sauce

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See also: Sauce and -sauce

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English sauce[1], from Old French sauce, sause, sausse, salse, from Vulgar Latin *salsa, noun use of the feminine of Latin salsus (salted), past participle of saliō (I salt), from sal[2]. Doublet of salsa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sauce (countable and uncountable, plural sauces)

  1. A liquid (often thickened) condiment or accompaniment to food.
    • 2015 October 27, Matt Preston, The Simple Secrets to Cooking Everything Better[2], Plum, →ISBN, page 192:
      You could just use ordinary shop-bought kecap manis to marinade the meat, but making your own is easy, has a far more elegant fragrance and is, above all, such a great brag! Flavouring kecap manis is an intensely personal thing, so try this version now and next time cook the sauce down with crushed, split lemongrass and a shredded lime leaf.
    apple sauce; mint sauce
  2. (UK, Australia, India) Tomato sauce (similar to US tomato ketchup), as in:
    [meat] pie and [tomato] sauce
  3. (slang, usually “the”) Alcohol, booze.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:alcoholic beverage
    Maybe you should lay off the sauce.
    • 1960, P[elham] G[renville] Wodehouse, chapter XVII, in Jeeves in the Offing, London: Herbert Jenkins, OCLC 1227855:
      [] she was thinking of her first husband, who was a heel to end all heels and a constant pain in the neck to her till one night he most fortunately walked into the River Thames while under the influence of the sauce and didn't come up for days.
    • 1993, Tristan Hawkins, Pepper, London: Flamingo, →ISBN, page 110:
      I've been pretty much off the sauce during the last week, trying to get Pepper to like me again. (Horace won't drink with me any more.)
  4. (bodybuilding) Anabolic steroids.
  5. (art) A soft crayon for use in stump drawing or in shading with the stump.
  6. (Internet slang) Alternative form of source, often used when requesting the source of an image or other posted material.
  7. (dated) Cheek; impertinence; backtalk; sass.
    • 1967, Barbara Sleigh, Jessamy, 1993 edition, Sevenoaks, Kent: Bloomsbury, →ISBN, page 39:
      ‘Well, you know what Matchett’s like! Just about bring herself to talk to me because I’m housemaid, but if the gardener’s boy so much as looks at ’er it’s sauce,’ said Sarah.
  8. (US, obsolete slang, 1800s) Vegetables.
    • 1833, John Neal, The Down-Easters, volume 1:
      I wanted cabbage or potaters, or most any sort o' garden sarse … .
    • 1882, George W. Peck, “Unscrewing the Top of a Fruit Jar”, in Peck's Sunshine[3]:
      and all would be well only for a remark of a little boy who, when asked if he will have some more of the sauce, says he "don't want no strawberries pickled in kerosene."
  9. (obsolete, UK, US, dialect) Any garden vegetables eaten with meat.
    • 1705, Robert Beverley, The History of Virginia
      Roots, herbs, vine fruits, and salad flowers [] they dish up various ways, and find them very delicious sauce to their meats, both roasted and boiled, fresh and salt.
    • 1830, Joseph Plumb Martin, A Narrative of Some of the Adventures, Dangers and Sufferings of a Revolutionary Soldier, Ch. VIII:
      The first night of our expedition, we boiled our meat; and I asked the landlady for a little sauce, she told me to go to the garden and take as much cabbage as I pleased, and that, boiled with the meat, was all we could eat.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

sauce (third-person singular simple present sauces, present participle saucing, simple past and past participle sauced)

  1. To add sauce to; to season.
  2. To cause to relish anything, as if with a sauce; to tickle or gratify, as the palate; to please; to stimulate.
  3. To make poignant; to give zest, flavour or interest to; to set off; to vary and render attractive.
  4. (colloquial) To treat with bitter, pert, or tart language; to be impudent or saucy to.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Category:en:Sauces

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2022), “sauce”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  2. ^ “Archived copy”, in (please provide the title of the work)[1], accessed 21 April 2019, archived from the original on 21 April 2019

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French sauce, from Vulgar Latin *salsa, nominal use of the feminine of Latin salsus (salted), perfect participle of saliō (I salt), from sāl.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sauce f (plural sauces)

  1. sauce

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Danish: sovs
  • Dutch: saus
  • German: Soße
  • Greek: σως (sos)
  • Hungarian: szósz
  • Interlingua: sauce
  • Malagasy: lasosy
  • Norwegian Bokmål: saus

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French sauce, from Vulgar Latin *salsa.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sauce (plural sauces)

  1. A sauce or gravy; a liquid condiment.
    • c. 1400, Geoffrey Chaucer, “General Prologue”, in The Canterbury Tales, lines 353-354:
      Wo was his cook, but if his ſauce were / Poynaunt and ſhaꝛp, and redy al his geere.
      Woe to his cook, except if his sauce was / sour and sharp, and all his equipment was ready []
  2. A solution or broth used for pickling or preserving.
  3. A liquid medicine; sauce as a pharmaceutical.
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

sauce

  1. Alternative form of saucen

Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *salsa, noun use of the feminine of Latin salsus (salted), from saliō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sauce f (oblique plural sauces, nominative singular sauce, nominative plural sauces)

  1. sauce (condiment)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin salix, salicem.

Noun[edit]

sauce m (oblique plural sauces, nominative singular sauces, nominative plural sauce)

  1. willow (tree)

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Old Spanish salze, inherited from Latin salicem (willow), from Proto-Indo-European *sl̥H-ik- (willow). Doublet of sarga. Compare Catalan salze, Italian salice, Romanian salcie.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /ˈsauθe/, [ˈsau̯.θe]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /ˈsause/, [ˈsau̯.se]

Noun[edit]

sauce m (plural sauces)

  1. willow
    Synonym: salce

Usage notes[edit]

  • Sauce is a false friend, and does not mean the same as the English word sauce. The Spanish word for sauce is salsa.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]