Appendix:Italian pronunciation

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See Italian phonology at Wikipedia for a thorough look at the sounds of Italian. In addition, the Wikipedia help page for IPA for Italian has some useful English approximations.

Consonants[edit]

Bilabial Labio-
dental
Dental/
Alveolar
Palato-
alveolar
Palatal Velar
Nasal /m/ invalid IPA characters ([:B_//]) ɱ invalid IPA characters ([:L_]) /n/ invalid IPA characters ([:A_//]) n̠ʲ obsolete or nonstandard characters (P), invalid IPA characters ([:P_]) /ɲ/ obsolete or nonstandard characters (P), invalid IPA characters ([:P_//]) ŋ invalid IPA characters ([:V_])
Stop /p/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//])/b/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]) /t/ t̪ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//])/d/ d̪ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]) invalid IPA characters ([:V__])ɡ̟ invalid IPA characters ([:V__]) /k/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//])/ɡ/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//])
Affricate /ts/ t̪͡s̪ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//])/dz/ d̪͡z̪ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]) /tʃ/ t͡ʃ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//])/dʒ/ d͡ʒ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//])
Fricative /f/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//])/v/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]) /s/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//])/z/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]) /ʃ/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//])
Approximant /j/ obsolete or nonstandard characters (P), invalid IPA characters ([:P_//]) /w/ invalid IPA characters ([:L_//])
Lateral /l/ invalid IPA characters ([:A_//]) l̠ʲ obsolete or nonstandard characters (P), invalid IPA characters ([:P__]) /ʎ/ obsolete or nonstandard characters (P), invalid IPA characters ([:P_//])
Trill /r/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//])

Vowels[edit]

Front Back
Close /i/ invalid IPA characters ([:C___//]) /u/ invalid IPA characters ([:C___//])
Close-mid /e/ invalid IPA characters ([:C___//]) /o/ invalid IPA characters ([:C___//])
Open-mid /ɛ/ invalid IPA characters ([:O___//]) /ɔ/ invalid IPA characters ([:O___//])
Open /a/ ä invalid IPA characters ([:O___//])

Suprasegmentals[edit]

Symbol Meaning
ˈ invalid IPA characters ([:g]) Primary stress
ˌ invalid IPA characters ([:]) Secondary stress
ː invalid IPA characters ([:g]) Long vowel or
geminated consonant[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Consonant gemination may also be transcribed by doubling the IPA symbol (e.g. cotto /ˈkɔtto/~/ˈkɔtːo/). Also, Italian features syntactic gemination: è buono /ɛ‿bˈbwɔːno/.