Appendix:Spanish pronunciation

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Spanish[edit]

The following tables show the IPA and SAMPA representations of Spanish pronunciation.

Vowels[edit]

The vowel table lists both monophthongs and diphthongs.

IPA SAMPA Examples
a a alto, mar, luna
ai ai aire, vaina, hay
au au aura, flauta, miau
e e esto, cielo, madre
ei ei peine, rey
eu eu europeo, reuma
i i isla, vino, casi
o o ola, broma, sapo
oi oi oigo, boina, hoy
u u uva, alud, tribu
ui ui uy, muy

Consonants[edit]

IPA SAMPA Examples
b invalid IPA characters ([:]) b barco, tumba, vida, invierno
β̞ invalid IPA characters ([:]) B_o cabeza, pueblo, nuevo
invalid IPA characters ([:]) d_d día, caldo, candado
ð invalid IPA characters ([:]) D candado, virtud
f invalid IPA characters ([:]) f fuente, afán
ɡ invalid IPA characters ([:]) g gota, mango
ɣ̞ G or M\ lago, amargo
j invalid IPA characters ([:]) j miau, cielo, opción, viuda
ʝ invalid IPA characters ([:]) j\ hielo, yeso, mayo
k invalid IPA characters ([:]) k campo, vaca, kilo, queso
l invalid IPA characters ([:]) l león, mula, coral
ʎ invalid IPA characters ([:]) L llave, cuello
m invalid IPA characters ([:]) m monte, cama, invierno
n invalid IPA characters ([:]) n nieto, cana, pan
ɲ invalid IPA characters ([:]) J ñandú, mañana
ŋ invalid IPA characters ([:]) N cinco, ángel, rango, naranja
p invalid IPA characters ([:]) p puente, capa, chip
r invalid IPA characters ([:]) r reino, enredar, carro
ɾ invalid IPA characters ([:]) 4 caro, mandril, robar
s invalid IPA characters ([:]) s siglo, mesa, ciprés
θ invalid IPA characters ([:]) T cien, sauce, voz, zurdo, enzima
invalid IPA characters ([:]) t_d tiempo, atún, martes
invalid IPA characters ([:]) tS chile, macho
w invalid IPA characters ([:]) w huevo, cuido, sándwich
x invalid IPA characters ([:]) x joven, gente, maja, xico
z invalid IPA characters ([:]) z desde, isla, mismo, deshuesar

Other symbols[edit]

A stress mark is placed before the syllable that is stressed in IPA and SAMPA.

IPA SAMPA Indicates
ˈ (ˈa) " ("a) primary stress
ˌ (ˌa)  % (%a) secondary stress, sometimes tertiary stress
a.a a.a division between syllables

See also[edit]