  1. performance (a live show or concert)

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English performance.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

performance f (plural performances)

  1. (sports) performance

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English performance.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

performance f (invariable)

  1. performance

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ performance in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Further reading[edit]

  • performance in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English performance.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /peʁˈfɔʁ.mɐ̃.si/, [pehˈfɔɦ.mɐ̃.si]
    • IPA(key): (São Paulo) /peɾˈfɔɾ.mɐ̃.si/, [peɾˈfɔɾ.mɐ̃.si]
    • IPA(key): (Rio) /peʁˈfɔʁ.mɐ̃.si/, [peχˈfɔʁ.mɐ̃.si]
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /pɨɾˈfɔɾ.mɐ̃.sɨ/, [pɨɾˈfɔɾ.mɐ̃.sɨ]

Noun[edit]

performance f (plural performances)

  1. performance (amount of useful work accomplished by someone or something)
    Synonym: desempenho

Further reading[edit]

  • performance” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English performance.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /peɾˈfoɾmans/, [peɾˈfoɾ.mãns]

Noun[edit]

performance f (plural performances)

  1. performance art
  2. performance (amount of useful work accomplished)

Usage notes[edit]

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.

Further reading[edit]